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Lebanon Valley College. 



YOL.II. No. 1. 



ANNVILLE, PA., JANUARY, 1889. 



Whole No. 13. 



EDITORS. 

FACULTY. 
Rev. E. S. Lorenz, A. M., B. D., President. 
H. Clay Deaner, A. M., Professor of Latin. 
Geo. W. Bowman, A. M., Professor of Science, 
j. E. Lehman, A.M., Professor of Mathematics. 
Rev. W. S. Ebersole, A. M., Professor of Greek. 

Miss Alice M. Evers, B. S., 

Professor of Instrumental Music. 

Miss Ella Smith, M. A., 

Professor of Vocal Culture. 

Miss Etta R. Hott, Ph.B., 

Professor of English Language. 

Miss F. Adelaide Sheldon, Professor of Art. 



ASSOCIATE EDITORS 
Clionian Society— Miss Loula S. Funk. 
Philokosmian Society— Rev. S. D. Faust. 
Kalozetean Society— J. T. Spangler. 



PUBLISHING AGENT. 
Rev. M. 0. Lane, Financial Agent. 



AU communications or items of news 
should be sent to the President. Subscrip- 
tions should be sen to the Publishing 
Agent. 

THE COLLEGE FORUM will be sent 
monthly for one year on receipt of twenty- 
five cents. Subscriptions received at any 
time. 

For terms of advertising, address the 
Publishing Agent. 



Entered at the Post Office at Annville, Pa., 
as second-class mail matter. 



EDITORIAL. 



Any reader of The College Fo- 
Rum, who has a copy of No. 2, or 
February No. of The Forum, will 
confer a favor by sending it to the 
Publisher. 



Will our friends be thoughtful 
enough of The Forum, of Lebanon 
G alley College, of the educational 
•Oterests of the church, and the good 
tn at can be done by our people read- 
ln g The Forum, to make a canvass for 
ne ^ subscribers and renewals of the 
°ltl ? We would like to reach a thou- 
San <i homes. It should and will be 
(lo «e if each and all will help us. 



^HE Normal Department will be 
° r ganized during the Spring term. 
ac ilities will be increased and every - 
done to ensure greater success, 



and more thorough work, than at any 
time during the past. Announce- 
ments will be made in the next Forum 
giving full particulars. 

The President's health is steadily 
improving. Since he left he has 
gained in weight. He will not have 
sufficiently recovered to be with us 
at the opening. If everything goes 
as it is now expected, he hopes to 
return during the term. May the 
Lord keep and bless him. 



Some have thought that the estab- 
lishing of The Forum was to be a 
money making scheme for private 
interests. If there should be a sur- 
plus, it will revert to the College. 
All connected with The Forum 
do the work gratuitously, and for 
the furthering of the education of 
the Church, and to bring the College 
before our people, to show them 
what she is doing amid difficulties, 
and what she could do if thoroughly 
equipped ; what are her needs, and 
what must be done if she will live 
and keep apace with the growth of 
the educational work. President 
Lorenz expresses the mission and 
object of The Forum, in his report 
to the conference, in 1888 : " We 
propose to reach our people, in- 
structing them in educational mat- 
ters, impressing them with their 
duty to educate their children, and 
also, if we can, with their duty to 
give Lebanon Valley College the 
proper financial support. By means 
of this periodical we hope not only 
to sow the needed seed, but also to 
provide for its early ripening. If 
the times are not yet ripe for a 
large advance in our educational 
work, we propose, by the help of 
God, to make them ripe 1" 



The present is a practical age. 
Everything is gauged from its com- 
mercial value. The craze in all 



fields is to cut short, or rather 
" short cuts/' Very few are satis- 
fied with legitimate means of amass- 
ing wealth. As a result there are 
many failures and ruined characters. 
The true business man knows that 
quick sales and small pi'ofits, with 
close application to his business, will 
eventually make a wealthy merchant. 
The father who desires his child to 
grow to eminence, to be a power in 
the world, to be strong mentally and 
morally, knows that the child can 
not become thus symmetrical at 
once. Years of training, hard work, 
close application, indomitable pur- 
pose to master the difficulties in 
an active, honest life, and a consecra- 
tion to God will fashion and mould 
him. 

Personal effort has made men in 
the past. There is no new device. 
Dint of toil and perseverance are 
the only successful methods. It is 
not the result of a day. It is not 
reached by a single step. Day by 
day the silent dropping wears the 
stone. An engine is measured by 
its motive power, but only as that 
can be practically applied. A man 
is a man only in so far as he has de- 
veloped his power of mind and 
heart, and can bring those powers 
into requisition. 



Education is too often thought 
necessary only to those who will en- 
ter the " learned professions." If a 
child is to be a mechanic, farmer, or 
a laborer, he does not need a collegi- 
ate education. It is only considered 
as an element of success in a man's 
business. True, education is closely 
related to success, and has a pecuni- 
ry advantage, but that is not its real 
nature. Its object is to bring out 
the man in man. It develops what 
a man is, and does not give him new 
talents. Because it enfolds his be- 
ing, enlarges his sphere of action, 



2 



J 

THE COLLEGE FORUM. 



opens up before him larger possibili- 
ties, broadens the mental horizon, 
increases his facilities fordoing good, 
and helps him to do better what he 
does, and multiplies his powers for 
pecuniary profit — in fact because it 
develops the man into manhood, it 
should be sought. 



What joy comes from giving and 
receiving gifts. That season has just 
passed. How old and young rejoiced 
together and seemed to meet on a 
common plane. How full to ever- 
flowing have been the hearts of our 
children. How much more real and 
lasting is the joy that comes to them 
from the advantages of an education. 
Parents cannot give their children a 
greater or more valuable gift than a 
few years of culture and training in 
a christian college. How they long 
for that which a cold world cannot 
rob them of, which will be to them 
but the earnest of a fulness and 
sweetness that will crown their future 
life. 



The requiem of another year has 
been tolled. The record has been 
made and will remain unchanged. 
Silently we pause. What will the 
future bring to us ? Will it be large 
opportunities ? Will it be the visions 
of failures, and neglect of duty? 
Will it be honors, and riches ? Will 
it be a growing into a broader and 
higher life, a perfection of our being, 
a drawing nearer to God ? These 
are great questions. They should 
influence our actions during the year. 
"Not to enjoy life, but to employ 
life, ought to be our aim and inspira- 
tion." Parents, as you lay plans for 
your children let your thoughts 
dwell upon giving them a few years 
at college. Tt will be an investment 
that will pay a thousand fold. The 
returns will be daily. You will be 
blessed and your children will receive 
an inheritance more precious than 
gold. 



There are some strange and inex- 
plainable things in the educational 
work. Why is it so ? Can there not 
be some remedy? This difficulty 
met us while canvassing for students. 
A son longed to go to college. He 
was a faithful, dutiful and obedient 
child. He has repeatedly asked his 
father to send him. He hopes by 



persistent asking to get his father's 
consent. It would be the best thing 
his father could do for him. Hungry 
and thirsty, yet his father refuses to 
satisfy the desire. There is large 
means at hand. The Lord has 
bountifully blessed the father, yet 
the father refuses to bless his son. 
Another still more sad case is where 
a father, amply able, wishes to send 
his son who is naturally bright, but 
he refuses and rejects the kind offer 
of his father. Love and remon- 
strance have been used, but with no 
seeming success. 

There is that in the first which 
may overcome the difficulty, the ele- 
ment of greatness. In the latter that 
which calls forth our pity, regret — 
the refusal of large opportunities, 
which may terminate in worse than 
a mediocre. 



The Fall Term Closed. 

The work of the fall term, which 
was generally gratifying to the fac- 
ulty, closed with more than usual 
good order and good humor on 
Thursday evening, December 20. 
The facility and quiet with which 
everything moved during the last 
weeks and days is attributed largely 
to the deep religious awakening and 
revival about the middle of the 
term. The examination began on 
Tuesday morning, and all pulled 
steadily and quietly to the end. On 
Wednesday evening occurred the 
event of the week when the Fresh- 
men and Sophomores — Prof. Dean- 
er's Rhetorical class — made their 
debut upon the college rostrum. 
They were greeted with hearty ap- 
plause by an enthusiastic audience, 
and furnished an entertainment of 
three hours' length, consisting of 
orations, essays, and recitations — 
twenty -five performances, not includ- 
ing the music, which was of a high 
order, nor the intermission for re- 
freshments. It was one of the most 
successful Freshmen-Sophomore pub- 
lics ever rendered to an Annville 
audience. Everything deserved 
special mention, and here is the pro- 
gramme : 

Ladies' Chorus—" Evening." Concone. 

INVOCATION. 

Vocal Solo— The New Kingdom, Tours. 

Anna R. Forney. 
Oration— Associates, — William J. Gardner. 

Recitation— -'The Builders," Longfellow. 

Lillie J. Rice. 
Oration— Man's Inclination to Invent. 

John W. Owen. 
Oration— Choice of Pursuits,. .Jacob M. Herr. 
Essay— A Cultivated Mind,. .Anna R. Forney. 

Piano and Organ Duet Faust.... Gounod 

Misses Ella Smith and Carrie Eby. 

Oration— True Nobility, A. R. Kreider. 

Recitation— "Nobody's Child," PhilaH. Case. 
Ella N. Saylor. 

Oration— Home, Harry A. Walmer 

Essay— The Rainy Days, Lillian Quigley. 

Vocal Solo— Serenade Gregh. 

Miss Manic Imboden. 



Oration— "Wanted." John A. Shoemaker 

Recitation— "Daisy's Faith," 

Joanna H. Mathews 
Mary Erisman. 
Oration— Importance of Religion to Societv 
S. C. Enck. 3 < 
Oration— Self and Selfishness, 

W. H. VVashinger 

Piano Solo — Les Adieux, Weber 

Miss Mary Erisman. 

Oration— Character, Sadie Flick 

Oration— The True and False, Sam'l J. Evers 
Recitation— "Death— Doomed," Will Car ietori, 
Laura E. Reider. 

Oration— A Collision, G. L. Shaeffer 

Vocal Solo— The Better Land, Coweri 

Miss Carrie Eby. 
Oration — The Power of Influence, 

Elme.r L. Haatt 

Recitation.— "Prayer and Potatoes." ! 

Ada Philips. 

Oration— Circumstances, G. Altair Doyle, 

Oration — Advantages of Adversity, 

D. Albert Kreider. 

Vocal Duet — Boat Song, Abt 

Misses Wolfe and Forney. 
Essay— Pluck the Flower,... Mary M. Shenk, 
Oration — Cordelia, . . . Jeremiah H. VonNekla. 
Oration— "Accidentals,". . . Lillie R. Shaffner 

Oration— Christmas, J. Rauch Stein] 

Octette— The Carnivale, Eossini. 

College Glee Club. 

The trials were conducted on 
Thursday till 4 o'clock in the after- 
noon, and in the evening at T: 15, after 
the final public exercises of the elo- 
cution class, judgment was pro- 
nounced. The grades in general 
indicated faithful work. At the 
close of the grade reading good 
wishes and good counsel were offered 
by the members of the faculty, and 
students and faculty together unan- 
imously adopted a message to be 
telegraphed to our afflicted President 
at Dodson, Ohio. The late train 
carried many away, and after the 
early trains of Friday few were left 
to tell the tale of the last week's ad- 
ventures. The college year 1888 
slumbers with its ancestors. Peace 
to its ashes. 

Aleph. 



The Eclipse. 

The total eclipse of the sun on New 
Year's day was an event which had 
not occurred for over two centuries, 
and will not again occur for over 
three centuries more. The eclipse 
was total along a track eighty miles 
wide, extending from the Aleutian Is- 
land, and running centrally through 
Point Arena, California, Nevada, 
Idaho, and terminating about Lake 
Winnipeg, in Manitoba. The total- 
ity lasted less than two minutes. 
Elsewhere it was partial. East of a 
line drawn through New Yo:k city 
and Ogdensburg it was invisible- 
We were almost at the eastern lim' 1 
of the eclipse. The conditions were 
very favorable for observing it. The 
sky was perfectly clear. It waS 
about 4:2*7 o'clock when the obscura- 
tion became plain. It was in the 
northwest quadrant. About two dig' 
its were eclipsed. The sun was en- 
tirely free from spots. As the na°^ 
arch of the day went down behind 
the horizon, it presented the fines 
sunset I ever saw. It was perfect'; 
grand. Although the observation 
was very short, the eclipse was &° s 
interesting and very beautiful. 



all 

I 



THE COLLEGE FORUM. 



3 



The Golden Year. 

yfe sleep and wake and sleep, but all 

things move ; 
The Sun flies f orward to his brother Sun ; 
The dark Earth follows wheel' d in her 

ellipse ; 

And human things returning on them- 
selves 

Move onward, leading up the golden year. 
Ah, tho" the times, when some new 
thought can bud, 
Are but as poets' seasons when they flower, 
Yet seas, that daily gain upon the shore, 
Have ebb and flow conditioning their 
march, 

And slow and sure comes up the golden 
year. 

When wealth no more shall rest in 

mounded heaps, 
But smit with freer light shall slowly melt 
In many streams to fatten lower lands, 
And light shall spread, and man be liker 

man 

Thro' all the season of the golden year. 
Shall eagles not be eagles? wrens be 
wrens ? 

If all the world were falcons, what of that? 
The wonder of the eagle were the less, 
But he not less the eagle. Happy days 
Roll onward, leading up the golden year. 
Fly, happy, happy sails, and bear the 
Press ; 

Fly happy with the mission of the Cross ; 
Knit land to land, and blowing heaven- 
ward 

With silks, and fruits, and spices, clear of 
toll, 

Enrich the markets of the golden year. 
But we grow old. Ah ! when shall all 
men's good 
Be each man's rule, and universal Peace 
Lie like a shaft of light across the land, 
And like a lane of beams athwart the sea, 
Thro' all the circle of the golden year ? 

Alfred Tennyson. 

The Golden Year — the present, is 
wealth. How many books have been 
balanced ! The sheets have shown 
where there were losses and gains, 
where we succeeded, where failed. 
It has prepared us for a new start. 
Some things must be lopped off, 
others added. Has our rule of con- 
duct been what it should. Did we 
do our whole duty towards self, our 
fellows, and, above all, to God ? Did 
we not leave undone much that 
should have been done? Have we 
added patience, gentleness, charity 
and wisdom ? Has not our life's web 
become variegated ? There has been 
to all sorrows. To some the shades 
have fallen heavily, and the gloom 
dark. Chairs have been made vacant. 
Dear ones have been taken from our 
homes. Loves broken. Families 
separated. But, sweet peace has 
Perched upon our banners. Much of 
i°y and comfort has come to all. 

We have been strengthened. Life 
has become more real. Friends have 
*?een more closely knit together, 
^ew inspirations, lofty ideas, buoy 
Us u p and help us to meet duties, 
to see larger possibilities in the 
future. 

Life is the sum of our achieve- 
rs. How many never live 1 They 
?jerely eke out a scanty existence. 
^ e ath, the last act in the drama, takes 
au with it. They are soon forgotten. 



The world has not been bettered by 
their living. 

The world moves on. Will we be 
players or ciphers? 1889 is the 
stage. A golden opportunity, tbe 
best we will ever have. It comes 
freighted with the sweetest incense. 
"Life for something. Do good and 
leave behind you a monument of 
virtue that the storm of time can 
never destroy. Write your name in 
kindness, love, and mercy on the 
hearts of thousands you come in 
contact with year by year; you will 
never be forgotl en. Your name, your 
deeds will be as legible on the 
hearts you leave behind as the stars 
on the brow of evening. Good deeds 
will shine as the stars of heaven." — 
Chalmers. 



Shenandoah Institute. 

Shenandoah Institute closed the 
most successful Fall term since its 
first opening, more than a half score 
of years. One very remarkable fea- 
ture of the past term was that only 
three weeks passed in which there 
were no new students entered school. 
The health has been good. Classes 
were taught in the Common Branch- 
es, Latin, Greek, Sciences and Higher 
Mathematics. The Department of 
Music has been largely attended. 
On the whole hard work has been 
done. All of the old students expect 
to return at the Winter term, and a 
fairly good number of new ones are 
promised. The local patronage is 
good, which shows that the peopte of 
Dayton are not indifferent to the ad- 
vantages of a good school in their 
midst. 



MATHEMATICAL CORNER. 



SOLUTIONS. 

No. 13. 

iNo. -5-4-| No. 
* No. + 6 = h No. 
£ No. + T? No - = i No. + 2. 
rh No. = 2. 
i|5 No. = 240 Ans. 

W. H. Washinger. 

No. 15. 

Let x = dimensions of cube. 
x 3 = volume. 

x -f- 1 = increased dimensions. 
(x + l) 3 = increased volume. 
x 3 + 3x 2 + Be -f 1 = x 3 + 721. 
3 X 2 + 3a; = 720. 
x 2 + x— 240. 

x = 15 Ans. 

W. H. Washinger. 

PROBLEMS. 

No. 16. 

Sold two horses for the same price. On 
one I lost 20 per cent., on the other I 
gained 20 per cent., thus losing $12.00. 
What did they cost? 
No. 17. 

The diagonals of a quadrilateral are 10 
and 12, and they intersect at an angle of 
60°; find the area of the figure. 
No. 18. 

A gentleman owning 400 acres of land 
in the form of a square, desires to keep 
100 acres, also in the form of a square, in 
one corner, and to divide the remainder 
equally among four sons so that each son 
should have his farm in the same shape as 
his brother. How may this be done? 



All communications for this department 
should be addressed to Professor ot 
Mathematics, Lebanon Valley 
College, Annville, Pa. 

We have had a number of re- 
sponses to problems in the Decem- 
ber Forum; but no one has ventured 
an arithemetical solution to number 
15. It has been solved algebraically 
as given below, but algebra is not 
arithmetic and the premium can not 
be awarded to Mr. W. The offer is 
open still. Will some one earn a 
year's subscription to The College 
Forum? 

No. 13 was correctly and very 
neatly solved. Thank you. Why 
do not more of our students become 
interested in the " Corner?" 

No. 14, I think, cannot be solved 
without Trigonometry, but is easy 
by that means. For a solution with- 
out Trigonometry, I believe I would 
be willing to offer a chromo. 

The Geometric puzzle, No. 18, 
comes from a friend in Dakota, and 
is very interesting. Who will solve 
it? 



VOICES FROM THE PAST. 



A Rumor.— Virgil. 

Immediately rumor goes through 
the great cities of Libya. Rumor, 
than which no other evil is more 
swift. She becomes strong by change- 
ableness, and acquires strength by 
o-oing. At first she is small on ac- 
count of fear. Soon she raises her- 
self into the air. She goes along 
upon the ground. She conceals her 
head among the clouds. Mother 
Earth, provoked with anger at the 
gods, brought forth her, as they say, 
the last sister to Coeus and Encela- 
dus, quick on her feet, and with 
swift wings; a monster, horrible, 
huge, to whom there are as many 
watchful eyes beneath, (wonderful to 
be told), as many tongues, as many 
mouths sound, she raises up as many 
ears as there are feathers on her 
body. [There is an eye beneath each 
feather. The feathers the success- 
ive additions to a rumor. Each 
person reporting it adds his plume, 
and thus contributes to the size and 
speed of the monster]. 

During the night, she flies in the 
midst of the air, and buzzing 
through the shade of the earth, nor 
does she close her eyes in sweet 
sleep. During the day, as a scout, 
she sits, either on the roof of a high 
building, or on lofty towers, and 
terrifies great cities, as obstinately 
bent on falsehood and iniquity as on 
reporting truth. Then she rejoicing, 
filled the people with different re- 
ports, and equally sings facts and 
untruths. 



THE COLLEGE FORUM. 



Personals. 

[Any announcement of personals in So- 
ciety items will not be repeated here.] 

Miss Lina Erb, owing to a severe 
sore throat, could not take her exam- 
inations. 

Mrs. M. 0. Lane was taken very ill 
on the 20th ult. She convalesced suffi- 
ciently to assume the duties of ma- 
terfamilias on Christmas. 

Rev. Z. A. Weidler, of Hummels- 
town, filled the pulpit of College 
Chapel the 9th ult. Although phys- 
ically weak, he was strong in faith 
and the Spirit. May the needed 
health soon be his to enjoy. 

Messrs. Geo. R. Shenk,* of Jeffer- 
son Medical College,^ Philadelphia, 
and A. V. Heister, of Franklin and 
Marshall College, both of Class '87, 
spent the Christmas holidays at 
home. 

Mr. Dick Shupe, of Yale Law De- 
partment, on his way home, stopped 
to see the " boys 1 ' and his sister too. 

Rev. J. P. Jordan, class of '87, 
of Alleghany Seminary, visited his 
mother-in-law, Mrs. Kauffman, dur- 
ing the holidays. 

Mr. A. H. Gerberich, class of '88, 
has been elected Principal of Potts- 
grove Seminary. The authorities 
are to be congratulated on securing 
the services of one so eminently fitted 
, for the position. Mr. Gerberich was 
most faithful to every duty while 
with us. Whatever he did, he did 
well. Our best wishes accompany 
him. 

Mr. C. E. Geyer and lady visited 
Mr. Rudolph Herr's, Mrs. Geyer's 
parents, during the holidays. 

Prof. Lehman and family spent 
the vacation at Bern, visiting Mrs. 
Lehman's home. 

Miss Hott took in the sights of 
Philadelphia and New York. 

Miss Sheldon was at her home in 
Canton. She had her eyes treated 
by a specialist. 

Prof. Ebersole remained here till 
after Christmas, then went to Mount- 
ville to visit Rev. J. A. Lyter and 
lady. 

Prof. Bowman enjoyed his cosy 
fireside with his family in rest and 
reading. 

Miss Eby went to her home at 
Newport. 

Miss Lillie Meyers, on December 
27, had a surprise party. 

Mr. David Kreider, jr., has a severe 
attack of inflammatory rheumatism. 

Prof, and Mrs. Bowman and Eva 
spent New Years at Sinking Springs. 



KATAKEKOMMENA. 



The words of the good are like a 
staff in a slippery place. — Hindu 
Saijing. 

When I read Seneca, methinks I 
am beyond all human fortune, on 
the top of a hill above mortality. — 
Justus Lipins. 



A number of the students are 
spending their vacation in canvass- 
ing books. 

The examination in Elocution con- 
sisted of a recitation by each mem- 
ber of the class. It was held in the 
chapel, and largely attended. All 
acquitted themselves well. 

The last public rhetorical of the 
President's class was given Dec. 15. 
The novelty of the programme at- 
tracted not a little attention. In 
several respects it was in direct con- 
flict with the views expressed. The 
performers are to be congratulated 
on the successful completion of it. 

About one week before the close 
of last term, Mr. John Light was 
called home by telegram, announcing 
the sudden death of his father, Rev. 
Job Light. Faculty and students 
extend their sympathies in this sad 
bereavement. May the Lord com- 
fort the sorrowing hearts. 

Prof. Ebersole and Misses Shel- 
don and Eby, in company with a 
number of students, attended the 
anniversary of the Literary Society 
of Schuylkill Seminary, Fredericks- 
burg, December 15th. They were 
royally entertained and expressed 
themselves as highly delighted with 
the exercises. 

The anniversary of South Ann- 
ville High-school was held the 21st 
ult. It was largely attended by 
patrons and friends. The room was 
handsomely decorated with ever- 
greens. The programme consisted 
of essays, recitations, readings and 
music. The scholars presented to 
Professor Stouffer a plush cuff case. 
The Professor gave to the library a 
set of the White-House series. It 
was a happy completion of the work 
of another year. 

The faculty of Dartmouth College 
have decided that no student who 
smokes shall receive help. Among the 
graduates of our College, those who 
did not use tobacco at all, or very 
moderately, were the students who 
were the best, and did the most 
thorough work. It is a rule that the 
most indifferent students are those 
who are the inveterate smokers. 
Let these facts be pondered. They 
carry with them many lessons : econ- 
omy, cleanliness, taste for drink, and 
purity. 

A Teachers' Local Institute will 
be held in South Annville, Prof. 
Stouffer's room, Saturday, January 
12. There will be a session in the 
morning and afternoon. The follow- 
ing topics will be discussed : The 
object of Local Institutes, and how 
to conduct them. How mav we best 
prepare our pupils for good citizen- 
ship ? How may we best cultivate 
morals and good manners in our 
pupils ? How to make school room 



work attractive ; How can a teach- 
er develop the will-power of his 
pupils ? Wherein do we fall short 
of just expectations in our .school 
work ? 

Miss Mary L. Culp, of Georgetown 
Ont., the first graduate of the college 
in music, was recently married to a 
Mr. Kennedy. Mrs. Kennedy while 
w r ith us made many friends. They all 
rejoice with her at this, the happiest 
event of her life. Marriage is sa- 
cred because approved by God, and 
reaches to eternity. Wedded on earth 
can only be fully consummated in 
heaven. May theirs be blessed with 
the purest joys of heaven, and seri 
redeant in caelum, clad in the beauty 
of holiness. 

" Oh happy state ! when souls each other 
draw, 

When love is liberty, and nature law." 



LITERARY SOCIETIES. 



Philokosniian Literary Society. 

" Esse quam Videri.'" 



All the members have returned for 
the winter, except Mr. Shettle. He 
takes up pastoral work. The good 
wishes of the society go with him. 

Mr. A. H. Gerberich, class '88, was 
in town on business December 14th. 
We were glad to have him with us 
in our regular meeting on that even- 
ing. The society highly appreciates 
any such visit. Mr. G. often comes 
to see us and each time we feel like 
saying with increased earnestness 
"come again." 

Rev. S. D. Faust spent his vaca- 
tion conducting revival exercises at 
Birdsboro. Brother G. A. Doyle 
was similarly engaged at Springfield. 

Our worthy president, Mr. Joseph 
Dougherty, has vigorously opposed 
the almost tendency of some mem- 
bers to indifference. The result is 
that the society demands better work 
from all, and the spirit of apparent 
neglect has been supplanted by a 
genuine desire to do the best work. 

Mr. Flook has become justly dis- 
tinguished by his proposed method 
for the cultivation and utilization of 
the musical ability of the society 
His proposition is a wise one and 
should receive the consideration due 
such an important question, and there 
can be no estimate of the good that 
may be accomplished just along that 
line. Mr. Flook manifests muck 
interest in music in general, well w e 
may say " in particular " as well. 

No one more than Mr. Doyle de- 
serves to be congratulated for tl' e 
successful manner in which he p e £ 
formed a prodigeous amount of ^' 0l 'k 
during last term. Besides the regu- 
lar studies of the course were added 
the duties of his office as priv» te 
secretary to the president and tho^ 



THE COLLEGE FORUM. 



5 



pertaining to his ministerial work at 
Springfield. Notwithstanding, he 
bad always time for the work of the 
society. A worthy example of not 
permitting other duties to infringe 
upon the claims of the Society, and 
f what we can do. 



Kalozetean Literary Society. 

The election of officers occurred as 
announced in the previous items. 
Mr. H. A. Walmer was elected Pres- 
ident for the Winter term. 

Friday evening, Dec. 14, was given 
to a program on Home. The pro- 
gram consisted of readings, essays, 
declamations and addresses. All 
were pleased and enjoyed the exer- 
cises very much. 

The society several weeks ago re- 
ceived an invitation from the Philo- 
lethean Literary Society, of Schuyl- 
kill Seminary, to attend their eighth 
anniversary. Several of the mem- 
bers attended and were very much 
pleased with the entertainment. 

The annual book reception has 
been arranged for, and will be held 
some time during the month of Feb- 
ruary. It is desired that all friends 
of the society co-operate with us in 
this undertaking. We wish to make 
it a decided success. 

The question for debate for the 
opening meeting of the Winter term 
is: Resolved, That the jury system 
is a failure. 

Among the late visitors were Chas. 
T. Courtney, of Landisville, Lancas- 
ter co., and W. D. Shupe, who is on 
on his way home from the Yale Law 
School. Mr. Shupe is a senior in 
the Law School and will graduate in 
June. 

If it were not too late we would 
wish all a merry Christmas and a 
j^ppy New Year. It is not too late, 
however, to wish all a pleasant Win- 
ter term. 



Clionian Literary Society. 



Virtute et Fide. 



The result of the election of offi- 
cers, held on Dec. 7th, was as follows : 
Resident, Miss Mary Shenk ; Yice 
'resident, Miss Mary Ensiman ; 
Jptic, Miss Loula Funk ; Secretary, 
fll 'ss Lillie Quigley. 

Miss Carrie Eby, who is filling the 
Position as teacher ot music in the 
josence of Miss Evers, enjoyed a 
Qort visit from her mother on De- 
cember 8th. 

■Hiss Ella Smith is spending her 

Jstmas vacation at Philadelphia 
"^.her brother. 

q, . lss Josie Kreider is spending 
^stmas in Philadelphia, 
the ° St °^ ^e ladies have gone to 
Va lr . 1X:s Pective homes to spend the 
cation ; feeling that after their long 
s enee there is no place like " Do- 



mum, domum dulce domum." Hop- 
ing that the Christmas has been a 
merry one and that to each Clionian 
the New Year of '89 may be one full 
of happiness. 

The auction of music held in the 
College Chapel Dec. 2, by the socie- 
ty, was a grand success. We wish 
to congratulate the gentlemen for 
their kindness and liberality on the 
occasion. 

Misses Behm and Mower paid the 
society a visit Dec. 14th. 



SCIENCE. 



The following examination papers 
were written on by the members of 
the respective classes on final work 
at the end of last term. The time 
allowed on each paper was two 
hours. 

Chemistry. 

1. Define Chemistry, Deliquescent, 
Anticeptic, Catalysis, Amorphous, 
Stoichiometry, Element, Diad, Crith, 
Allotropism. 

2. How would you prepare N Ho, 
H N 3 , N I,H F, C Hcl 3 . 

3. What is an acid, a base, a salt ? 
Give examples, showing how they 
are named. 

4. Describe the preparation of H. 
Sketch apparatus. 

5. (a) Show similarity of K and 
Na compounds. (&.) Find the per- 
centage composition of the hj^dro- 
gen carbonates of each. 

6. Tell how cast iron and malle- 
able iron are made and give the 
chemical symbols of the leading iron 
ores. 

I. Give tests for Pb, As, C 2 , 0, 
N 2 ,0. 

8. Name the halogons. What 
weight and vol. of cl can be made 
from 24 g of H cl. 

9. Distinguish potassium chlorate 
from potassium chlorite and give 
some uses of the former. 

10. Write symbols for alcohol, 
ether, acetic acid, sucrose, also give 
molecular weight of each. 

II. Name four artificial silicates 
and give their composition. 

12. Name three elements that have 
allotropic modifications and show 
how their properties differ. 

Mechanics. 

1. Define Atom, Matter, Momen- 
tum, Energy, Dynamics, Pneumatics, 
Gravity, Fluid, Yapor, Random. 

2. Give the laws of falling bodies, 
Mariott's Law, Laws of Motion. 

3. Describe Air Pump, Force 
Pump, Hydrostatic Press, Barome- 
ter, and Hydrometer. Draw first 
and last. 

4. (a.) A ball of 8 lbs. is fired ver- 
tical^ upwards with an initial veloc- 
ity of 1800 feet per second. 1st. How 
high will it rise ? 2d. What will be 



its energy and momentum at the end 
of the 10th second? 3d. Its range 
if fired horizontally from a tower 250 
feet high. (&.) A ball projected ver- 
tically upward returns in 15 seconds. 
How high did it rise ? Initial veloc- 
ity? 

5. Find the specific gravity of a 
piece of wood which weighs in air 4 
grs., the sinker weighs 10 grs., both, 
in water, weigh 8 grs. ; the specific 
gravity of sinker is 10.5. 

6. A lever 20 ft. long weighs 40 
lbs. with F 3 ft. from W. What W 
can be raised by a P. of 100 lbs. used 
as 1st class and 2d class? 

1. What amount of water per hour 
will flow from an aperture of ^ in. 
sectional area in the bottom of a 
stand pipe 100 ft. high ? 

8. What is the range of the jet 
(No. 1) if aperture be 60 ft. from 
ground ? 

9. What power will raise a ton 
with five movable pullies, the rope 
being fastened to the stationary 
block ? 

10. What is a horse power ? How 
many horse powers will it require to 
run a train of 240 tons up an incline 
of 2 feet in a hundred at the rate of 
20 miles per hour ? 



Elementary Astronomy. 

1. Define Ecliptic, Right Ascen- 
sion, Colures, Zodiac, Refractic. 

2. State Kepler's laws ; and de- 
scribe fully the ellipse. 

3. What bodies compose the Solar 
System ? Give the sun's dimensions. 
Describe sun spots. 

4. Name the primary planets in 
order, and give their size and dis- 
tance. 

5. What causes parallax? Name 
two kinds. 

6. Give cause of eclipses. Why 
do we not have one each month? 
What are comets ? 

7. What are stars? How named? 
What is a constellation ? 

8. What is Sidereal Time, Solar 
Time, Mean Solar Time ? 

9. Show by diagram how to find 
the moon's distance. 

10. Name the circumpolar constel- 
lations, with number of stars. 

11. Name constellations of Zodiac, 
with star figures. 

12. Describe Orion, Cygnus, Auri- 
ga, Bootes, Andromeda. 

13. Name Pleiades, and tell where 
Alkes, Acubens Menkarand Al Ris- 
cha are. 

14. How are the tides caused ? 

15. Name the stars in the Egyp- 
tian X and in the Diamond of Yirgo. 

The Work of the Coming Term. 

In this department will be — 
Geology — Dana's text is used, and 
as much time as possible is devoted 
to the study of the Geology of 
America. The study continues on 



6 



THE COLLEGE FORUM. 



into the Spring term and is followed 
by mineralogy. 

Natural Philosophy is continued 
by the Juniors. Statical and Dynam- 
ical Electricity will be studied 
during the term, the work being 
fully illustrated by the new appara- 
tus purchased last term. 

Zoology. This class will continue 
and complete the work began the 
past term, doing as much practical 
work as possible. Arrangements 
have been made which will bring us 
some specimens during the term. 

Botany begins in the latter part of 
the term, as much of the theoretical 
part as possible being thus passed 
over before the growth of plants 
begins, when practical botany will 
be studied. 



Astronomy. 

During the latter part of the past 
term, the conditions for practical 
star study were unfavorable. There 
were only a few evenings on which 
the sky was clear, and those occurred 
at the time of strong moonlight. 
The mornings were still more unfa- 
vorable — only two mornings were 
clear enough to trace constellations. 

Venus and Mars are now close to- 
gether and can be seen in the west- 
ern skies. 

Saturn rises about 8:30 p. m. on 
the first of the month, and is, during 
January, in a good position for ob- 
servation. 

Jupiter is now morning star, 
rising about two hours before sun- 
rise by the end of the month. 

The constellations visible last 
month are still visible, with the 
exception of the most westerly, 
while in the east the following new 
ones appear, Gemini, Cancer, Leo, 
Canis Major, Canis Minor, and on 
the south Hydra, Lepus, Argo, Navis 
and Columbia, can be favorably ob- 
served at 10 o'clock p. m. 



Meteorology for December. 



At 7 
" 1 
" 6 



TEMPERATURE. 
Average. Lowest. 



7 
19 
20 
7 



Highest. 
48 

53 
48 
53 



M.,. . 26.54 
M.,. . 36.12 
M.,. . 31.16 
Whole month, 31.27 

The lowest point reached at the 
time of observation was 7° on the 
morning of the 22d, the highest 53° 
at noon on the 26th. The average 
temperature was considerably higher 
than the general temperature for the 
month, and only 10° lower than the 
preceding month. 

FACE OP THE SKY. 

The face of the sky in 93 observa- 
tions gave 45 fair, 29 overcast, 10 
cloudy, 9 rainy. 

The rainfall was very low, and only 
a small quantity of snow fell on the 



4th. From the 22cl to the 25th the 
weather was exceptionally fair and 
warm. 



On the Study of Science. 

While it is generally admitted that 
the natural sciences in their prac- 
tical application are of great use, 
and that they have materially assist- 
ed in the advancement of civiliza- 
tion, it is not so distinctly seen that 
they exert a powerful educative in- 
fluence on those who pursue them. 
If it is useful to the mind to exercise 
its powers and faculties, and this no 
one will deny, then surely the study 
of the sciences furnishes at once the 
requisite drill, and that in the most 
interesting way. The study of na- 
ture is the proper study for man, and, 
incidentally, it is the first in which 
he engages. 

How much of the growth of the 
infant mind is due to the facts in na- 
ture with which it becomes acquaint- 
ed in quite early life is not known, 
but not a little. 

The intuitive convictions of space, 
time, substance, and self conscious- 
ness, are among the very first facts 
of conscious perception. Our belief 
and judgments are primarilj r in re- 
lation to natural objects, and our ab- 
stractions and generalizations are 
largely built on these. 

Not the least of the effects of the 
study of natural science is the moral, 
" Nature is the handwriting of Grod," 
and a true study of it invariably 
leads to a higher, deeper and more 
enlightened knowledge of Him in 
His wonderful dealings with the 
children of men. 



The Praise of Books. 

Employ your time in improving 
yourself by other men's writings, so 
you shall come easily by what oth- 
ers have labored hard for. — Socrates. 

It does not matter how many, but 
how good, books you have. — Seneca. 

Every good writer is to be read, 
and delightfully ; and, when the vol- 
ume is finished, it is to be gone 
through again from the beginning. — 
Quintilian. 

A few books, well studied and 
thoroughly digested, nourish the un- 
derstanding more than hundreds but 
gargled in the mouth. — Whichcote. 

Without books God is silent, 
justice dormant, natural science at a 
stand, philosophy lame, letters dumb, 
and all things involved in Cimmerian 
darkness. — Bartholin. 

Books are the legacies that a great 
genius leaves to mankind, which are 
delivered down from generation to 
generation. — Addison. 

We are liable to be corrupted by 
books as by companions. — Fielding. 

Wisdom is to the mind what health 
is to the body. — Rochefaucauld. 



A GEEAT MAGAZINE,* 



The Century for 1889. 




HE question has often 
asked, "to what does 
Century owe its great circu. 
lationl" The Christian Unim 
once answered this by the 
statement that "it has 
fairly won, not by adver- 
tising schemes, but by the excellence wincb 
characterizes it in every department." Ij 
their announcements for the coming 
the publishers state that it has always been 
their desire to make The Century the one in. 
dispensable periodical of its class, so 
whatever other publication might be desirt 
ble in the family, The Century could not be 
neglected by those who wish to keep abreast 
of the times in all matters pertaining 
culture. And the unprecedented circuk 
tion of the magazine would seem to be the 
response of the public to this intention, 

With the November number The Cental) 
begins its thirty-seventh 
volume. Two great feat- 
ures of the magazine 
which are to continue 
throughout the new vol- 
ume are already well 
known to the public, the 
Lincoln history and the 
papers on "Siberia and 
the Exile System." The 
first of these, written by 
Messrs. Nicolay and Hay, 
President Lincoln's pri- 
vate secretaries, contains 
the inside history of the 
dark days of the war, as 
seen from the White 
House. 

THE SIBERIAN PAPERS, 

by George Kennan, are attracting the 
tention of the civilized world. The Cl» 
cago Tribune says that "no other magaziu 
articles printed in the English language ju* 
now touch upon a subject which so vital 
jnterests all thoughtful people in Europea* 
America and Asia." As is already kno* 
copies of The Century entering Russia 
these articles torn out by the customs officii 
on the frontier. 

DURING 1889 

The Century will publish the most & 
portant art feature that has yet fo«* 
place in its pages. It is * 
result of four years' V* 
of Mr. Timothy Cole, t» 
leading magazine en 
of the world, in the galled 
of Europe, engraving flj 
the originals the gr< 
pictures by the old 
A series of papers Ofl 
land, its customs, ^ 
scapes, etc., will appear, and there are 
be illustrated articles on Bible 
treating especially the subjects of the Id 
national Sunday-School Lessons. ®# 
W. Cable will write " Strange, True StoJ 1 
of Louisiana." There will be n° ve1 ^ 
and short stories by leading writers, ojjjj 
sional articles on war subjects (suppl elD . 
al to the famous "War Papers" by Getf 
Grant and others, which have been ftpF^ 
ing in The Century), etc., etc. 

The Century costs four dollars a y ea,T '«# 
It is published by The Century Co., of ^ 
Y"ork, who will send a copy of the full P 
oectus to any one on request. 





1 



THE COLLEGE FORUM 



7 



READER'S CORNER. 



Memory Systems, New and Old. 
By A. E. Midleton, author of "Mem- 
ory Aids and How to Use Them." 
143 pages, paper. Enlarged with 
Bibliography of Mnemonics, 1325- 
1888 by G. S. Fellows, M. A. Price 
50c , ' Qt. S. Fellows & Co., 25 Bond 
8t>) New York. 

This book is of very recent publi- 
cation. The first part of it has al- 
ready passed through two editions 
in England. Part second explains 
the suppression of "Loisette Ex- 
posed." The Bibliography of Mne- 
monics is superior in that it gives 
titles in full. Memory systems are 
not a creation of the 1 9th century. 
At present there are two such sys- 
tems before the American people : 
the Loisette and the White. These 
are here treated of in connection 
with all other systems, especial at- 
tention being given to Loisette and 
" Loisette Exposed." The author's 
advice is : "Don't pay from $5.00 to 
$25.00 for anybody's system (of 
Memory Training) till you know 
something about it." The book is 
entertaining as well as instructive. 

Sceibner's Magazine for January 
opens the third year of its successful ex- 
istence with the promise for 1889 of an 
even greater variety in its contents than 
before. Groups of articles on Art, Litera- 
ture and Criticism, Railways, Electricity, 
and Fishing, will be among the interest- 
ing features. The richness and excellence 
of the illustrations will be maintained and 
advanced. 

There are six illustrated articles in the 
January number, E. H. and E. "W. Blash- 
field contributing the leading one, en- 
titled "Castle Life in the Middle Ages." 

The Railway Series is continued with a 
v eiy lucid explanation of "Railway Man- 
agement" from an official point of view, 
b yGen. E. P. Alexander, President of 
we Central Railroad of Georgia. The 
"lustrations are from drawings by Blum, 



Burns, and other skillful artists. It is 
announced that Ex-Postmaster-General 
James will contribute to the series an ar- 
ticle on the "Railway Postal Service." 

"The Invalid's World" is a sympa- 
thetic sketch of the bright side of inva- 
lidism, by A. B. Ward. 

William Elliott Griffis, author of "The 
Mikado's Empire," writes of "Japanese 
Art Symbols," describing the fantastic 
figures which embody the mythology and 
traditions of the country. 

"The Luck of theBogans" (illustrated 
by C. D. Gibson) is a story of Irish- 
American city life. 

The scene of Robert Louis Stevenson's 
romantic novel "The Master of Ballan- 
trae" is transferred in this installment to 
the Adirondack Wilderness of New York, 
where the author spent last winter. 

The final papers in each number, which 
were last year written by Mr. Stevenson, 
will this year be contributed by a number 
of eminent writers, American and foreign. 
Thomas Bailey Aldrich writes the first of 
the series — 1 'Odd Sticks, and certain Re- 
flections Concerning Them." 



A. S. LIGHT & CO., 

Wholesale and Retail Dealers is 




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Manufacturers of Tin and and Sheet Iron 
Ware ; Plumbing, Tinsmithing, Roofing. 

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Stoves, Heaters, Ranges and Furnaces, 

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Seltzer's Building, LEBANON, PA 



The Centuky Magazine. — The front- 
ispiece of the January Century is Cole's 
engraving of the head of Christ, by 
Giotto. There are four other large en- 
gravings by Mr. Cole from Giotto, with 
articles by Mr. Stillman and Mr. Cole 
himself. 

Another purely art feature of this num- 
ber is the article on the young American 
sculptor, Olin Warner, illustrated by re- 
productions of his work. Mrs. Foote's 
third picture of the Far West is a full-page 
drawing called "The Sheriff's Posse." 

The long announced articles by Mr. 
Charles DeKay, on Ireland, begin in this 
number, the first being entitled "Pagan 
Ireland." 

Mr. Wilson, the photographer, contin- 
ues his series on the Holy Land in con- 
nection with the international Sunday- 
school Lessons. 

An illustrated article on "The West 
Point of the Confederacy" gives an ac- 
count of a battle the details of which are 
little known in the North. 




Office of the Board of Education. > 
St. Paul, Minn., Nov. 26, 1888. \ 
Miller Lock Co., Phila., Pa.— Gentlemen; 
I certify, with pleasure, that your "Champion 
Keyless Locks," whicb have been thoroughly 
used and tried during the past year in the 
Chemical Laboratory Rooms of our High 
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pendent of keys or other contrivances liable 
to loss, theft, breakage, &c. , these locks cannot 
fail to improve with better acquaintance." 

Very truly, OTTO DREHER, 
Se&y Board Education. 
The Champion Keyless Locks are made 
for Drawer, Desk, Chest, Box, etc. For sam- 
ple Catalogue, etc., please address the manu- 
facturers, MIlLEK LOCK CO., Philadelphia, 



AS mad e arrange- 
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I 



THE COLLEGE FORUM. 





FOR GENTLEMEN. 

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NOTIONS, Etc., 

814 Cumberland St. 

LEBANON, PA: j 



amts, 



She (Mkjt Jforum. 

Lebanon Valley College 



VOL. II. No. 2. 



ANNVILLE, PA., FEBRUARY, 1889. 



Whole No. 14. 



EDITORS. 



FACULTY. 
Ret. E. S. Lorenz, A. M., B. D., President. 
H. Clay Dbaner, A. M., Professor of Latin. 
Geo. W. Bowman, A. M.. Professor of Science. 
j.E. Lehman, A.M., Professor of Mathematics. 
Rev.W. S. Ebersole, A. M., Professor of Greek. 
Miss Alice M. Evers, B. S., 

Professor of Instrumental Music. 

Miss Ella Smith, M. A., 

Professor of Vocal Culture. 
Miss Etta B. Hott, Ph. B., 

Professor of English Language. 
Miss F. Adelaide Sheldon, Professor of Art. 



ASSOCIATE EDITORS 
Clionian Society— Miss Loula S. Funk. 
PMIokosmian Soc'y— Bev. W. EL. Washinger. 
Kalozetean Society— J. T. Spangler. 



PUBLISHING AGENT. 
Rev. M. 0. Lane, Financial Agent. 

All communications or items of news 
should he sent to the President. Subscrip- 
tions should he sent to the Publishing 
Agent. 

THE COLLEGE FORUM will be sent 
monthly for one year on receipt of twenty- 
five cents. Subscriptions received at any 
time. 

For terms of advertising, address the 
Publishing Agent. 



Entered at the Post Office at Annville, Pa., 
as second-class mail matter. 



EDITORIAL. 



Encouraging words come from 
the President of his improved con- 
dition. He hopes to return _ the 
first week of next month. All are 
anxiously awaiting to give him a 
hearty, warm shake of the hand. 



Our friends should not fail to read 
tne kind words of Dr. Etter, on The 
*Wm, in this issue. They have no 
^certain sound. We appreciate his 
w °rds. A candid consideration will 
Cause our lukewarm friends to do 
the ir duty. 

After you have read this issue of 
He Forum, please hand it to some 

young friend who should be a sub- 

s crib, 



e r, and who thinks of attending 
ge, and who ought to go. This 
ne ss may be the means of mak- 
5 your friend a living force, and 
18 «fe nobler. 



colle 
kind 



The January number of Westfield 
College Banner is upon our table. It 
is issued quarterly in the interests of 
Christian education. It is very 
newsy and presents the wants of the 
college, and shows what is being 
done in improving the finances. We 
extend greetings and pray that their 
present success may be but the 
earnest of that awaiting them in the 
near future. 



Those who are planning to attend 
a Normal School during the spring 
can do no better than attend the 
Normal Department of the College. 
Our facilities are equal to any other 
school. Special advantages are af- 
forded that will be indispensable to 
the teacher — such as lectures, by 
prominent educators, and by the 
Faculty ; a well-furnished reading 
room, museum, library, gymnasium, 
and an opportunity for advanced 
work in college department. Besides 
the two Normal instructors, the en- 
tire Faculty will assist in the work. 
We request all to read the announce- 
ment under the Normal Department 
and see for yourselves what great 
advantages the College gives at such 
a minimum price. We ask our friends 
to call the attention of their friends 
to the advantages which Lebanon 
Valley College gives, and would as- 
sure them that we seek to develop 
the whole man. In our instruction 
we. aim to be practical, thorough, 
and to get at the bottom of all sub- 
jects. 

Lebanon Valley College, in the 
observance of the Day of Prayer for 
Colleges, had a very precious time. 
A deep religious spirit pervaded the 
entire day's services. There was a 
close communion and consecration 
to God. As prayer after prayer was 
offered, in behalf of the colleges, 
universities and seminaries of our 



land, and especially for Lebanon Val- 
ley College and its esteemed presi- 
dent, many eyes were bedewed. It 
was a scene almost similar to that at 
Williams College when the Ameri- 
can Missionary Society was born. 
Ere the students left the prayer 
meeting room a movement was set 
on foot to raise a fund towards the 
endowment, as an offering to the 
Lord. The programme and a full 
account .of the day's observance is 
given on another page. 



All can aid the College. We do 
not mean in large donations and be- 
quests of earthly goods, but by their 
prayers. " Prayer is a might}' en- 
gine of influence" It is God's best 
gift to us. But, why pray for the 
College ? 

1. The Lord has commanded it. 

2. She needs our prayers. 

3. The President needs them be- 
cause of the weight of the responsi- 
bilities. " Brethren, pray for us, 
because greater power than human 
is needed to give right direction to 
the youth in moral character that 
shall be fashioned for eternity," was 
the request of the President at his 
inaugural. 

4. The Faculty and officers need 
them. 

5. The students need them be- 
cause their present life is the most 
critical. The Christian student, that 
he may grow up in the Lord. The 
unconverted, that he may be led to 
a saving knowledge of Christ. If 
not led to Christ while a student 
there is little hope that he will ever 
become a Christian. An awful 
thought ! Enough in itself to ha ve 
all Christians pray for colleges. 

6. Because a child of the church, 
hence most deserving of the foster- 
ing care of the church. The debt of 
gratitude for what she has done in 
making the church so powerful in 



10 



THE COLLEGE FORUM. 



defense of the Gospel of Christ, and 
in coming to her rescue when dan- 
gers threatened. 

T. Because in the college the 
American Missionary Society was 
borrl. 

8. Because she has given us the 
common school system, and has 
raised it to its present high standard. 

9. Because of what she has done 
towards modern conveniences. 



Many of our friends have been in- 
quiring concerning the success of 
the endowment. Bro. Cray ton so- 
licited two months, with very good 
success. The illness of the Presi- 
dent somewhat interfered with the 
plans, and as the Seminary especial- 
ly desired his services, it was 
thought best, for the present, that 
he give his time to the Seminary. 
Arrangements are about consum- 
mated for an active campaign, and 
he is expected soon to return and to 
prosecute his work among us with 
renewed vigor. Every one has pro- 
nounced the selection of Bro. Cray- 
ton as most wise. If the $100,000 
endowment is to be raised, he can 
do it. He has the advantage of a 
large experience, beside his tact, in 
reaching the pocket book. It seems 
Providence has specially called and 
trained him for work of this kind. 
He has strong faith in pra}^er 3 and 
his success is attributed to his deep 
and earnest prayer and the benedic- 
tion of God upon the work. What 
purse will not open to faithful 
prayer ! Who will withhold from 
the Lord when made to see his debt 
of gratitude ? When a christian is 
put to a test of his love to God, the 
nobler nature must respond. He 
speaks as did Luther at the Diet of 
Worms, "the Lord help me, I can not 
do otherwise." 

The campaign is before us ; we 
must prepare for the work. Let 
each ask himself what is my obliga- 
tion to God. How numberless have 
been my blessings during the past ! 
But says one, my business has not 
been remunerative. I have had losses. 
Does that not release me from giv- 
ing? Brethren, because you have 
had losses and your business less re- 
munerative, your obligations to God 
are not less. In many ways, you 
have been blessed. Perhaps no va- 
cant chairs are in your home. You 



have all been blessed with health. 
Special seasons of grace have been 
yours. In a remarkable way have 
the benedictions of God been upon 
you and your home. You may have 
greater reason than ever before, 
despite your losses, to be thankful. 
Too often when losses occur, we cur- 
tail our expenses by giving less to 
the church, and not lessening our 
personal gratifications. Who would 
call this Christianity ? To withhold 
from God, is not only robbery, but 
base ingratitude. 



NORMAL DEPARTMENT. 



As has been our custom for a 
number of years, there will be a 
Normal Department, during the 
spring session, for the instruction of 
teachers, or of those who intend 
teaching. The session will continue 
eleven weeks, beginning April 1st 
and ending June 13th. 

Regular tuition in the department 
will be $9.00. Additional College 
branches, including Latin lessons, 
extra, each, $1.00. Profs. Stauffer 
and Batdorf have been added to our 
corps of instructors. Both are nor- 
mal graduates. By their efficiency, 
enthusiasm, and the practical char- 
acter of their instruction, they have 
won for themselves a high place 
among normal instructors. 

The Faculty of the College, almost 
without exception, have had years of 
experience in public school teaching, 
and are therefore prepared to adapt 
their instuction to the needs of 
teachers. During the session promi- 
nent educators of the State will de- 
liver lectures on practical education- 
al topics. Members of the Faculty 
will also deliver occasional lectures 
on topics germane to the teacher's 
work. The course of instruction 
embraces all subjects required in the 
teacher's work. 

United States History, (Anderson 
or Swinton) ; Physical Geography, 
(Mitchell or Warren) ; Political 
Geography, (Mitchell) ; Civil Gov- 
ernment, (Young) ; English Gram- 
mar, (Raub or Greene) ; Higher 
English, (Raub or Greene) ; Read- 
ing, (Appleton's Fifth); Ortho- 
graphy, (Raub); Physiology, (Mill); 
Written Arithmetic, A, (Brooks' 
Normal); Written Arithmetic, B, 
(Brooks' Normal) : Mental Arithme- 
tic, A and B, (Brooks') ; Algebra, 
(Robinson's Elementary); Theory 
of Teaching, (Raub or Baldwin) ; 
Latin Grammar, Beginning, (Allen 
& Greenough's Grammar and Jones' 
Lessons). In addition to these the 
regular College work offers oppor- 
tunities for advanced work in the 
higher mathematics, sciences, &c. 
The musical advantages in both in- 



strumental and vocal music are very 
superior. 

The reader will see at once that 
we have spared no pains to furnish 
everything that can inspire 
profit the teacher. Our aim is two. 
fold : to prepare the teacher to pass 
an honorable examination, but more 
especially to prepare him to do 
cient work in the school room. 

Any further information that i 
be desired may be obtained by 
dressing the President of the Col. 
lege, Rev. E. S. Lorenz, Annville 
Pa, 

Day of Prayer for College. 

The Day of Prayer for College, 
January 31st, was observed by three 
appropriate services in the college 
chapel and prayer room. The day's 
programme was as follows : 

9:30 to 10 o'clock a. m., a 
hours prayer and conference, 
" The Relation of the College to 
Missions," led by Prof. W. S. Eber- 
sole. 

10 o'clock a. m., a chapel serv 
opened by a mention of heaven 
benedictions during the past year- 
of the peace, harmony, and prosper- 
ity which have attended the labors of 
faculty, students and patrons; 
increased facilities in some depart 
ments, particularly the $150 worth 
of new scientific apparatus ; the re- 
ligious revival which resulted in 
conversion of all except two of the 
boarding students ; the inaugura- 
tion, progress and promised success 
of the Endowment Plan ; 
the $40,000 Josephine Bittinger 
Eberly endowment of the chair 
of Latin Language and Litera- 
ture. With these blessings in mini 
the congregation joined in singing 
earnestly " Praise God from whofl 
all blessings flow." 

The opening prayer and first d> 
dress were made by Rev. Dr. J- ^ 
Etter, of Lebanon Trinity TJ. J 
Church. His address was on 
Nature and Power of Prayer. B eV 
Mr. Evans, of Christ PresbyteriaJ 
Church, of Lebanon, followed wip 
an address on the moral and chn 
tian tone of American college lift 

2 o'clock p. m. a general meetiD? 
on "The College, a Subject <f 
Prayer. Why ?" led by W. * 
Washinger. The subject was 
vassed as follows : 

(Because of) Its Sacred TruSfjj 
The formation of character for bit- 
places. An address by J. H. '° 
Nieda. 

For Authorities — Board of 
tees, Faculty (with special ment 10 , 
of President Lorenz) and Finao^ 
Agents. A prayer by B. F. D° u » 
erty. . 

Its Financial Perplexities, 
address by Prof. H. Clay Deane* 

For the Success of the En«° 



- 



THE COLLEGE FORUM. 



11 



pent Plan, and an enlarged degree 
f sympathy and support attended 
by a clear conception of duty on the 
part of patrons. A prayer by A. L. 
Shannon. 

Its Relation to the Nation. An 
address by S. D. Faust. 

For Students — God's will in their 
conversion, development and destiny 
m life. A prayer by Prof. J. E. 
Lehman. 

Its Relation to the Church. An 
address by J. L. Keedy. 

For Union Biblical Seminary and 
for all educational institutions of the 
church and nation. A prayer by 
Joseph Dougherty. 

The early morning and the after- 
noon services were under the direc- 
tion of the Young Men's Christian 
Association, and were well attended 
by students. The sincere, warm, 
Christian zeal which moved all the 
services cannot be written down with 
a pen. To write that in each service- 
there were tears glistening in the 
eyes of young men and women who 
possess brave hearts would be to pen 
a significant truth. The eloquent 
earnestness with which every one of 
those afternoon prayers were offered 
would have moved almost any well- 
to-do United Brethren in this section 
of the church to become God's mes- 
senger in answering those petitions. 
Indeed, in that very meeting the 
students, many of them straining 
every nerve to work their way 
through college, were moved to con- 
tribute one hundred dollars to the 
Endowment Fund. If all over the 
conferences there were such earnest 
prayer and consideration, followed as 
would be natural by a proportionate 
liberality, Lebanon Valley College 
would be copiously endowed without 
any attending expense of agents' 
salary or postage and printing. Oh, 
for some power to lay this matter 
heavily upon the hearts of the 
people ! Will the pastors who read 
this signify their interest by sending 
encouraging words, with permission 
to publish, regarding the inaugura- 
tion of such a movement. The sub- 
ject of prayer is well worthy the 
serious earnestness which it calls 
forth. Would that the American 
People and the church especially re- 
alized the vital relation between the 
college and the purity and prosperity 
°f the nation and the kingdom of 
Christ on earth as the attendants of 
this clay's services were made to re- 
size it ! It is the college that feeds 
toe nation and church with leading 
Jten ; woe be it to both if the diet 
be unwholesome 1 Observe the mis- 
8l °n of the Christian college. 

Would that all the United Breth- 
re n in these co-operating conferences 
^igbt have heard Dr. Etter's ad- 
^ess at the 10 o'clock service. He 
8ai d we may ask anything in prayer; 



but it remains with God to answer 
according to His will. When we 
pray for Lebanon Valley College,we 
may be sure we pray for a good 
thing — a request in accord with His 
will — and as our faith so shall it be. 
The Doctor's plan for endowing Leb- 
anon Valley College is by way of a 
season of soul yearning prayer all 
over this part of the church. " Prayer 
moves the heart that moves the 
world." 

- Rev. Mr. Evans made an earnest 
appeal, not only for a purer moral, 
but a more sanctified religious life 
among the students of American 
Colleges. The burden of his prayer 
was, as his address, that students 
of America might be shielded from 
scepti cism , religious indifference , and 
the little immoralites as well as the 
grosser ones. This whole service was 
an inspiration. No more profitable 
religious day have we spent this 
year. Doubtless the church may ex- 
pect a movement along Dr. Etter's 
plan of securing the endowment. 



The College Forum. 

This literary sheet — the advocate 
of Lebanon Valley College— is a 
young child only one year old, but 
'it expects to live until its friends 
starve it to death by shameful 
neglect, or wicked martyrdom. It 
has entered upon a mission that en- 
titles it to live as long as the college 
lives. 

Although unpretending in its 
merits and 'modest in asserting its 
claim to a more extended patronage, 
it nevertheless serves an important 
sphere of usefulness. In the ab- 
sence, and outside the audience, of 
the editing Faculty, I have heard 
spoken many words of commenda- 
tion concerning this college paper, 
but I wonder that no one, ere this, 
has bethought himself to write to 
them some words of appreciation 
that they may hear it themselves 
and take courage. 

Who? Why? These are the 
questions. Who should take and 
read The College Forum? 

First. Every active itinerant in 
the patronizing conferences. This 
alone would give it about 200 sub- 
scribers. The monthly visits of this 
college agent would not only keep 
before the pastor the interests of the 
college, in whose success he should 
be deeply concerned, but help him 
to get money and students for the 
school. It is necessary to have our 
minds stirred up every month by 
way of remembrance. 

Second. Every parent who has a 
child to educate. Parents, in select- 
ing a place for the education of their 
children, should know something of 
the school that is to mould the 
future destiny of their sons and 
daughters. I would have my child 



read about its future alma mater 
from the day it was old enough to 
read until the day its name was 
placed on the matriculation roll of 
the college. Such preparatory, in- 
troductory acquaintance will help 
my child to feel at home when it 
gets to college. To do this is my 
duty. The Forum helps me in this 
respect. 

Third. Every alumnus of the 
college. If I need something to ac- 
quaint me with my alma mater be- 
fore I go to college, I also need 
something to keep up that acquaint- 
ance after I leave it. It is a sin to 
forget the mother that fostered us, 
or ever to become oblivious to her 
welfare by any growing alienation. 
Whatever other interests engage my 
time and attention in active or pro- 
fessional life, or however far removed 
from home, I must not cease to love 
mother, to inquire after her welfare, 
and to reciprocate her kindness, even 
though she did sometimes adminis- 
ter correction contrary to my im- 
perfect judgment. The Forum to 
me is a letter from home. Would I 
not be a cruel, unnatural child not to 
read it ? How many of the alumni 
read it ? Let all who do not, say "I" 
and blush ! 



Fourth. Every ex-student of Leb- 
anon Valley College. Hundreds of 
persons are scattered all over these 
valleys who once were students of 
Lebanon Valley College, but for va- 
rious reasons never completed a cur- 
riculum of study. They have not lost 
all their interest in their former 
studies and associations. Why not 
refresh your knowledge of figures 
during these long wintry evenings 
by scratching your head over the 
"Mathematical Corner?" Why not 
keep posted in the Sciences to which 
The Forum devotes much space each 
month ? Why not learn something 
about the Philokosmian, Clionian 
and Kalozetean Societies of which 
once you were an active member? 
Why not read brief notes about your 
former school-mates as given in the 
column of Personals ? Why not get 
all this for only 25 cents a year ? 

Why should I take and read the 
College Forum ? 

I thereby put good reading matter 
into the hands of my family. Too 
many secular newspapers filled with 
the latest revelations of robberies, 
murders, scandals, uncleanness, and 
other nameless crimes too vile for 
print, are placed upon the family 
reading table, and read by our child- 
ren whose minds become poisoned 
by this sensational literature. Dirt 
and trash go together in the "dailies" 
as dirt and trash go together in the 
scavenger's cart. The dirty is al- 
ways trashy and the trashy is usually 
dirty. Such reading matter, too 
often, crowds out the religious news- 



12 



THE COLLEGE FORUM. 



paper eren from Christian familes. 
What are our boj^s and girls reading 
in this year of grace ? Too much 
" stuff " that tends to weaken the 
mind, unnerve the will for honest ef- 
fort, is calculated to graduate, in the 
end, either worthless loafers, or 
state's prison convicts. My advice 
to all parents is: Dispense with one 
of your secular papers and take The 
College Forum instead. It will be 
like driving a snake from your prem- 
ises, and entertaining an angel in 
its place. 

Again, by subscribing for The 
Forum, I patronize the cause of edu- 
cation in general, and Lebanon Val- 
ley College in particular. My little 
mite of twenty-five cents thus in- 
vested in the Lord's business may 
yield a large dividend of blessings to 
the church through the agency of 
this humble paper which I help to 
send forth as the preacher of chris- 
tian education. 

J. W. Etter. 
Lebanon, Pa., Feb. 1, 1889. 



Personals. 

[ Any announcement of personals in So- 
ciety items will not be repeated here.] 

Dr. Etter preached in the TJ. B. 
Church on the 20th ult. 

Rev. M. Spade a former student, 
visited the recitations. 

Rev. A. H. Rice visited his daughter 
Lillie on the 31st ult. 

Rev. Baltzell conducted services 
in chapel on the 4th. His visits 
among us are always highly enjoyed. 

Messrs. Long, John and Ed. Keedy , 
Kleffman and Sparks have passed 
the first course for quarterly confer- 
ence license. 

On the 27th ult., Rev. P. E. Deit- 
rick filled College Chapel in the 
morning, and in the evening the 
church in town. 

Prof, and Mrs. Ada Underwood 
Ayers have recently moved to Bos- 
ton. The Professor has entered the 
Conservatory as a Professor. 

Rev. H. B. Dohner, Presiding 
Elder of Lancaster district, has been 
elected President of the Alumni of 
the Bible Normal Union. 

A class of six in the B. N. TJ. has 
been examined by Rev. Dohner, at 
Lebanon, for the Gold Seal. Among 
the number were Mrs. Etter and 
Chas. Rauch, both graduates of the 
College. 

Miss Evers was on the reception 
committee at the Conservatory du- 
ring a recent reception given to the 
Governor. It was a brilliant gath- 
ering. Many of the elite of the city 
were present. Miss Evers left 
Boston on the 10th inst.for her home, 
where she will spend a week or more, 
and then will resume her work at 
the College. 

Rev. J. W. Osborn, A. M., Ph. D., 
of the Christian (Newlight) Church, 



died January 4th, at Swansea, Mass. 
He was a member of the class of '74. 
He was a man of marked talent, of 
keen perception, and of personal 
magnetism. For a number of years 
he was Superintendent of the public 
schools of Swansea. He was a very 
influential minister in his denomina- 
tion. 

Prof. W. B. Bodenhorn, Superin- 
tendent of Lebanon county, who has 
been confined to his room for the 
past few months, is convalescing. 
He has had a severe struggle, and 
has been very much reduced in flesh. 
His strength is slowly recovering, 
and he hopes soon to be able to re- 
sume his work. His interest is un- 
abated in the success of the College. 
If his health permits he will give a 
number of lectures on " Theory of 
Teaching" during the spring session. 



KATAKEKOMMENA. 



Prof. Lehman and Mr. James 
Stein, on the 12th ult., made a sur- 
vey of Mr. Samuel Bowman's farm. 

Prof. Deaner and the Astronomy 
Class had arranged to make obser- 
vations of the eclipse of the moon, 
the 16th and 17th ult., but the in- 
clemenc}- of the weather prevented. 

The class in the Bible Normal 
Union bas taken the second exami- 
nation. During this term the ex- 
amination for the silver seal will be 
taken. During the spring term, the 
course will be completed, and the 
class will graduate in June. 

Misses Sheldon, Smith and Eby, 
and Professors Ebersole and Deaner, 
on the 8th ult., heard in Lebanon 
the Boston Stars, consisting of Ru- 
fus King, the brilliant pianoist and 
composer, Medora Henson-Emerson, 
the distinguished soprano, Walter 
Emerson, the greatest cornet player 
living, and Nella F. Brown, Ameri- 
ca's most gifted and popular reader. 

The growing interest in the de- 
partment of voice is shown by the 
number of students now studying, 
there being almost triple the num- 
ber that have studied at any one 
time. Our town people are showing 
an interest never before seen. There 
are now nineteen in voice alone, 
most of whom have promising voices 
and are good working students. Let 
any who sing at all come in and cul- 
tivate what nature has given them. 

The work in Piano under the 
efficient substitute, Miss Eby, has 
been most satisfactory and has won 
for her great popularity. The de- 
partment is as large, if not larger, 
than any term before. The progress 
has been very marked. The interest 
and enthusiasm is indicative of 
thoroughness of the work. 

The Teachers' Local Institute, in 
South Annville, January 12, was 
well attended, as was the one in 



North Annville, February 2. The 
discussions were animated and nri] 
of practical suggestions. Professors 
Deaner, Bowman and Lehman were 
present and took part in the discus, 
sions. 

The initial sociable of the winter 
term was held Saturday evening 
January 19th, at the Ladies' Hall. 
The guests were received by the 
Senior Class. The nicety arranged 
programme of entertainment, con- 
sisting of conundrums, conglomera- 
tion, charades and the innovation in 
the shape of juicy oranges arid 
toothsome nuts, was thoroughly en- 
joyed by all. 

The winter term has opened very 
encouragingly. The old students 
have all returned, save "about half a 
dozen. There have been additions. 
All are very studious and order-lov- 
ing. A greeting from President 
Lorenz was read, which was highly 
appreciated by all. Every word 
from the president was cherished. 



LITERARY SOCIETIES. 



Clionian Literary Society. 

Virtute et Fide. 



Miss Potts, a former member of 
our society, has returned to College 
during the present term, and is also 
taking an active part in society work. 

The names of Misses Mohn and 
Binkley have also been added to 
our list during the present term. 

Miss Bert Keifer was in town vis- 
iting Miss Millie Wiedman Bright- 
bill, February 8. 

Miss Elvira Stehman was called 
home to attend the funeral of her 
grandfather. 

An invitation has been extended 
and accepted by the Faculty to visit 
the Society February 8, at which 
time the following programme will 
be rendered : 

An Evening with Longfellow and Wliittier. 

MUSIC. 

Biography of Longfellow Miss Myers 

Longfellow at Home Miss ShenK 

Biography of Whittier Miss Erisman 

MUSIC. 

The Day is Done Miss Forney 

Recitation— Barbara Fritchie Miss Ei' D 

Recitation— The Psalm of Life Miss Kinn* 

Criticism of " Miles Standish" Miss MW'» 

MUSIC. 

The Bridge MissShaetfei' 

DEBATE. 

Resolved, That the Psalm of Life has benefit- 
ed the world more than Barbara Fritchie- 
Aff— Miss Josie Kreder. 
Neg.— Nora Steffey. 

Our Society at present is vert 
prosperous, having a membership °' 
twenty-eight, who deserve praise f° r 
acting so nobly their part whenever 
duty calls. But while we are gro ff ' 
ing in number we are not lacking & 
interest. More time and caref" 1 
study is being devoted to produc- 
tions for the literary exercises. # e ' 
bates and open discussions have b e ' 
come an interesting feature. Tb e 



f 



The 



THE COLLEGE FORUM. 



13 



trreat ocean of knowledge lies before 
us and we cannot but feel that our 
Society is not the least sure means 
f picking up golden grains. 

Kalozetean Literary Society. 

The work of this term has, thus 
far, Deen movm » along very nicely. 

The Censor has introduced several 
new performances which have in- 
creased the interest of the sessions. 

Arrangements have been made to 
decorate the hall, and thus it is 
hoped that new beauty and greater 
attraction will be added to it. 

In the coming Book reception it 
is desired, on the part of the mem- 
bers, that the Society be kindly 
remembered by ex-members and 
friends. Let us make it a success. 

The Gymnasium has been under- 
going repairs, and in a short time 
it is expected to be ready to meet 
the demands of an increased mem- 
bership, which at the present time is 
greater than it has been for some 
time. 

The twelfth anniversary which is 
catalogued for the 5th of April will, 
according to constitution, be held 
one week later, and will therefore be 
on the 12th of April, instead of the 
above date. 

Friday evening, February 1st, was 
spent with the Philokosmians. The 
Kalozeteans attended in a body, and 
were pleasantly entertained. 



Philokosmian Literary Society. 

" Esse quam Videri." 



The election of officers was held 
on the 18th ult. with the following 
result : 

President, C. F. Flook; Vice 
President, S. C. Enck ; Secretary, 
E. Keedy ; Treasurer, G. A. 
Doyle ; Critic, J. L. Keedy ; Corres- 
ponding Secretary, A. A. Long. 

The Society entered upon the 
work of this term with increased 
2 6al and energy. The programmes 
rendered thus far excel those of last 
term. 

On the 18th ult. our imaginations 
^ e re kindled by the description of 
tfl e Scenery of Scotland ; for our 
Programme consisted of subjects per- 
taining to the Scotch. It was deci- 
et ' that the Scotch mind is pre-emi- 
nently metaphysical. Dr. McCosh 
^as eulogized, especially by one of 
our speakers, in language which men 
n the flesh seldom receive. 
On Friday evening, the 25th ult., 
e took a tour through Japan. We 
served the result of the missionary 
j r k in that country, the customs 
a i 6 people, their literature, art, 
d j2 lail guage. We decided that the 
e rent denominations interested in 



the 



Missionary work of Japan should 



ut consolidate for effective work; 



that we should continue our present 
method of sending the Gospel to the 
nations who sit in darkness and in 
the Valley of the Shadow of Death, 
believing that Sectarianism is the 
bulwark of Protestantism. 

On Friday evening, 1st inst., we 
decided that brutes do not possess 
intelligence ; that the W. C. T. U. 
should be the leading element in 
placing the Prohibition Amendment 
before the people, and that James G. 
Blaine should be Secretary of State. 

We had reasons given why we are 
U. B., and heard a brief sketch of 
the life of Belva Lockwood, the de- 
feated candidate for the, Presidency, 
with other performances, interpersed 
with music, solemn and gay. 

Our number continues to increase ; 
several of the new students, after 
careful consideration, have joined 
our ranks and others are on the way. 
We extend a heart} r welcome to new 
students who are desirous to im- 
prove the talents and powers of mind 
with which they are endowed. 

Mr. H. G. Clair delivered two in- 
teresting and instructive sermons to 
the TJ. B. Congregation of Amity- 
ville, on the 13th ult. 

Mr. A. L. Shannon spent several 
Sabbaths in Clay, Lancaster co., Pa., 
assisting Rev. Kramer and the breth- 
ren of the U. B. Church in revival 
work, which resulted in the conver- 
sion of twenty-eight souls. 

Prof. Lehman paid us a visit on 
Friday evening, 25th ult. The Prof, 
always receives a hearty greeting, 
for we all anticipate an instructive 
address. Come again. 

The lecture, Heroism of St. Paul, 
delivered by the Hon. Thos. H. 
Murray, the evening of the 23d ult., 
was profitable and entertaining. It 
was scholarly and original and gave 
food for contemplation. 

He is a speaker of intelligence and 
force, and showed us the zeal and en- 
ergy that characterized the Life of 
St. Paul, wherein his eloquence dif- 
fered from the oratory of his day, 
and especially dwelt on the fact "that 
Paul was heroic in faith, in language, 
grand, pathetic and terrible." 

We are highly gratified to ac- 
knowledge a visit from the Kaloze- 
tean Literary Society on Friday 
evening, 1st inst. A friendly rela- 
tion exists between the two soci- 
eties, more so, probably, than at any 
other period in their history. This 
is as it should be. We can extend 
the hand of friendship to each other 
and yet be earnest and efficient 
workers in our respective places. 

The sociable held in the parlor on 
the 19th ult. by our senior Philokos- 
mian brethren was a decided suc- 
cess. They furnished amusement 
for all. After charades had been 
acted, they surprised all present, 
even the Faculty, by bestowing 



oranges, almonds, &c. They are to 
be commended for the interest they 
manifested to make both ladies and 
gentlemen enjoy each other's society. 
Why is it that some of our boys are 
so gay and bright when they call on 
special ladies on Saturday afternoon, 
but so extremely dull at sociables ? 

Mr. S. C. Enck filled the pulpit of 
the U. B. Church, in Belview, on 
Sunday, the 21th ult., and Mr. H. 
M. Miller on Sunday, the 3d inst. 

Mr. Jos. Dougherty ministered 
the word of life to the congregation 
of Amity ville on the 21th ult. 

Rev. S. D. Faust filled the pulpit 
of the U, B. Church, on Boas street, 
Harrisburg, on the 3d inst., in the 
absence of the pastor, Rev. H. C. 
Philips. 

Our nine Senior Philokosmian 
brethren were invited to dine at the 
home of Rev. Keedy, on Sheridan 
avenue, on the 15th ult. We are 
not able to give the bill of fare, but 
have learned that the repast was de- 
licious and palatable, no pains being 
spared by the mistress of the house- 
hold to have enough, and to spare. 
Indeed a conclusive argument that 
they fared sumptuously and kingly 
was recognized by all who noticed 
our brothers wend their way home- 
ward, taking shorter steps than 
usual , trembling lest some one might 
shake them ; and some of our boys 
even imagined they heard a still 
small voice proceed from within — 
gobble, gobble, gobble. 

MATHEMATICAL CORNER. 



All communications for this department 
should be addressed to Professor of 
Mathematics, Lebanon Valley 
College, Annville, Pa. 

The interest in the " Corner " has 
been quite unusual the last month. 
We have had at least half a dozen 
new contributors. We welcome them 
heartily. Solutions and new prob- 
lems have come in freely. We are 
glad that our friends are finding 
something of interest in this depart- 
ment. A friend from .Maryland 
signs himself "Yours Mathematical- 
ly/ 1 Wish we could take him by 
the hand; some day we may; until 
then let us hear from him often. 

Mathematics requires hard work 
generally, but it is an investment 
that yields large returns, in that it 
furnishes a thorough mental disci- 
pline and affords likewise the satis- 
faction that its principles as well as 
its results admit of clear and posi- 
tive demonstration ; it takes its 
votaries not into the region of un- 
certainty, of ifs and bids and per- 
hapses, but into a sphere of thought 
where every truth is either axiom- 
atic or capable of rigid demonstra- 
tion. 

Problem No. 14, December num- 
ber, is still unsolved. Who will un- 



14 



THE COLLEGE FORUM. 



dertake a solution ? It is a fair 
problem and some one will cany off 
the prize. We will continue it an- 
other month. No. 16, in January, 
was solved by a number of persons; 
so was No. 18. No. 17 is continued. 

SOLUTIONS. 

No. 16. 

Let 100 % =*■ selling price for each horse 
100 % -•!- 80 % = 125 % cost of first 
horse. 

100 % -e- 120 % = 83| % cost of second 
horse. 

125 % + 83± % = 208^ % cost of hoth 
horses. 

200 % = selling price of hoth 

horses. 

208A % — 200 % =8J % loss. 
8± %=$12. 
1 % = $1.44 
100 % = $144 selling price. 
125 % = $180 cost of first horse. 
83± % = $120 cost of second horse. 

H. M. Grimm, Trego, Md. 
Solved also by Prof. Geo. 8. Fisher, W. 
H. Washinger, and S. Cottrell. 
No. 18. 

GEOMETRIC PUZZLE. 

The accompanying figure will explain 
itself. 







Son. 


Father's Farm. 








Son. 




Son. 


Son. 



Solved by C. F. Flook, J. F. Yothers, 
C. E. Bowman, S. B. Wagner. 

PROBLEMS. 

No. 19. 

The interest on a sum of money for a 
certain time is $300, and the true discount 
is $240. What is the sum of money ? 

No. 20. 

A grocer bought 2 barrels of sugar, 240 
lhs. each, and retailed it, using a scale 
that weighed half an oz. short on each 
pound. Out of how much sugar did he 
cheat his customers ? 
No. 21. 

GEOMETRIC PUZZLE. 

A philosopher had a window a yard 
square, and it let in too much light. He 
blocked up one half of it, and still had 
a square window a yard high and a yard 
wide. How did he do it ? 

Query. — A friend desires the best 
(shortest and clearest) answer to the fol- 
lowing : Why invert the divisor and 
multiply when dividing a fraction by a 
fraction ? 



VOICES FROM THE PAST. 



Socrates' Heaven and the 
Way to it. 

From Plato's Phaedo. 

" And those who appear to have 
lived lives distinguished for holiness, 



these are they who, being freed and 
released from the confines of earth, 
just as from prison, ascending dwell 
in the pure abode above and abide 
in yonder land. And those of them 
who have purified themselves suffi- 
ciently by philosophy shall live with- 
out bodies for all time, and shall ar- 
rive at abodes still more beautiful 
than these which it is not easy to de- 
scribe, nor is there sufficient time at 
present. But it is necessary, on ac- 
count of the things which we de- 
scribe. O Simmias, to do everything 
so that we may acquire virtue and 
understanding in this life ; for the 
prize is noble and the hope is great. 
* * * * Therefore, on account 
of these things, it is right for a man 
to be confident in reference to his 
own soul, who has abstained from 
the pleasures and vain ornaments of 
the body, as being alien, and having 
believed them to do more evil than 
good, has devoted himself to the 
acquiring of knowledge ; and who, 
having adorned his soul not with 
anything alien, but with its own or- 
nament — with temperance, justice > 
courage, freedom and truth — thus 
awaits his transportation to the be- 
yond, as one prepared whenever 
destiny shall call. Therefore, you 
also, Simmias and Cebes, and the 
others, shall at some time depart. 
But now already destiny calls me, 
as a tragic poet would say, and the 
hour is near for me to repair to 
the bath ; for it seems to me to 
be better to drink the poison after 
having bathed myself, and not to 
give to the women the trouble of 
washing my dead body." 



SCIENCE. 



Astronomy for February. 

PLANETS. 

Venus can now be distinctly seen 
some time before sunset and nearly 
five hours afterwards. On the 18th, 
it will have reached its greatest 
distance from the sun. 

Saturn rises early in the evening, 
and will be a conspicuous object in 
the eastern sky during the evenings 
of the month. 

Mercury will be evening star du- 
ring the first half of the month and 
morning star during the latter half. 
It may be seen during the early part 
of the month, three-quarters of an 
hour after sunset, in the western sky. 

Mars is evening star and sets 
about three hours after the sun. It 
may be distinguished by its ruddy 
appearance. 

Jupiter is morning star, rising 
about four hours before the sun. 

Uranus is about 3° north of Spica 
and rises about 10 o'clock. 

Neptune is about 5° south of the 
pleiades. 

The moon makes only three changes 




during this month, the first quarter 
being on the tth, full moon on the 
15th, last quarter on 22d. This is 
somewhat unusual occurrence. The 
sun rises at tiOSon the first and 
at 5:19. 

CONSTELLATIONS. 

The following constellations of the 
zodiac can now be seen in the eve. 
ning between 8 and 10, beginning at 
the western horizon, and extendi^ 
to the eastern : Aquarius, Pisces, 
Aries, Taurus, Gemini, Cancer 
Leo, Orion, Canis Major, Canis 
Minor, Lepus and Columba, from a 
brilliant group in the eastern sky, 
No less than ten stars of about the 
first magnitude glitter in the eastern 
sky by 10 p. m. 

Usra Major has swung well around 
the pole and is beginning to ascend 
the eastern sky early in the evening, 
Perseus and Cassiopeia are west 
northwest. Aurya is approaching 
the meridian. Lyra, Antinus 
Cygnus are approaching the north 
western horizon early in the evening, 
Altogether a most gorgeous display 
of constellations which will repay 
the effort to search and trace out 

PHOTOGRAPHY. 

The latest novelty in the line of 
cameras is the Kodack,which for com- 
pactness and convenience takes the 
lead. The whole affair charged to 
take 100 pictures, weighs less 
two lbs. After making the 100 ex- 
posures, the camera can be sent to 
the Eastman Dry Plate and Film Co, 
of Rochester, N. Y., who will de- 
velop, print and mount the pictun 
(one of each), and again fill for an- 
other hundred exposures. This is 
great convenience to those who do 
not wish to develop their own work 
or who have not the time or inclifl* 
tion to do so. 

Science of Photography , published 
monthly by James W. Queen & Co« 
Philadelphia, is just what Photo- 
graphers, both professional and am- 
ateur, need to help them in the work 
The late number is before us, brim 
full of just the information needed 
keep its readers up to the very fr° D 
rank in photographic work, 
price is $1 per year. 



Meteorology for January. 

The month of January was rem* 
able for its high temperature, b el ?j 
higher than December. Also iotf 
absence of snow-fall, snow havM* 
fallen only during one day, and tb 
in comparatively small quantity- 



TEMPERATURE. 

Lowest. 



Average 

7 a. m, 26:09 

1 p.m., 35:61 

6 p.m., 33 

Whole month, 31:55 
Dec 31:2t 



20 
19 



BigUf 

43 
50 
47 
50 
53 




THE COLLEGE FORUM. 



15 



The face of the sky in 93 observa- 
tions showed 50 fair, IT overcast, 10 
cloudy; 14 rain and 2 snow. These 
observations were made at 1 a. m., 
1 p. m . and 6 p. m., each day during 
tiie entire month. 



Geology of Lebanon County. 

The geology of this county is in- 
teresting, lying as it does between 
the Carboniferous formation which 
touches it on the northeast and the 
trap dyke along the Lancaster line 
on the south. 

The northern part of the county, 
consisting of Cold Spring and the 
northern ends of East Hanover, 
Union, Swatara and Bethel town- 
ships, consists of Catskill, Upper 
Devonian, Lower Carboniferous, 
Chemung and Onondaga formations, 
including the Medina formations of 
the Blue Mountain range. 

The Hudson river shale and Utica 
Slate formations extend southward 
to within a short distance of the 
northern boundary of the Lebanon 
Yalley Railway. 

South of Jonestown are three 
longitudinal trap dykes, which run 
east and west through the slates and 
shale beds. 

Extending southward from the 
Lebanon Valley Railway, the large 
beds of Trenton limestone are found, 
reaching east and west through the 
whole width of the county, becoming 
broader towards the east and extend- 
ing in two narrow strips westward 
to the Susquehanna, between Harris- 
burg and Highspire. This Trenton 
limestone formation runs southward 
beyond Bismark and Cornwall to the 
South Mountain, which is made up 
of new red sandstone and trap dykes, 
along which are found the famous 
iron deposits ot Cornwall. 

East of Shsefferstown a triangular 
area of slate is noticeable, and at the 
extreme southeastern limit of the 
county is found a deposit of Pots- 
dam sandstone. 



My 21, 5, 7, 5, 31 is one of the 
mechanical powers. 

My 29, 18, 10, 16, 23, 24, 25, 26 is 
one of the commonest sources of 
electrical excitement. 

My 28, 24, 18, 5 the ancients con- 
sidered one of the four elements of 
nature. 

My 2, 6, 5 is the mineral mass 
from which metal is taken. 

My 10, 18, It, 26 is a useful metal. 

My 10, 21, 15, 24, 26, 5 is a useful 
substance discovered by M. Courtois, 
of Paris, in 1811. 

My whole is thought by some to 
be the most important scientific dis- 
covery of the century. 



The Rustic Mother to an L. V. C. Fresh, 
i. 

O, dearest Johnnie, Johnnie dear ! 

You can not but acknowledge 
You promised that you'd write to me, 

The minute you reached College, 
n. 

And now just thirty days have passed, 

And 1 have got your letter ; 
But oh ! I'm 'fraid you're getting fast 

Instead of growing better. 

in. 

You call your teacher quite a boar, 

You say your chum is tony, 
Forgetting that we're very poor, 

You 've gone and bought a pony. 

IV. 

And then you talk so funny, too, 

I think you are besotted, 
For when you have a horse yourself 

You say that you've been trotted. 

v. 

I told you, too, to study well, 

Let nothing else perplex, 
You tell me though you're digging hard 

And that you're sadly vexed. 

VI. 

Oh, tell me of that lovely girl ! 

How can she be a duck ? 
It really grieved me, though, to hear, 

That seeing you were struck. 

VII. 

Good bye, dear boy, don't mark nor mar, 

Work hard as you are able, 
And please, dear ! when you write again, 

Don't say you've cut the chapel. 



Scientific Enigma of 33 Letters. 

The following enigma was sent to 
the Science Corner by a friend in 
Pakota. Answers will be credited 
in the next number of the Forum : 

My 4, 11, 21, 15 is What a body is 
8a id to be when its particles cohere 
So that they cannot move among 
themselves. 

% 24, 3, 5, 6, 9, 10, 8 is one of 
the universal properties of matter. 

My 18, 22, 19, 20 describes bodies 
w ith large or numerous pores. 
, % 15, 5, 14, 4, 33 describes 
b °dies whose particles are close to- 
gether. 

% 31,33,4, 10,4, 23, 22, 26,1, 
° ls whatever opposes force. 
/% 32, 30, 6, 12, 20; 13 is a part 
01 the eye. 



Other specially artistic features of this 
number are Mr. Cole's engravings from 
the originals of Simone Memmi, with ac- 
companying articles by Mr. Stillman and 
Mr. Cole, in the series of "Old Italian 
Masters ;" also the fourth of Mrs. Mary 
Hallock Foote's Pictures of the Far 
West, "The Orchard Wind-Break." 

Two leading serial features of the num- 
ber are sustained in a particularly inter- 
esting installment of the "Life of 
Lincoln " and a Siberian chapter by 
George Kennan entitled "Exiles at 
Irkutsk." War subjects are continued 
in "Memoranda of the Civil War," the 
subjects being "The Battle of Franklin" 
and the " Canal at Island No. 10." 

"Slow-Burning Construction," by Mr. 
Edward Atkinson, of Boston, is an article 
of practical directions as to the construc- 
tion of buildings, partly fireproof, on the 
cheapest plan. 

" Revival of Hand Spinning and Weav- 
ing in Westmoreland" is a charmingly 
written account of a very curious indus- 
trial experiment which has recently been 
successful in England. 

In an illustrated article on "The Por- 
traits of Mary, Queen of Scots," Mr. 
Laurence Hutton has told briefly what is 
now known on this interesting subject. 

In Charles de Kay's series there is an 
illustrated article on "The Fairies and 
Druids of Ireland." 

Mr. Cable concludes the "Strange 
True Story" of " Francoise in Louisi- 
ana;" and Mrs. Catherwood concludes 
her " Romance of Dollard." A Southern 
story, "Two Negatives," is told by Mary 
Spear Tiernan ; and a pathetic Irish 
story, "Under the Redwood Tree," is 
told by George H. Jessop and illustrated 
by Kemble. 

The poems are by Kate Putnam 
Osgood, James Whitcomb Riley and 
Caroline Hazard, with a prose poem by 
Langdon Elwyn Mitchell. 

The "Topics of the Time" are "The 
Imperfections of American Law Pro- 
cedure," "Lynch Law as an Argument 
for Law Reform," "A Centennial His- 
torical Exhibition," and "French Mas- 
ter and American Art Students." 



READER'S CORNER. 



Libraries are the wardrobes of lit- 
erature, whence men, properly in- 
formed, might bring forth something 
for ornament, much for curiosity, 
and more for use.— Geo. Dyer. 

Books are the depository of every- 
thing that is most honorable to man. 
Literature, taken in all its bearings, 
forms the grand line of demarcation 
between the human and the animal 
kingdom. He that loves reading has 
everything within his reach. — God- 
win. 



Mid Winter( February) Century.— 
A remarkable feature of the Mid-Winter 
Century is the opening article on 
"Gerome," the famous French artist and 
trainer of artists. 




Office of the Board of Education, ) 
St. Paul, Minn., Nov. 26, 1888. S 

Miller Lock Co., Phila., Pa..— Gentlemen; 
I certify, with nleasure, that your "Champion 
Kevless Locks?' which have been thoroughly 
used and tried during the past year in the 
Chemical Laboratory Rooms of our High 
School have given perfect satisfaction. Easi- 
ly fitted, responsive to the combination as 
Adjusted, s"/e, and, best of all, utterly inde- 
pendent of keys or other contrivances liable 
toloss, theft, breakage, &c, these lockscannot 
fail to improve with better acquaintance." 
Very truly, OTTO DREHER, 
Sec'}/ Board Education. 

The Champion Keyless Locks are made 
for Drawer, Desk, Chest, Box, etc. For sam- 
ple Catalogue, etc., please address the manu- 
facturers, nILLBn LOCK CO., Philadelphia. 



i 



16 



THE COLLEGE FOEUM. 





FOR GENTLEMEN. 

What to buy for gentlemen, is a question 
that, to many, is puzzling and ofttimes hard 
to solve ; now we can help you to answer it 
very satisfactorily, and quite to your liking 
by suggesting the following articles suitable 
to the needs of men, and ask your careful 
inspection : 

Come and See, whether you buy or not. 

NECKWEAR, the largest and best stock in 
Reading. 

MUFFLERS, in Silk, Cashmere and Wool. 
HANDKERCHIEFS, in newest designs. 
HOSIERY, in Wool. Merino, and Cotton. 
GLOVES, for Driving, Working and Dress. 

" in immense variety. 
SUSPENDERS, in Fancy Boxes and otherwise 
SHIRTS for Full Dress. Business. 

" for Men and Boys. 
UNDERWEAR, the best fitting. 

" the best and cheapest. 

AN ELEGANT PRESENT for a Gentle- 
man, one of our English Smoking or Break- 
fast Jackets. They are perfect beauties, and 
you should see them. The price is low. 
Then we have a full and complete line of 
UMBRELLAS, CARDIGAN JACKETS, 
HATS AND CAPS for Men and Boys, 
FUR CAPS, FUR TURBANS, 

in fact everything found in a well-stocked 
Men's Furnishing Goods Store. The prices 
are low. We can convince vou of this, when 
you come. 

X. X. SPRECHER & CO., 

537 PENN SQUARE, READING, PA. 



Reverting Fund 



Rates of Advertising in the Col- 
lege Forum. 

1 year. 9 mo. 6 mo. 3 mo. 1 mo 
, $36 00 $28 00 $20 00 $12 00 $7 00 



1 page 

X page ... 20 0D 

% p. or col. . 15 Of) 

\i page ... 12 00 

% column . . 9 00 

% column . 5 00 



16 00 
.12 00 
10 00 
7 00 
4 00 



12 00 8 00 5 00 

9 00 6 00 4 00 

7 00 6 00 3 00 

5 00 3 00 2 00 

3 00 2 00 1 00 



LEMBERGERS 

COMPOUND 

liOEKjXGKS 



-FOR- 



COUGHS, COLDS, SORE THROAT, 

Are pronounced the Best. Prepared 
and sold only by 

JOS. L. LEMBERGER, 

DRUGGIST, 

Ninth, Near Cumberland, Lebanon, Fenna. 

25 Cents a Box. 

Try th««e before using any other kind. 



ASSOCIATION. 



GUARANTEE, • • ■ $1,009,000 00 



It Is conducted on the REVERTING FUND 
SYSTEM. 

Meets with popular favor wherever intro- 
duced. Embodies the cheapness of the "AS- 
SESSMENT PLAN" and the security of the 
" LEVEL PREMIUM PLAN." 

Is Superior and unlike any other plan of 
Life Insurance. Affords the same benefits in 
case of death as that of any other Insurance, 
and is the only system that guarantees the 
insured a benefit at stated periods during 
life in excess of the premiums paid. 

Actuaries and insurance men generally 
pronounce it the "acme" of insurance plans. 

Plan circulars will be mailed to any one on 
request. 

General and Soliciting Agents wanted 
throughout the United States. Terms su- 
perior to those offered by any other company. 
Address, 

H. V. M0HN, Pres't. 

15 North Fifth Street, 

Reading, Penn'a. 



DR. KRUMM, 

AT THE 

Drug Store, 223 North 6th St., 

READING, X»A. 

Treats with great success all chronic dis- 
eases of both sexes. Patients thorough- 
ly examined and the true nature of the 
disease and possibility of cure truthfully 
disclosed. 

Cancers and Tumors removed without 
the knife by a new and speedy process. 

All Chronic Diseases (excepting can- 
cer) treated at the rate of from $3 to $10 
per month. 

All Medicines furnished and prepared 
by the doctor. Everything strictly confi- 
dential. Consultation free. 



First-Class Work. 
Satisfaction Guaranteed. 
Moderate Prices. 

The WeW In 
# printing Houge. 

O^r establishment is fully equipped with 
Material and Printing Machinery with 
special regard to the prompt execution, in 
any style, of all orders for books, newspaper- 
work, catalogues, price-lists, and every style 
ot commercial printing. Sale bills and post- 
ers a specialty. We have just added num- 
bering, perforating, eyeleting and other ma- 
chinery, as well as a number of new tvne 
fa ( . ce ?A. wh,ch ' together with our large variety 
of different qualities of paper, give us unsur- 
passed facilities. Estimates furnished Or- 
ders will receive prompt attention. 

3 S. Queen St., Lancaster, Pa. 

WARfEL & GEIST, PROPRIETORS. 



W. O. HERR, 

ANNVILLE, PA. 



Farmers' and Builders' Hardware, Paints 
Oils, Shovels, Bakes, Forks, Pumps, Hoes 
and Chains, Baby Carriages, Express 
Wagons, and All Kinds of Lamps. 



EVERYTHING IN THE 



—GO TO — 

FRANTZ & BRO S 

l FOR YOUR 

HATS, CAPS 



-AXD- 



Gents' Furnishing Goods. 

The Largest Assortment in the City of 
Lebanon. 

JIo. 775 Cumberland Street. 



LEBANON, PA. 



1680. 



1885, 



J. H. MILLER, 

General Insurance Agent 

S. W. Cor. 8th « Willow Sts, 

LEBANOM, PA. 



All Companies First-Class. 



3m 



C. SHENK, 

DEALER IN 

FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC 

Dry Goods, 

NOTIONS, Etc., 

814 Cumberland St., 

LEBANON, PA- „„ 



€ allege $mnm 

Lebanon Valley College 



VOL. II. No. 3. 



ANNVILLE, PA., MARCH, 1889. 



Whole No. 15. 



EDITORS. 

FACULTY. 
Rev. E. S. Lorknz, A. M., B. D., President. 
H. Clay Deanek, A. M., Professor of Latin. 
Geo. W. Bowman, A. M., Professor of Science. 
J . E . Lehman, A.M., Professor of Mathematics. 
Rev. VV. S. Ebebsole, A. M., Professor of Greek. 

Miss Alice M. Evers, B. S., 

Professor of Instrumental Music. 

Miss Ella Smith, M. A., 

Professor of Vocal Culture. 

Miss Etta U. Hott, Ph. B., 

Professor of English Language. 
Miss F. Adelaide Sheldon, Professor of Art. 



ASSOCIATE EDITORS 
Clionian Society— Miss Loula S. Funk. 
Philokosmian Soc'y— Rev. W. H. Washtngeu. 
Kalozetean Society— J. T. Spangler. 



PUBLISHING AGENT. 
Rev. M. O. Lane, Financial Agent. 



All communications or items of news 
should be sent to the President. Subscrip- 
tions should be sent to the Publishing 
Agent. 

THE COLLEGE FORUM will be sent 
monthly for one year on receipt of tiventy- 
ftve cents. Subscriptions received at any 
time. 

For terms of advertising, address the 
Publishing Agent. 



Entered at the Post Office at Annville, Pa., 
as second-class mail matter. 



EDITORIAL. 



With this issue a number of sub- 
scriptions expire. We trust they 
w iU renew at once. The monthly 
visit of The Forum has done you 
"Hich good, and given you opportu- 
nities to know what your sons and 
daughters and your friends are do- 
ln g- Make us glad, once, twice and 
thrice, by renewing your own sub- 
scription and securing the subscrip- 
tion of several of your friends. 



In America there are 150,000 stu- 
dents. Every year 30,000 become 
active citizens. What a power is 
set at work ! The influence of this 
e and force which enters both pub- 
c and private vocations can not be 
Measured. It is the permanency 
^ D( l Hfe-blood of our institutions, 
acts prove that j'oung men rule 
hls country. If these 30,000 were 



thorough^ consecrated and devoted 
to Christianity, who could estimate 
the good they would exert ? 



The demand for ministers in our 
church is greater than the supply. 
The conferences that have recently 
met prove the sad fact. Even more, 
that there are not as many young 
men entering the ministry, in pro- 
portion to those who enter other 
professions, as there were in the 
past. We cannot be blind to these 
facts. It does not prove that young 
men are less consecrated. The fact 
is that the young men of the church 
were never more aggressive, well- 
grounded and professed Christians. 
But why ? Let the church offer a 
solution. 



Rev. Russell H. Con well, of 
Philadelphia, is truly a philanthro- 
pist. As an orator, he is without a 
peer ; as a man unpretentious, yet a 
real example of a king. He gives 
all he makes lecturing (commanding 
from $100 to $150 per night) to 
Temple College, Philadelphia, for ed- 
ucating indigent young men. He is 
rich — not in means, but in the grace 
of God. What a noble example of 
consecrated life to God and human- 
ity ! If we only had more such 
men ! Let those who have been 
blessed with wealth — be it talents 
or money — seriousky consider how 
much God will demand from them, 
as His stewards. 

President Lorenz and family re- 
turned Saturday evening, March 2nd. 
He stood the trip fairly well. The 
inclement weather that followed 
rather depressed him. The bright 
sunshine of Wednesday following 
has given him new life. His condi- 
tion is improved as far as muscular 
strength and weight are concerned, 
but in nervous force and power of 



endurance the gain is small. Still 
he is better. He will not be able to 
give attention to his regular work. 
However, he will look in upon the 
work and give directions, but will 
give most of his time to the regain- 
ing of his nerve force. His return 
was greeted by all. Students re- 
joice that he is again with them. 
The College has received a new in- 
spiration. Every one felt like giv- 
ing a " hurrah," and silently did. 
" Absence makes the heart grow 
fonder," but faintly expresses the 
deep feeling of every heart. 

Day by day all are building. The 
materials — mind, talents — are pre- 
cious gifts. God gave them. The 
giving presupposes an obligation to 
a S3^mmetrical development. The giv- 
ing makes us not men. An acorn is 
not an oak. It contains the embryo, 
the tree only as a germ. Humidity 
and sunshine givelife,produce growth 
and maturity. The storm furnishes 
texture. To appear a man and to 
be one is quite different. The beau- 
tiful wax figures at the national cen- 
tennial had all the appearance of 
living men; but their* life-like ap- 
pearance did not make them men. 
Man with mind is not a man, but 
is like a tree without fruit. The 
tree is not the fruit, yet the tree pro- 
duces the fruit. So man with mind 
must produce a man, develop him- 
self. The mind is his tablet. He 
must write thereon, imprint the im- 
age, carve and bring out the sum of 
qualities, his character, moral excel- 
lence. In the building, the mould- 
ing, and engraving a few terms, 
or even years, at college will be most 
helpful. These years are the forma- 
tive period. The surroundings will 
be most favorable for securing the 
harmony and beauty of both mind and 
heart. The hours are perishing, and 
are charged to our account. Time 



18 



THE COLLEGE FORUM. 



means the present. Act at once. We 
hove that which will give large profit. 
We are to decide whether we will 
he poor or rich. That would be a 
sad end, that amid abundance to 
starve to death, to thwart the pur- 
pose of God. Get capital that will 
move the marts of the world. 



Within the past few 3-ears the 
growth and development of Christian 
character among the students of our 
colleges and educational centres has 
been especially marked. Through 
a more perfect organization and 
systematized endeavor the work has 
been more efficient. Results have 
been wonderful. Students have 
grown in grace. Lives have been 
consecrated and given to the Lord. 
It is but the beginning of that large 
and full awakening which the future 
will bring. It was a lamentable fact 
that in our oldest colleges, such as 
Yale, Harvard, Princeton, and Cor- 
nell, a few years ago, only a few 
assembled for praj'er and study of 
the word of God. The tendencies 
were towards skepticism and reli- 
gious indifference. To-day a large 
number of the students are engaged 
in aggressive Christian work. The 
primitive idea of these educational 
centres has become the ruling prin- 
ciple. They were established for 
Christ and the Church, to maintain 
a purer Christianity and to supply 
the Church with learned and able 
preachers of the Word. Hundreds 
of students are not only professed 
followers of Christ, but are entering 
the ministerial fields and becoming 
missionaries. 2930 young ladies 
and gentlemen of our colleges have 
pledged themselves to go to foreign 
fields of labor when they complete 
their course of study. Over one 
hundred are already in the field. 
From Lebanon Valley College seven 
have pledged themselves. What 
reasons for rejoicing and thanksgiv- 
ing ! Of the 216 students at Leba- 
non Yalley College last year, only 
25 had no church relations. 

The present spiritual condition of 
students is high. Our own church 
needs more workers. Recruits are 
needed in the ministerial ranks ; 
more consecrated and trained young 
men to divide the word. The cry, 
" come, come," the church must heed. 



There must be earnest prayer by the 
church that the Lord will send work- 
ers, for the harvest is ripe. That 
from the schools of our church many 
may be called to enter the ministr}', 
and be consecrated to the service of 
Christ. Consecrated pulpits and 
consecrated pews are a tremendous 
power in behalf of Christianity, and 
are the levers that will move the 
Church and tbe State. 



Greeting to President. 

Oh, Muse inspire our youthful mind 

With wisdom from above, 
And joy not of an earthly kind 

To greet the man we love ! 

Our hearts do throb with gratitude 
To welcome you once more ; 

To greet you in a happy mood 
With open hand and door. 

We welcome you, delightful guest, 

Unto our ranks again ; 
And may your mind in quiet rest, 

Which long lias been in pain. 

But greater still than these can be 
Our hearts so full and free, 

Overflowing with love and sympathy 
That we can welcome thee. 

We longed for you, we prayed for thee, 
And God has answered prayer. 

Thy power again may we soon see 
And consolations share. 

To find you in your dwelling place, 

Delivered from distress, 
With vigorous health and smiling face, 

Great joy our hearts express. 

Oh, may we all alike rejoice 
And chant the name of Him 

Who lei s us hear your gentle voice 
Which t'all consolation bring. 

Let us praise the King of Kings, 
For He has answered prayer ; 

And come with healing in his wings, 
Removing pain and care. 

Oh, may a flood of sunshine Cc me 

Into your liappy home, 
And let the name of God be sung 

With praises evermore ! 

— //. 



William Berry Bodenhorn. 

Professor William Berry Boden- 
horn, A. M., Superintendent of the 
public schools of Lebanon county, 
died in Annville, at the residence of 
his brother-in-law, ex-County Com- 
missioner II. H. Ehrman, March 4, 
1889, aged 44 years, 8 months and 3 
days. His illness dates from March, 
1888, when he was in a severe bliz- 
zard, while visiting schools. Ever 
since he was a sufferer. In October 
he took his bed. Several times he 
convalesced sufficiently to be about 
his room, but was not able to give 
attention to the duties of*his office. 
During the hxst few weeks of his ill- 
ness his suffering was very great 
yet he bore it with Christian forti- 
tude and submission. He died of 
emphysema of the lungs. His 



schools were very dear to him, an 
even up to a short time of his death 
he manifested an unusual interest 
and care. They were a part of big 
life. They were the last thing be 
had to give up. 

He attended the old Academy u 
der Mr. Balsbaugh ; then complet 
the Scientific course of Leban 
Yalley College in 1869, it being t 
first class of the College. In 181 
he received the degree of Master 
Arts in cursu. 

He began to teach in Dauph" 
county at the age of sixteen. H 
taught twelve years in this count 
including a four 3-ears' term - 
Principal of the Annville Hi 
School and five .years as tutor i 
Lebanon Yalley College. 

In May, 1875, he was elected Su- 
perintendent, and at the time of his 
death was filling his fifth successive 
term. Hence, he was Superintend- 
ent nearly fourteen years. 

He wrote a " History of Lebanon 
County " by request of the State 
Department of Education, which was 
of special merit. 

He delivered lectures on the Nor- 
mal course at the College during tbe 
past few years, and always took a 
deep interest in the cause of educa- 
tion. In his death we have had a 
great loss. Some weeks before bis 
death, when asked, if health would 
permit, whether he would lecture 
to the Normal class, he replied: 
" Yes ; T want to do all I can for you. 
Nothing will give me more pleasure. 
It is a duty I was unable to do last 
year, because of ill health ; I'm 
glad for the opportunity to help tbe 
College." He has done us a great 
honor by the standing he has won as 
a leading educator of the State. 

The schools of Lebanon county 
will miss him. He made them what 
they are. His labors were untiring. 
He could not do enough for them. 
The teachers found in him a kind 
and sympathetic friend. He coun- 
seled them as a tender father. He 
won their respect and love. His 
life has been sacrificed for ennobling 
the young. He lives in the hearts 
of his many friends. His work has 
been well done. He has gone to his 
reward. His works do follow hi* 

The schools on the day of his 
funeral were closed, and teachers ^ 
tended in a body. _ The Faculty 
students also attended. 11. c. IR- 
RESOLUTIONS. 

Whereas, It has pleased our Heaven- 
ly Father to call from labor to reward o« r 
esteemed friend, Prof. W. B. BodenborO. 
the efficient Superintendent of the scho )* 
of Lebanon county, an alumnus of 
institution and a faith fu> co-workei' 1 
the field of education, the Faculty 
Lebanon Valley College, in session 
6, 1889, adopted the following resolution*" 

1st. That our Alumnal Association 
lost one of its most prominent and 1>° 
ored members. 



THE COLLEGE FORUM. 



19 



id 
tli 
sst 
lis 
he 

in. 

ed 
on 
ha 
fl) 
of 



2nd. That we have lost a faithful friend, 
a valuahle counselor and an earnest co- 
laborer in our Normal work. 

3rd. That the cause of education in 
Lebanon county and this State has been 
deprived of one of its most able and de- 
voted toilers. 

4tli. That we extend to the bereaved 
family and friends our heartfelt sym- 
pathy. 

5tb. That these resolutions be recorded 
in minutes, and a copy sent to the family 
and published in the Annville Journal 
and The College Forum. 

W. S. Ebersole, 
J. E. Lehman, 

Committee. 



Normal Department. 

The facilities at Lebanon Valley 
College for Normal students next 
term, Avhich begins April 1st and 
continues eleven weeks, will excel 
any hitherto offered. No better fa- 
cilities will be given anywhere. The 
course embraces all the branches 
taught in our public schools, and 
upon which teachers are examined, 
opportunities for studying higher 
branches, music and drawing, a corps 
of twelve instructors, a list of lec- 
turers whose success in the educa- 
tional work has won for them a lead- 
ing place among the educators of the 
State. 

The Faculty will be assisted by 
Profs. Batdorf and Stauffer, who not 
only have had large experience in 
teaching, but have won an enviable 
reputation in Normal class work. 
Both are Normal graduates, and are 
teachers qualified by nature and 
superior Normal training. Dr. Raub, 
late Principal of Lock Haven Nor- 
mal School, said, at the time of Prof. 
Stau ffer's graduation, that he had 
not a superior in his class in abilities 
an d qualification. Prof. Bodenhorn 
said of both Profs. Stauffer and Bat- 
doi'f. that they are good scholars 
a nd first class teachers, and have al- 
ways had eminent success. B. F. 
.Shaub, Ph. D., Principal of State 
A °nnal School, of Millersville, said 
of Prof. Batdorf, that he is a thor- 
° u gh scholar, a wide-awake and effi- 
ji'ent teacher, with years of success- 
W experience. Anything he mav 
aa <iertake to do he will do well. 

Mrs. Stevens, sister of President 
^°renz, will assist in the Normal 
J?*- She is a graduate of Otter- 
jem University, and has had five 
)W8 experience in Normal work, 
S l . excellent success. At present 
J e is doing post-graduate work at 
" e hesley. 

( kn| le orma l students will come in 



the p. 



contact with the "members of 



oth er 



lion- lue »n 

J 



acuity in one relation or an- 
■ Contact with the Faculty 
the Stlulc ! nts of the College will give 
%T ^ ins P' ration which will be a 
tij ein l2in g force and of great value to 

e wave secured the co-operation 



of lecturers of high standing in edu- 
cational circles. Dr. E. E. Higbee, 
State Superintendent.needsno words 
of recommendation. His ability as 
an educator is universally recog- 
nized and appreciated. 

Prof. Henry Houck, the genial 
Deputy State Superintendent, whose 
smiles and humor have been greeted 
year by year, will be with us. All 
may expect good suggestions, sand- 
wiched with fun. 

Prof. R. H. McNeal, Superintend- 
ent of Dauphin county, we gladly 
welcome, because of his timely re- 
marks, which are always profitable 
to the teachers. 

Prof. J. Hi Snoke, Sup't of Leba- 
non county, who did such efficient 
work in our Normal department last 
vear, Avill be welcomed by all of his 
old pupils. 

Prof. J. H. Kurtzenknabe, of Har- 
ri*burar, the author of " Music at 
Sight," will both lecture and con- 
duct model drills. He is very genial 
and pratical, and his work will be of 
inestimable help in understanding 
the rudiments of music and la}dng 
well its principles. 

The Faculty will give weekby lec- 
tures that will supplement the teach- 
er's work. Every effort will be 
made to prepare the teacher to do 
efficient work in the school room. 
An Institute will be held. Teachers 
will assist and take part in discus- 
sions on topics germane to the teach- 
ers' work. 



MATHEMATICAL CORNER. 



All communications for this department 
should be addressed to Professor of 
Mathematics, Lebanon Valley 
College, Annville, Pa. 

Love is guilty of some strange 
freaks, and when it enters the do- 
main of mathematical science its 
wa} r s are sometimes " past finding 
out." The following illustrates a 
curious violation of the rules of 
arithmetic : 

love's arithmetic. 

She was one and I was one, 

Strolling o'er the heather ; 

Yet before the year was done 

We were one together. 

Love's a queer arithmetician — 

In the rufe of his addition 

He lays down the proposition, 

One and one make one. 

She and I, alas, are two, 

Since unwiseiy mated ! 

Having nothing else to do, 

We were separated. 

Now, 'twould seem that by this action 

Each was made a simple fraction ; 

Yet 'tis held in Love's subtraction 

One from one leaves two. — Ex. 

The February number of The 
Forum was issued so late that there 
has been very little time for our 
friends to respond to the problems 
in last number. We will continue 
some of them another month, and 
hope to get solutions soon. 



We hope, also, to get The Forum 
out a little more promptly hereafter. 

SOLUTIONS. 

No. 19. 

$300— $240=$60 diff. bet. dis. and int. 

$240 gain $60. 

$4 will gain $1. 
Hence to gain $300 it will take $1200. 
Ans. W. H. Washinger. 

No. 20. 

240X2X16 == 7680 oz. bought. 
240X2X15^ = 7440 oz. sold. 
7680 -7440 = 240 oz. gained. 
240-=-16 = 15 lbs., the amount out of 
which he cheated his customers. 

Albert S. Myers. 



4oz. 



r lb. 



Hence the false weight equals || of a lb, 
and he will sell 240X2H-f^=49o|f rf). 
495i|— 480=15 L»rb, amount out of which 
he cheats his customers. 

W. H. Washinger. 

No. 20 was also solved by Jno. W. 
Owen, who agrees in his solution 
with Albert S. Myers. 

With withhold our opinion until 
we may hear from more of our cor- 
respondents. 

GEOMETRIC PUZZLE. 




c a d 

A, B, C, D, represents the window 
a yard square, and a, b, c, d, repre- 
sents the square window a yard hia;h 
and a yard wide, which is evidently 
only half as large as the original win- 
dow. R. S. Harp. 

Solved also by J. E. Kletfman. 

problems. 

No. 21. 

Invested $f0,000 ; sold out at a loss of 
20% ; how much must I borrow at 4%, so 
that by investing all I have at 18 % I may 
retrieve my loss ? 
No. 22. 

A boat goes 16^ miles an hour down 
stream, and 10 miles an liour up stream ; 
if it is 22^ hours longer in coming up 
than in going down, how far did it go ? 

The query has not yet been an- 
swered, and is continued until next 
month. 



Personals. 

[ Any announcement of personals in So- 
ciety items will not be repeated here.] 

Mrs. Walmer, while visiting her 
son Harry, stopped at Rev. M. O. 
Lane's. 

Mrs. Sneath and little George, of 



20 



Cainbridgeport, Mass., are visiting- 
Mrs. George Mark, mother of Mrs. 
Sneath. George has been ill. It is 
hoped that the salubrious clime of 
Pennsylvania will restore his health. 

Miss Hott and Rev. M. 0. Lane 
were at the Virginia Conference. 

Professor Ebersole addressed the 
Young Mens' Association of our 
church on the second Sabbath of 
this month. 

Rev. D. D. Lowery, our new pas- 
tor, was with us on the first Sabbath 
of the month. He received a warm 
welcome from the church and stu- 
dents. 

Miss Mame Imbodenden, who is 
taking the musical course, has been 
very ill with pleurisy. She is conva- 
lescing, and will be able to resume 
her studies the latter part of the 
month. 

Mr. Geo. R. Shenk, class of '87, 
spent Washington's birthday at 
home. 

Misses Hott and Shafmer visited 
Lebanon the 17th ult., and heard 
Bishop Castle preach in the Salem 
Church. 

Mrs. A. H. Rice visited her 
daughter Lillie. During her stay 
she stopped with Mrs. Faust. 

Miss Hott, Professors Bowman, 
Lehman and Ebersole and Rev. 
Lane attended the East Pennsylva- 
nia Conference. Prof. Bowman and 
Rev. Lane the Pennsylvania Confer- 
ence. 

During the last of February, the 
mother, sister and a cousin of Harry 
M. Miller visited the college. 

Mr. C. Smith, father of Miss 
Smith, was critically ill with sore 
throat the last of the past month, 
but has entirely convalesced. 

Miss Carrie Letterman has taken 
the examination for the Blue Seal of 
the B. N. U. during the past month. 

Mr. A. A. Long, who was a mem- 
ber of the class of '88, B. X. TJ., and 
who was unable to take the final ex- 
amination because suddenly called 
home by the illness of his father, 
has taken the examination, and re- 
ceived his diploma. 

On the 9th ult., Prof, and Mrs. 
Deaner were suddenly called to his 
father's home to attend the funeral 
of his grandmother. 

Rev. D. D. Keedy has been con- 
fined to the house with a severe at- 
tack of biliousness. He has suf- 
ficiently recovered to be about. If 
no unforeseen difficulties arise he will 
soon be able to resume his pastoral 
duties. 

Mr. Samuel Fisher and family 
from Berne were visiting Professor 
and Mrs. Lehman on the 9th and 
10th inst. 



To unceasing industry nothing is 
impracticable that is not physically 
impossible. 



THE COLLEGE FORUM. 



KATAKEKOMMENA. 



Sister Altman presented to the 
Library a Discipline of pur church, 
published in 1826. It' is both in 
English and German. It was the 
dying request of Bro. Altman that 
it should be given to the Library. 
We highly appreciate it. Some of 
our rarest books were secured by 
Bro. Altman. His labors are still 
fresh in our minds. 

The prospects for a large number 
of students in the Normal Depart- 
ment are very encouraging. Daily 
letters are received from those who 
expect to attend. 

Miss Evers, who was at Boston the 
past few months, has returned. She 
comes to her work full of inspiration. 
The ladies gave her a unique recep- 
tion. Every feature was sub rosa(?). 
The S. S. I. know how to show an 
expression of good will. 

The earthquake was distinctly felt 
in town. Some of the books in Prof. 
Deaner's library were partially re- 
moved from the shelves. In other 
homes the dishes rattled, and tables 
creaked. 

The necrology of the Alumni du- 
ring the twent} T -three years of the 
college's existence has been only one, 
Mrs. Clemmie Ulrich Ragle, class 
of '70, up to the close of 1888. Since 
the beginning of the present year, 
there have been two, Rev. J. W. Os- 
born, Ph.D., class '74, and Prof. W. 
B. Bodenhorn, A.M., class of '69. 

The Harry Sisters, of Carlisle, 
gave an entertainment in the college 
chapel Thursday evening, March 7, 
'89, for the benefit of the Gleaners' 
Mission Band of the TJ. B. Church 
in this place. A goodly audience 
was present and a snug little sum 
was realized. 

Rev. Walter 0. Mills, of Chicago, 
delivered a lecture in the college 
chapel Saturday evening, Feb. 23d. 
Owing to the late announcement the 
audience was small. But the friends 
of the Prohibition Amendment lis- 
tened with interest to the arguments 
of Mr. Mills. He voiced the senti- 
ments of many workers for temper- 
ance reform in stating that all license 
measures are not adequate restric- 
tion against this great evil, and as 
Constitutional Prohibition has been 
the most effectual means thus far, it 
should receive our hearty support. 

On Monday^ February 25, Dr. J. 
W. Hott, editor of the "Religious 
Telescope," visited his daughter, 
Miss Etta R. Hott, of the English 
Department He spoke in the even- 
ing to a goodly number of students 
and friends. The necessity of edu- 
tion was his theme, and he strove to 
impress on all the advantage of 
thoroughly preparing ourselves for 
our life work. His words of practi- 
cal advice were appreciated by all. 



Miss Hott's special charge — the 
young ladies of the ball — enjoyed 
the pleasure of meeting him anfl 
listening for an hour to his pleasant 
conversation, both grave and gay, 
On Tuesday morning he conducted 
chapel services, and in a few words 
expressed his pleasure at being with 
us, and left us with the wish we give 
to all the friends of our work here, 
that they come again and again. 



An Afternoon in Music Hall, 
Boston. 

Standing on Tremont Street and 
looking down Hamilton Place, may 
be seen a plain and lofty brick wail 
without ornament or pretentious 
architecture of any sort. This build- 
ing is Boston Music Hall, one of the 
noblest public halls in the world, 
and the pride of all lovers of music 
in Boston. 

The architectural beauty of the 
inside of the hall is interesting. The 
fine statue of Apollo, the admirable 
casts presented by Miss Charlotte 
Cushman and placed within the 
walls, and above all the magnificent 
statue of Beethoven, by Crawford, 
deserve the attention of eveiy visi- 
tor to the hall. Dr. Holmes has well 
said, " it is a kind of passive musical 
instrument, or at least a sounding 
board constructed on theoretical 
principles." This spacious structure 
will seat over 3000 persons. One is 
safe in affirming that in no other 
hall in the country have so many 
and so choice programmes of music 
been performed. 

It was on Friday, January 11, at 
2:30, that the Boston Symphony Or- 
chestra gave their XIII programme 
of this season. Beethoven's Pasto- 
rale was rendei'ed and analyzed as 
follows : 

1. (Allegro ma non troppo), Awa- 
kening of cheerful feelings on arriv- 
ing in the country. 

2. (Andante molto moto), Scene 
by the brook. 

3. (Allegro), Merry gathering oi 
country people. 

4. (Allegro), Storm — Tempest. 

5. (Allegretto), Herdman's Song : 
Blithe and thankful feelings afte 1 
the tempest. 

The following poetic synopsis of 
the Pastoral Symphony is by # el ' 
lioz : This astonishing landscape 
scene is composed hy Pcussin an 
drawn by Michael Angelo. E cC ' 
thoven wishes inthis sixth sympb° n - 
to depict the tranquillity of tu 
country, the peacefid life of sh e P 
herds. He characterizes the fi lS . 
movement "sweet sensations inspi re ,, 
by the sight of a smiling landscap^ 
Shepherds move about on the mea 
ows with their nonchalant gait; t' ie r 
pipes are heard afar and near ; r *j 
ishing phrases caress your ears 



is of 
Bet- 
cape 
and 
Bee- 
.ion)' 
■ tb« 
ihep- 
first 
,ired 
ipft 
lea* 
the' 1 ' 

le- 



THE COLLEGE FORUM. 



21 



liciously , like perfumed morning 
breezes, flocks of chattering birds 
g« over your heads, and now and 
then the atmosphere seems laden 
with vapors, heavy clouds flit across 
the face of the sun, then suddenly 
disappear, and its ra}'S cast upon 
field and forest torrents of dazzling 
splendor. These are the impressions 
most persons experience on hearing 
the piece. 

Next is a scene on the bank of a 
brook — Contemplation : Beethoven, 
without doubt, created this admi- 
rable adagio reclining on the grass, 
his eyes uplifted to heaven, ears in- 
tent, fascinated by the thousand va- 
rying hues of light and sound, look- 
iug at and listening at the same time 
to the "white scintillating ripple of the 
brook that breaks its waves o'er the 
pebbles of its shores. How de- 
licious ! 

In the next movement — allegro — 
the poet carries us into the midst of 
a happy gathering of peasants. They 
dance and laugh, at first with moder- 
ation, the bagpipes play a gay air, 
.accompanied by a bassoon which can 
play but two notes. Beethoven 
doubtless intended to characterize a. 
good old German peasant mounted 
on a cask, with a dilapidated old in- 
strument, from which he can only 
draw two notes in the key of F, the 
dominant and the tonic. Every 
time that the oboe strikes up the 
bagpipe song, fresh and ga} r as a 
young girl in her Sunday clothes, the 
old bassoon comes in puffing his two 
notes; when the melodic phrase 
modulates the bassoon shuts up, 
counts tranquilly his rests rintil the 
original key pei'mits him to come in 
*ith his imperturbable f-c-f. This ef- 
fect, so charmingly grotesque, gener- 
ally fails to be noticed by the pub- 
he- The dance becomes animated ; 
] t becomes noisy, furious. 

The rhythm changes ; a course 
phrase in two beats announces the 
arrival of mountaineers, with their 
heavy wooden shoes. The dance 
bt *omes a medley, a rush ; the 
Women's hair begins to fly and 
flutter over their shoulders, for the 
Mountaineers have brought in their 
n oisy and boozy gayety ; they clap 
™ e jr hands, they yell, they run, and 
lush furiously, raging . . . when a 
guttering of thunder in the distance 
^uses a sudden fright in the midst 
, the dance. Surprise and con- 
jugation seize the dancers, and 
tfte y seek safety in flight. 
^Storm ! Lightning ! I despair of 
ln .g able to give an idea of this 



Wen 




' e - Listen to those gusts of wind 
with rain ; those sepulchral 
sjoanings f the basses ; the hurri- 
chi 6 a l ) l )roac hes, swells; an immense 
streak, starting from the 
Wr 110tes °f orchestra, goes 
l 'owing down into the lowest 



depths, seizes the basses, carries them 
along and ascends again, writhing 
like a whirlwind that levels every- 
thing in its passage. Then the trom- 
bones burst forth, the thunder of 
the timpani redoubles its fury. It is 
no longer a wind-and-rain storm, it 
is a frightful cataclysm, the universal 
deluge, the end of the w T orlcl. Truly 
this gives the vertigo, and many per- 
sons hearing this storm do not know 
whether the emotion they experience 
is pleasure or pain. 

The Symphony ends with the 
grateful thanksgiving for the return 
of fair weather. Then every thing 
smiles. The shepherds reappear ; 
they answer each other on the moun- 
tain, recalling their scattered flocks; 
the sky is serene, the torrents soon 
cease to flow, calmness returns and 
with it the rural song, whose sweet 
melodies are restful to the soul just 
before frightened by the magnificent 
horror of the foregoing picture. 



VOICES FROM THE PAST. 



Sophocles' Eulogy on the Superior 
Powers of Man. 

Would it be a perfect modern tribute to 
the race ? 

Many wonderful things appear in 
nature, but nothing more wonderful 
than man. He sails even through 
the forming deep with the wintry 
south-wind's blast, riding over the 
thundering billows ; he furrows the 
everlasting earth, superior of the 
immortal gods, as seedtime returns 
year after year, plowing up the soil 
with the aid of the horse ; trapping 
the birds, the feathered tribe that 
skim the air, he takes them as his 
prey, and the savage beasts, and all 
the finny race of the sea with the 
thread-woven nets, the ever invent- 
ive man. He tames by his skill the 
inhabitants of the fields, the moun- 
tain, wandering herds ; he brings 
beneath the encircling yoke the 
bushy maneel horse and the stubborn 
mountain ox. He hath taught him- 
self language and winged thought, 
and the customs of state law, and to 
escape the cold and stormy arrows 
of painful frosts ; with plans for ev- 
erything, never without a plan, he 
meets the future. Yet from death 
alone he finds no refuge, although 
he has contrived remedies for rack- 
ing diseases. ****** 
Observing the laws of the land and 
the assured justice of heaven, he 
rises high in the state ; an outcast is 
he who is dishonorable and haughty ; 
may he who acts thus, not dwell 
with me nor be counted among my 
friends. 

Happy the man, and bappy be alone, 
lie who can call to-day his own ; 
He who, secure within, can say. 
To-morrow do thy worst, for I have lived 
to-day —Dryden. 



SCIENCE. 



1 p.m., 
6 p. nr., . 



4° 


32 


16° 


38 


10° 


36 


4° 


38 



The Class in Zoology has made 
arrangements to place in the muse- 
um of the college a fine collection of 
animals representing sub-kingdoms, 
classes, orders and types, below 
mammals. 

Meteorology for February. 

TEMPERATURE. 

Average. Lowest. Highest. 

7 a. m., 19:°19 

. . 28:°88 
. . 26:°61 
Whole month, 24:°89 

The weather was remarkably warm 
for the time of year, the thermome- 
ter but once reaching the zero point. 

The face of the sky in 84 observa- 
tions gave fair 39, overcast 22, 
cloudy 7, rain 7, snow 9. 

Astronomy. 

PLANETS. 

Venus, Saturn, Uranus and Nep- 
tune may be seen in the evening. 

Mercury, Mars and Jupiter in the 
morning. 

CONSTELLATIONS. 

The past month has on the whole 
been quite favorable for constella- 
tion tracing and study. A number 
of nights were bright and clear and 
the constellations visible among the 
most brilliant. The explanation 
given in the February number will 
answer for study during March. 

ANSWER TO ENIGMA IN FEBRUARY 
NUMBER. 

" Conservation and Correlation of 
force." Correctly answered by Mr. 
Jno. L. Keedy, Annville, Pa , Joshua 
A. Burkholcler, Walnut Bottom, Pa., 
J. D. Stehman, Millersville, Pa., Prof. 
L. II. McFadden, Westerville, Ohio, 
and Rev. J. P. Troxal, Scottdale, Pa. 




LITERARY SOCIETIES. 



Clionian Literary Society. 



Virtute et Fide. 



Several new officers have been 
added to the usual number during 
the month. Miss Josie Kreider was 
elected Annonymous Reader, and 
Misses Steffey, Flick and Erb, Per- 
manent Judges. 

On the 8th inst., the Philokos- 
mians visited the Society, at which 
time the following programme was 
rendered : 

Instrumental Solo, Miss Saylor. 

Declamation, Miss Keedy. 

Biography, Mrs. H. J. Foster,. .Miss Binkley. 
Essay— The Approach of Spring,. Miss Lane. 
Referred Question— The Manufacture and 

Use of India Rubber, Miss Rice. 

Instrumental Solo, Miss Myers. 

Recitation, Miss Batdorf. 

The Advantages of Being a Bachelor, 

Miss Erisman. 
The Disadvantages of Being a Bachelor, 

Miss Mohn. 
Kef. Question— Advantages of Inventions, 

Miss Saylor. 

Instrumental Solo, Miss Lane. 

Benefits of Public Libraries, Miss Flick. 



22 



THE COLLEGE FORUM. 



Essay— Music, .Bliss Myers. 

An Original Story of 100 Years Hence, 

Miss Steffey. 

Debate— Resolved, That Women Should Prac- 
tice Law, Aff., Miss Shaffner. 

JStff. Miss Forney. 

Olive Branch, Editress. 

Instrumental Solo Miss Heilman. 

Miss Alice Evers, Prof, of Instru- 
mental Music, has returned from 
Boston, where she was recently en- 
gaged in the study of music. On 
her return a reception was given her 
by the ladies of the hall. Miss Evers 
fills her place admirably- and has 
won the hearts of all her pupils. 

Miss Carrie Eby, class of '8t, who 
so acceptably filled Miss Evers' po- 
sition as Prof, of Instrumental Music 
in her absence, has been elected as- 
sistant teacher in the musical depart- 
ment. She has entered upon her 
work with a great deal of energy 
and is doing good work. 

Misses Keedy and Brightbill spent 
Sunday, March 3d, at Swatara, visit- 
ing friends. 

Miss Lillie Rice enjoy r ed a visit 
of several days from her mother dur- 
ing the mouth. 

Mr. Erb, of Clay, Pa., lately vis- 
ited his daughter, Miss Linnie Erb. 

On the evening of March 1st, 
while the Society was in session, 
two little " Cupids in ebony " made 
their appearance, each bearing a 
waiter upon which was placed a very 
large cake. One of them bore a 
note, addressed to the President of 
the Society, stating that the}*- were 
sent by St. Valentine, and that the 
preceptress should "count noses and 
divide." Theyanwered no questions, 
although they were questioned and 
cross-questioned, but simply stated 
that they were sent by St. Valentine 
and that their names were Jack and 
Sambo. Thanks to St. Valentine 
for his kindly treat in the way of a 
valentine. 

Kalozetean Literary Society. 

The work of the term is fast draw- 
ing to a close, and I am pleased to 
announce that it has thus far given 
general satisfaction. 

The Book Reception has been in- 
definitely postponed, and will not 
occur till sometime during the spring 
term. Quite a number of books 
have already been received, and 
others have been promised. 

The nomination of officers oc- 
curred on the lstinst. The election 
was held on the 8th inst., and the 
installation occurred one week later. 

The question for debate for Fri- 
day evening, March 8th, was : Re- 
solved, That the action of Congress 
in regard to the States lately ad- 
mitted was right. The subject for 
the oration of the evening was: "The 
New Stars in our Flag." 

Thursday evening, February 21st, 
was given to the life of Washington, 
and the programme consisted of the 



following subjects : "Washington's 
Early Life," " Washington in the 
French and Indian War," " Wash- 
ington in the Revolution," " Wash- 
ington as President," " The Influ- 
ence of his Life Upon America and 
the Nations About us." 

We are pleased to know that some 
of our former members will be with 
us again in the Spring term. We 
are looking forward with anticipa- 
tions for a very interesting and 
profitable term. 

We are sorry that Mr. Von Nieda 
has been compelled, on account of 
sickness, to quit school. Mr. V. has 
been very dutiful in his society 
work. It is the wish of all that he 
may remain with us to the end of 
the year at least. He intends taking 
up again his ministerial work. 

Mr. G. A. Sparks has gone home 
on a visit. During his stay he ex- 
pects to attend the annual session of 
the Pennsylvania Conference at Bal- 
timore. Mr. S. is not certain as to 
his coming to school any longer. 
He may take ministerial work at the 
present session of Conference. We 
trust, however, that he will again re- 
turn to school. 

Mr. A. S. Meyers spent from the 
22nd to the 25th ult. at his home at 
Mountville, Pa. He reports having 
had a very pleasant time at his home 
and among friends. 

Mr. W. J. Gardner was on Satur- 
day, the 2nd inst., called to Harris- 
burg to meet his father, who was en- 
route to Washington to attend the 
inauguration of President Harrison. 
Mr. G. returned in the evening with 
a box, which had been sent by his 
mother, filled with all that can sat- 
isfy the appetite of a student who 
has been fed for the past two months 
upon roast beef, fried potatoes and 
stewed beans. 

One of the members has devised a 
new plan to secure spending money. 
In writing to his father, he first 
writes with most filial affection in 
regard to himself and surroundings 
at school. He then expresses his 
earnest desire as to his object in life 
in the following words : " Pa, I 
think I shall preach." After this 
declaration he makes the most mod- 
est request that a school boy can put 
to a parent — " Won't you please to 
send me a little money?" Now, 
Sammy, don't you know that your 
pa has caught on to the racket ? 

The late visitors were Revs. H. T. 
Denlinger, J. A. Lyter and U. S. G. 
Renn. Mr. D. is at present pastor 
of the U. B. church, at Tyrone, Pa., 
where he is at present engaged in an 
extensive revival. At the time of 
his visit he had one hundred and 
eighteen conversions. 

Mr. L., while here, preached to 
the students and friends of the Col- 
lege. His sermon was interesting 



and instructive. He has been very 
successful in his pastorate at Mount, 
ville during the past year. At the 
late session of the East Pennsyl. 
vania Conference he was returneil to 
Mountville. 

Mr. R. has also been successful in 
his pastorate at Manheim, Pa. JJe 
was returned to Manheim at the 
same session of the above conference. 
During his stay he, paid the Society 
a very pleasant visit. 



Philokosmian Literary Society. 

" Esse quam Videri." 



The election of officers occurred 
on the 21st ult., with the following 
result : 

President, E. T. Schlosser ; Vice 
President, A. L. Shannon ; Record- 
ing Secretary, D. A. Kreider ; Cor- 
responding Secretaiy, W. H. Wash- 
inger ; Critic, A. A. Long; Treas- 
urer, H. B. Roop. 

Mrs. Belva A. Lock wood delivered 
her popular lecture — " Social and 
Political Life in Washington "—in 
the college chapel on the eve of the 
5th ult., to an appreciative audience. 
She described Washington socially, 
morally, politically and religiously. 
She is a very forcible speaker, and 
held the attention of the audience 
for an hour and a half. Her lecture 
gave entire satisfaction, and all ac- 
knowleged that the entire lecture 
was delivered in words humorous, 
pathetic, eloquent and logical, and 
an intellectual treat. She will re- 
ceive a warm reception if she be 
privileged to come to L. V. C. again. 

On the eve of the 8th ult. we de- 
cided that the divorce laws should 
be changed ; that women are more 
devoted to gossip than men. ^ e 
had an oration about women on the 
stage. We critically studied the 
novel of Amelia Rives. We had an 
imaginary biography of Frances De 
Hugo. Also an essay on Woman s 
Relation to the Church and a biog- 
raphy of Queen Elizabeth. The ex- 
ercises were interspersed with music- 

On the eve of the 15th ult. we de- 
cided that Secretary Bayard's actio" 
in regard to the Samoa trouble ' s 
not censurable ; that Congress has 
been justified in not admitting ™ a ' 
kota as a State. We had given an 
outline of President Cleveland's &«' 
ministration, in which it was state* 
that President Cleveland's name anj 
actions will be revered and honor? 
by the generations to come, in 
evening was very profitably spe n 
Choice music was rendered. 

We were glad to meet and g rce 
W. M. Hain of Harrisburg on tj. 
eve of the 8th ult. He is one of t» 
class of '88, who are now facing. f 
stern realities of life. He is rm^ 11 * 
rapid progress in the study of |!l 



THE COLLEGE FOEUM. 



23 



^Ve were highly gratified and in- 
structed by his kind and forcible 
remarks. 

Rev. M. Spayd, Pastor of Belle- 
ffr ove TJ. B. Congregation, an ex 
I'liilo., spent tbe evening of the 15th 
ult. in our midst, and gave an in- 
fe structive and interesting address, 
ae We welcome all our friends. 
:e, The executive committee are mak- 
ing arrangements for our " Mock 
Trial," which will be held in the near 
future. We expect to invite the 
public, and take this opportunity of 
informing our friends who have spe- 
cial business to present their claims 
at an early date. Any of our friends 
wishing to be divorced will be heard 
and license will be granted to all giv- 
ing satisfaction — to be united in the 
bonds of matrimony. 

Our young members are to be com- 
mended for the interest they mani- 
fest in society work. A good number 
are able to debate fairly well and 
worry the older members not a little. 

Rev. W. R. Burkholder preached 
to the people of Bellegrove on the 
eve of the 12th ult. 

Quite a number of our members 
spent a few days at the East Penn'a 
Conference which convened in the 
U. B. Memorial Church, Harrisburg, 
on the 20th ult. 

The following named members 
were assigned work and expect to 
continue their studies at the Colh'ge : 
Rev. S. D. Faust, Memorial Church, 
Harrisburg, Pa. ; Rev. G. A. Doyle, 
Springfield, Berks Co., Pa. ; Rev. A. 
Shannon, Paradise, Lancaster Co., 
Pa.; S. C. Enck, Rhules' Station, 
Lancaster Co., Pa. The best wishes 
olthe Society are theirs. 

Our delegate, Mr. R. S. Harp, sent 
k the College Y. M. C. A. to Mil- 
lersburg, reports the district con- 
vention a decided success. Some of 
'he work done and inspiration re- 
ceived was imparted to us at our 
'ast services, causing us to realize, 
^oie than before, the zeal and ear- 
nestness manifested by our young 
ln en for the evangelization of the 
world. 

The Endowment Fund Committee 
* re making strenuous efforts to es- 
tablish a Library Endowment Fund 
jpjj shall yield annually one hun- 
re( l dollars. Let every true and 
. ^''getic Philokosmian come to our 
el Pi until this plan has reached its 
C0l 'sunimation. 
"jrite a number of our members 
Part in the lamp globe serenade 
^ieh occurred not long since. They 
d ythey are fond of that kind of 

llSl c How is it with the faculty ? 
a u r Society was well represented 
fon ^ enns J 1 vania Conference which 
St o ned in B "ltimore U. B. Scott 
foil ^"rch on the 27th ult. The 
Coi?<^ n ^ members received Annual 
nie rence license : J. E. Kleffman, 



B. F. Daugherty, Jos. Daugherty, E. 
S. Bowman and W. H. Washinger. 
They report an interesting session of 
Conference, well pleased with the 
historic city — Baltimore. They took 
advantage of the Inauguration, and 
concluded to visit Washington, as 
Conference and Inauguration do not 
occur at the same time as a rule. 
They say, after walking in the rain 
to see a man and people, "I don't 
like inauguration day, do you?" 

On the evening of the 1st instant 
great interest was manifested in the 
exercises — an evening with Long- 
fellow's poem, " Miles Standish." It 
was decided that the characterization 
of John Alden is superior to that of 
Priscilla. Since Miles Standish was 
so unsuccessful in wooing Priscilla 
through his friend John Alden, the 
members have decided to plead their 
own cause. One of our number 
thinks and says, 

"I care not how fair she be, 
If she be not fair for me." 

Rev. J. L. Keedy broke the bread 
of life to the happy people of Amitv- 
ville on the 3d inst. 

Mrs. C. J. Meister, of Baltimore, 
presented two very valuable books 
to the society library, entitled Life 
and Scenes in the National Capital 
as a Woman sees them," and the 
"History of Baltimore City and 
County." These works are finely 
illustrated. The society expresses 
their heartfelt thanks for the interest 
manifested by Mrs. M. and for the 
books. A number of our members 
were royally entertained at her home 
during Conference. 

Rev. Russel H. Con well, of Phila- 
delphia, delivered his popular lec- 
ture "Silver Crown, or Born a King," 
in the College Chapel, on the 6th 
inst. He spoke for two hours and 
held the audience spell-bound. Now 
in words of humor which caused the 
most sober to laugh. Then in words 
pathetic, terrible, sublime, which 
brought tears to the eyes of strong 
men not easily moved. His object 
in lecturing is not to make an im- 
pression of self, but he loses self, 
and endeavors to incite men and 
women to better and nobler lives. He 
told us we can be kings and queens. 
They are needed in every profession. 
We may forget the speaker, his ap- 
pearance and manner of address, but 
we shall never forget the exhorta- 
tions to purer manhood and woman- 
hood, and the opportunities in life 
for making our mark and for winning 
the prize. This is the general senti- 
ment. We had our best lecture last. 

J. L. Keedy and C. F. Flook at- 
tended the State Convention held in 
Harrisburg on the 19th ult., in the 
interests of the Prohibition Amend- 
ment. They report a pleasant time 
and a great interest manifested, and 
a spirit exhibited which means we 
will win. 



We return our sincere thanks to 
our many friends who aided in mak- 
ing our lecture course a grand suc- 
cess. We promised to make this 
course better than the last one, and 
have succeeded. Our friends cer- 
tainly received the worth of their 
monev. They know something of 
the ""Uses of Ugliness," " The Value 
of Sunshine." They are able to ap- 
preciate the labors of Paul more than 
before. They have learned of Wash- 
ington in every particular ; and last, 
but not least, have been inspired to 
become Kings and Queens, all for 
one dollar and seventy-five cents. 
Don't you think this cheap ? 

County Superintendent Boden- 
horn, an ex-Philo., and one of the 
first members of our Society, was 
called from earth to glory on the 4th 
inst. One by one we are called 
home. May we follow the example 
of our departed brother — work and 
toil, spend and be spent, so that 
when we are called hence we may be 
missed by those whom we have left 
behind and joyfully enter the haven 
of rest. 

" There is no death ! An angel form 
Walks o'er the earth with silent tread ; 
He bears our best loved things away, 
And then we call them 'dead'." 



READER'S CORNER. 



Eclectic Physical Geography, by 
Kussell Hinman, published by Van Ant- 
werp, Bragg & Co The aim of this book 
is to indicate what we know concerning 
the causes of common phenomena ob- 
served at the earth's surface. The intro- 
ductory chapter is a condensed statement, 
of fundamental scientific conceptions re- 
garding the property of matter. The earth 
is then considered in its relation to the 
solar system. The atmosphere as the cause 
of details in relief of the land, and con- 
spicuous phenomena of the sea. The land 
as modified by atmospheric subterranean 
agencies. The dependence of plant and 
animal life to their organic surroundings. 
The closing chapter is on man. The book 
is excellently illustrated with cuts and 
maps. It should be in the library of 
every teacher. 

Scribner's Magazine for March con- 
tains articles on a great variety of subjects, 
from the practical questions of the Rail- 
way Mail Service to the subtilties of 
Economy in Mental Work with an abun- 
dance of good fiction and papers on topics 
of contemporary interest — several of them 
richly illustrated in a manner sustaining 
the reputation made by this Magazine for 
strong and original art work. The contents 
are : Frontispiece, "At a Way Station" ; 
"The Rail Road Mail Service," by Thos. 
L. James ; "Vestis Angelica," by T. W. 
Higginson ; "The Master of Ballantrae, " 
by Robert Louis Stephenson ; "A German 
Rome," by W. B. Scott ; " Hereafter," by 
Graham R. Thompson; "Economy in 
Intellectual Work" by Wm. H. Barnham; 
"Yesterday," by Zoe Dana Underhill ; 
"An Eye for an Eye," by Robert Grant ; 
"Some of Wagner's Heroes and Hero- 
ines," by Wm. F. Asthorp; "Mexican Su- 
perstitions and Folk-Lore," byThomas A. 
Janvier ; "Extenuating Circumstances," 
by Wm. McKendree Bangs ; "An Anima- 
ted Conversation," by Henry James. 



•24 



THE CO-LLEGE FORUM. 





FOR GENTLEMEN. 



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Lebanon Valley College 



VOL. II. No. 4. 



ANNVILLE, PA., APRIL, 1889. 



Whole No. 16. 



EDITORS. 



FACULTY. 

Rev. E. S. Lorb^z, A. M., B. D., President. 
H. Clay Deankb, A. M., Professor of Latin. 
Geo. W. Bowman, A. M., Professor of Science. 
J.E. Lehman, A.M., Professor of Mathematics. 
Rev.W. S. Ebersole, A. M., Professor of Greek. 
Miss Alice M. Evers, B. S., 

Professor of Instrumental Music. 

Miss Ella Smith, M. A., 

Professor of Vocal Culture. 

Miss Etta li. Hott, Ph. B., 

Professor of English Language. 
Miss F. Adelaide Sheldon, Professor of Art. 



ASSOCIATE EDITORS 
Clionian Society— Miss Loula S. Funk. 
Philokosmian Soc'y— Rev. W. H. Washinger. 
Kalozetean Society— J. T. Spangler. 



PUBLISHING AGENT. 
Rev. M. O. Lane, Financial Agent. 

All communications or items of news 
should be sent to the President. Subscrip- 
tions should be sent to the Publishing 
Agent. 

THE COLLEGE FOKUM will be sent 
monthly for one year on receipt of twenty- 
five cents. Subscriptions received at any 
time. 

For terms of advertising, address the 
Publishing Agent. 



Entered at the Post Office at Annville, Pa., 
as second-class mail matter. 



EDITORIAL. 



Within the past few weeks, the 
improvement of the President has 
been very marked. He can begin to 
do light work which has no care and 
e an read an hour without wearying. 
Let the prayers of the church con- 
tinue to implore the throne of grace 
in Ms behalf. 



This number of The College 
F°b.um is breezy with reasons for ob- 
serving « College Day." The "Col- 
e ge Day Symposium " contains rich 
°dors from the Presiding Elders. 

Qe y are heartily in earnest. These 
e tters speak the sentiments of the 
j*urch. Their efforts have been pro- 
motive of great good to the College. 

«e success of last year's College 

a y ^ due to a great extent to their 
Unit ecl labor. Let the good work 
§o 0n . 



"College Day" will be observed on 
the first and second Sabbaths of 
May. How fitting that while nature 
will be shedding forth her sweetest 
fragrance, for the church to break 
her alabaster boxes for the glor}^ of 
Cod, and to perfume her altars with 
the incense of sacrifice in behalf of 
the College. Let all make the day 
one of feasting of spiritual things 
and thanksgiving. 



If " College Day " will be a suc- 
cess we need the co-operation of the 
itinerants. It means work, and hard 
work, but we have strong faith in 
our ministry doing their duty. They 
have already assured us that they 
will lend a helping hand. The very 
assurance means success, and makes 
our hearts g-lad. 



"College Day," last year, brought 
in $901.18. Until there is a produc- 
tive endowment sufficiently large to 
meet the current expenses, the Col- 
lege will annually need $3000. The 
College is carrying great burdens. 
Her burdens are too great for hu- 
man strength. Her greatest care 
can be wonderfully lightened by the 
church giving a free-will offering of 
$4000, which is about ten cents per 
member. The Evangelical Church 
has set us a most excellent example 
by giving twice as much and not 
being half as wealthy. 



During the year there has been a 
rebate to the itinerants of $404.80, 
by the reduction to minister's chil- 
dren. We trust this kindness will 
be fully appreciated by a vigorous 
effort to make "College Day" a 
grand success, spiritually and finan- 
cially, and that they too will add 
their mite for the cause of God and 
education. The ministers of the 
Evangelical Church give 5 per cent- 
um of their salaries to the support 



of Schuylkill Seminary, Fredericks- 
burg, Pa. How noble a sacrifice for 
their school. Let our church read, 
pray and act, and the college need 
not go begging for that which is her 
own. 



The friends of the College have 
many reasons for rejoicing. There 
never was a better class of students 
in attendance than at present, the 
majority of whom are Christians. The 
weekly prayer services are crowded 
and the spiritual condition of the 
students is high. As a result of the 
revival during the fall, but two did not 
accept Christ as their personal Sa- 
vior. The students have obligated 
themselves to pay annually $100 to- 
wards sending a College missionary 
into the field. Lebanon Valley Col- 
lege is the second school of the 
church that has responded to the 
call, , the Union Biblical Seminary 
being the other. As the fruits of 
the Day of Prayer for Colleges, a 
plan is on foot by the students to 
raise $100 towards the endowment 
of the college. All the members of 
the present senior class, of which 
there are nine, save one, will enter 
the ministry. One of whom is a 
graduate of Union Biblical Semina- 
ry, and four will enter the Seminary 
next fall. 



Why Shall We Observe College 
Days. 

1. Because the General Conference 
will meet at York near the College 
Day date. Then, in the very pres- 
ence of representatives of every 
part of the whole church, this East- 
ern wealthiest section will be called 
upon to show its loyalty to a church 
institution of its own planting. We 
cannot afford to appear indifferent. 
Brethren, let us show our colors. 

2. It is the order of the Annual 
Conference. Those resolutions which 
every pastor helped to adopt have 
named the date and strongly urge a 
full observance. 



26 



THE COLLEGE FORUM. 



3. The Evangelical Association, on 
a recent "Seminary Day," contribu- 
ted to the support of Schuylkill 
Seminary, about ten miles from us, 
over $1600. Can we honorably do 
less for our College ? 

4. It is the only wsxy to support 
Lebanon Valley College until it is 
well endowed, and that time is ap- 
proaching. Whoever observes Col- 
lege Day literally helps to convert 
some of the best young men and 
women of the church to Christian 
piety, and to supply the church with 
missionaries and live preachers. 

5. The pastor that educates his 
people to support earnestly and liber- 
ally the progressive institution of 
the church gets his salary without 
begging for it. 

6. It affords a pastor an oppor- 
tunity to inform himself and his peo- 
ple of the extending power of the 
educational arm of the church and 
its relation to the triumph of Christ's 
kingdom in the world. 

7. The pastor who finds it difficult 
to hold his young people, will find 
in using the College day literature 
and a varied programme an oppor- 
tunity to give agreeable and profit- 
able employment to his young peo- 
ple and to win them more devotedly 
to the church and himself. No pas- 
tor can get on well without the sup- 
port of his young people. 

8. It gives the officers of the 
church and its institutions an oppor- 
tunity to learn the zeal and ability 
of our pastors who may exhibit a 
fitness for different offices that may 
become vacant and need filling. The 
church is in need of several kinds of 
ability that are lying latent in some 
of our pastors. 

9. Our congregations enjoy special 
days because they create new inter- 
ests attracting the membership and 
" outsiders " to the services. Live 
pastors will welcome such an oppor- 
tunity to increase and profitably in- 
terest their congregations. With the 
special music and service the day 
ought to be made one of rousing in- 
terest in all these Conferences. 

10. Our church people desire an 
opportunity to give something to the 
cause of christian education as well 
as to christian missions if they right- 
ly understand the relation of the one 
to the other, and of the first to the 
progress of our own church and the 
success of Christ's Kingdom on 
earth. College Day, as well as Mis- 
sionary Day, services ought to be a 
precious season of grace. 

11. The gratifying reports from 
the pastors who observed College 
Day last year prove it not only a 
practical thing, but a real flow of 
spiritual blessing to any congre- 
gation — the fullest and the most 
liberal. We venture that every 
pastor who observed College Day 



last 3'ear will welcome its second oc- 
casion. 

12. The second College Day will 
be a truer test of the attitude of the 
church than the first, since it is not 
a new thing and our people know 
where to take hold. If it shall prove 
less profitable, or even no more pro- 
fitable, financially, than last year, it 
will work detriment to the courage 
of our educators in the East, and, it 
is to be feared, particularly to the 
much improved but still diseased 
condition of the nervous system of 
President Lorenz, whose nervous 
break-down at the beginning of the 
year prevented the pushing of the 
endowment interests according to 
plan. The receipts of the coming 
College Day need to be double and 
triple those of last year ; and easily 
may it be so, since no one is poorer 
for having given last year, nor will 
be if he give twice as much this year. 

13. A non-observance of the day 
will inflict a wound upon the cause 
of education, upon our church, and 
upon the college in particular. Such 
an attitude would soon kill the 
college and the church, and if Leba- 
non Valley College once suffers 
death at the hands of its friends not 
all the skill known among educa- 
tional workers can restore it to life. 

14. It is a most excellent expedi- 
ent for advertising the college. If 
the pastor get not a cent in collec- 
tion the good things he may say of 
the college will be a great benefit to 
the institution. 



College Day Symposium. 

The pulse of the Presiding Elders 
of the patronizing conferences has 
been taken. Letters were sent out, 
requesting them to give their views 
upon " College Day." In response 
the following letters have been re- 
ceived. They indicate a healthy and 
vigorous pulse, and voice the senti- 
ment of the church. " College Day" 
means success and life to Lebanon 
Valley College. Let the letters 
speak : 

COLLEGE DAY. 

College Day has come to stay. It 
has become an absolute necessity, 
for several reasons : — . 

First. To bring the College, its 
interests and benefits more fully be- 
fore our people. If we wish' our 
young people, who are to be most 
benefited by the College, to become 
interested, we must educate them ac- 
cordingly. To my mind, this can 
best be done by properly observing 
College Day. Sing about the Col- 
lege, pray and talk about the College, 
until our young people feel that it 
cannot live without them, nor they 
without it. 



Second. As a financial medium 
Colleges cannot live and prosper 
without money any more than farms 
and any other business enterprise 
Somebody said money makes the 
mare go. Well, that is . just it. 
Without money Colleges must a 
under, and what we want is to stir 
up our people on this question. The 
money is not very far away, but the 
trouble seems to be to find it, and 
then get it after it is found. College 
Day will find and get some of it at 
least. Several thousand dollar- 
should be found on our next College 
Day. Who will help to find it ? 

Now, a few words with the preach- 
ers on the Chambersburg district, 
Soon the College authorities will 
issue their proclamation setting apart 
a Sabbath, or two as College Day. 
Please heed the call and get ready 
for it. Prepare music, addresses, 
etc., and see that it is properly ob- 
served at each appointment. Above 
all, be sure to take a good round 
collection. Now, there, attention 
cornpany! Forward, double quick, 
march ! •* 

H. A. SCHLICHTER, P. E. 

Pennsylvania Conference. 
Chambersburg, Pa., April 1, 



" College Day " has been an excel- 
lent means for advertising Lebanon 
Valley College. Many ministers 
learned more of the needs of the in- 
stitution, and also her relation to 
the church, as well as the importance 
of our college to the progress of our 
church in the east, by studying the 
institution itself, than they possibly 
could or would have done for years 
any other way, and thus has awak- 
ened interest in them for the college. 

This Day has been a most excel- 
lent means of bringing the College 
to the attention of the membership 
of the church. Some hardly knew 
that the U. P>. Church had a College 
of their own; and it has also im- 
pressed the parents generally with 
the importance of higher Christian 
education for their children, and 
furthermore, the advantage and in 1 ' 
portance of educating their children 
in their own institutions of learning 
and also by awakening an interests 
our young people to be educated, a s 
well as to secure such education lD 
Lebanon Valley College. The col- 
lection, while not large, has made a 11 
feel that they have a practical inter 
est in the institution. It opens np* 
new avenue for benevolence, a n 
gives the opportunity to all to g^jj 
to this interest. Everj' minister a' 1 
layman should see to it that 

-Collet 

Day" is properly observed this yea 1, 
and see to it that this year it will 
a financial success. 

A. H. Rice, P. E- 
Baltimore Dist. Penna. Conference 



THE COLLEGE FORUM. 



net- 



J 



aN open letter to the ministers 

and members of the east penn- 
sylvania conference. 

Pear Brethren : The Annual 
Conference has wisely provided for 
College Day. What all desire is, 
that it may be the occasion for se- 
curing a respectable amount of funds 
for the use and benefit of Lebanon 
Valley College. 

That our college is to-day groaning 
under a heavy burden, no one is dis- 
posed to doubt. We have not a col- 
lege in all the land that is able to 
meet the demands of the times. Ex- 
tensive endowments must be secured 
if these demands are to be met. Plans 
to secure these are being perfected. 
But till then, we need money to pay 
our educators, if we would retain 
them. We also need libraries, 
cabinets, museums, chemical, philo- 
sophical and astronomical apparatus. 
The friends of Lebanon Valley Col- 
lege must remember that colleges 
around us that are annually receiv- 
ing large contributions can offer bet- 
ter inducements, which keep the odds 
against us. • 

Our Conference did well last year, 
for College day — better, indeed than 
any of the co-operating Conferences 
—but this year we want you to do 
much better. Let every pastor bring 
the matter before his people as early 
as possible, and work it up, preach 
it, talk it in the pulpit and out of it, 
and East Pennsylvania Conference 
will again stand at the head of the 
column of contributing conferences. 

I. Baltzell. 

COLLEGE DAY. 

The design to be taken into con- 
sideration respecting the observance 
of College Day is at least two-fold : 
First. The time of its observance. 
The time designated is May 12th, 
the second Sabbath of the month. 
This is a seasonable date, sufficient- 
ly early in the conference year, and 
the outbreak into new life and beauty 
v 'hich marks nature at this time, and 
instinctively excites feelings of glad- 
n ess and delight, and it is, therefore, 
n ot strange that many days in this 
JDonth have at all times been cele- 
brated by the Romans, Celtics, and 
m France and Germany, etc. There 
should be uniformity of time in its 
observance. In case there should be 
^ unavoidable influence, let it be 
held either the Sabbath previous or 
^sequent to the Sabbath appointed. 
!t certainly is poor policy to post- 
pone from time to time. "Procras- 
tination is the thief of time." De- 
ling indicates that it is too insig- 
J lfi caut to be noticed at all 
n °t our own 

p l gion and to mankind 
^enee year contains only eight 
^° n ths, and what is to be done must 
Je a «eomplished in good time. " 0, 



Time is 
It belongs to God, to 
This con- 



gentlemen, the time of life is short." 
— Shakespeare. 

Second. The significance of its ob- 
servance. It signifies financial aid 
to the Lebanon Yalley College, and 
should be observed with a uniform 
programme. It is somewhat to be 
regretted that a committee was not 
appointed to arrange such a pro- 
gramme in order that the cause 
might be more effectually and prop- 
erly represented. This not having 
been done, a few suggestions might 
be pertinent. The services of the 
day should be attractive and pleas- 
ing. The sanctuary should be deco- 
rated. The first emotion should be 
a desire to seize some part of that 
profusion of flower and blossom 
spreading around us and set them 
up in decorative fashion, and let the 
pleasure they excite find expressions 
in song and praise. Chaucer teaches 
us that on " May Day " in England, 
high and low went out " to fetch the 
flowers fresh," and crown the fairest 
maid " Queen of May." As many of 
the young people and children that 
can possibly be persuaded to partici- 
pate in orations, declamations and 
class exercise and song should do so. 
This is a good plan for disciplining 
and training our youths, maidens 
and children in becoming liberal con- 
tributors to and more interested in 
the College. 

A sound, practical and enthusias- 
tic discourse should be preached 
to the membership to infuse more 
sympathy, and create within their 
souls a more liberal disposition to 
bring the greatly desired result. It 
being College Day, it would be per- 
tinent that one-half — day or evening 
— be devoted to the children, and 
the other half — day or evening — be 
devoted to the membership. The 
contributions are to be sent to Rev. 
M. 0. Lane, financial agent of the 
College. 

Faithfully yours, 

H. B. Dohner. 
East Pennsylvania Conference. 



COLLEGE DAY. 

Those who are willing to see 
things in their proper light, cannot 
but be impressed with a sense of the 
fact that it is of the highest import- 
ance that College Day be made a 
success, because the glory of God 
and our success as a church depends 
largely on the success of our institu- 
tions of learning. 

To us here in the east, Lebanon 
Yalley College is a necessity and its 
success inseparable from the ad- 
vancement of our church interests. 
This being the case, it is of the high- 
est importance that there be a waking 
up on the part of our pastors and 
people all along the line. Now in 
order to do this, I suggest that active 
and persevering work be done by all 



our pastors to make College Day a 
grand success. Certainly, if the 
above statement is true (and I pre- 
sume no one will doubt it), then this 
matter is of such importance that 
earnest aiid importunate prayer 
should go up from all our hearts 
that as a result of our efforts, the 
heart of Bro. Lorenz, the worthy 
president, and his co-workers and all 
interested may be cheered. Liberal 
giving on the part of our people will 
accomplish this. 

D. Sheerer, 
Allegheny Conference. 
Cocolamus, March 21, 1889. 



COLLEGE DAY. 

When the key-stone was to be 
placed in the last arch of the great 
St. Louis bridge, it was found to be 
about an inch too large each way. 
The " stone " made of iron had ex- 
panded in the June sunshine. To 
reduce it by clipping would have 
taken half the summer, for its weight 
was immense. To shrink it thirty 
tons of ice were necessary, and hav- 
ing been in pack twenty-four hours, 
it was dropped into place, fitting to a 
hair's breadth. 

College Day is a key-stone to be 
fitted into the important arch of our 
church work. Go in it must, if we 
would have a faultless structure. 
Who will have the courage, zeal and 
inventive genius to measure, weigh 
and handle it — who but the minister ! 

This is a grand opportunity. He 
can leave the programme which he has 
been driving for weeks and give the 
people information on the subject of 
our educational work. How many 
schools of learning have we? Give 
their names, location, work and need. 
Tell the people that our colleges are 
sending men into ever}' department 
of activity to appear in the front, 
acknowledged leaders of their fellow 
men. B} r enlightening others, you 
will be surprised at the increase of 
your own information. Give an oppor- 
tunity for the willing to contribute. 

C. P Dyche. 
Virginia Conference. 
Dayton, Ya., March 20, 1889. 



"College Day" should be observed 
by our people and preachers wher- 
ever practicable. By the preachers 
as an appropriate time for general 
instruction on the subject of Chris- 
tian education, and to present the 
interests of the college. By the peo- 
ple in contributing to its support. 

However, we cannot expect all to 
observe it strictly, as man}' of the 
preachers get around their circuit 
but once each month. Therefore, 
because of the few opportunities and 
the many interests to present, this 
interest will necessarily be crowded 
out in many places. Under such 



28 



THE COLLEGE FORUM. 



circumstances we suggest that this 
be made the subject of at least a part 
of a regular serman, and the way be 
kept open for special contributions 
at any time. 

C. H. CfiOWELL. 

Virginia Conference. 
Winchester, Va, 



Lebanon, Pa., March 29, '89. 

I take this method of speaking a 
word to the brethren of the District 
concerning the approaching " Col- 
lege Da}\" 

It is highly important that we all 
make a strong effort to make it a day 
deeply interesting to all classes. 

Wherever it is possible, let the en- 
tire day be aevoted to this interest. 
Let not the thought detain you that 
such a service is not religious. You 
can make it just as devotional as any 
other service. The aim must be 
that the Spirit of the Lord may 
characterize the exercises. 

What will be the result of cele- 
brating the day so enthusiastic ally ■? 
I answer, Manifold. 

You as pastor will feel that you 
have done your duty. 

After causing the congregation to 
feel on this subject, they will want 
to give. The result will be a large 
offering. 

There will be going forth from 
these exercises a general influence 
that will not produce immediate re- 
sults, but they will prove to be edu- 
cators of the people into real sym- 
pathy and favor with the educational 
cause. 

I hope to see, after College Day, 
that Lebanon district is behind in no 
respect. 

Yours for the truth, 
A. Graul, P. E. 
East German Conference. 

[Brother Mark started to prepare 
a paper, but ill-health prevented its 
completion. He heartily endorses 
College Day. — Editor.] 



Hints for College Day. 

College Day has come again. The 
return of church days and festal oc- 
casions are alwa3 r s greeted because 
of their accompan}dng blessings and 
joys. " College Day is a day of count- 
ing of mercies, of tender recollection 
of God's amazing grace, of gratitude 
and thanksgiving, of love and praise, 
of spontaneous sacrifice to the cause 
of God." Its forerunner — envelopes, 
circulars and music — suggest to the 
pastor that work and preparation are 
necessary. J ust how to celebrate it 
to obtain the best results may be 
hard to decide. We kindly offer a 
few suggestions. Doubtless they 
will not be needed, yet the sugges- 
tion will do no harm, and may pos- 
sibly be of some service. 



First. As soon as convenient, after 
receiving the envelopes and circulars, 
personally distribute them to all the 
members. Make it plain what the 
object is in giving them. Tell them 
that their gifts are to be a free-will 
offering to the Lord in behalf of 
Lebanon Valley College, in propor- 
tion as God has blessed them in 
basket and store, and proportionate 
to their gratitude for the numberless 
blessings and their sense of His 
mercy. 

Second. Call together both old 
and young, and distribute copies of 
" Songs for College Day." Have 
your leader drill them on these 
songs. Perhaps you can use some 
other suitable music which is found 
in your Sunday school book. Then 
extend an invitation to all to these 
services. It will enlist the sympathy 
of the entire church, and will awaken 
a general interest in the church. 

Third. Have an educational ad- 
dress or sermon. This is by all 
means the most important. Our peo- 
ple enjoy such addresses. Show 
them that giving to Lebanon Valley 
College is giving to the Lord. Preach 
on " the dut}^ of sustaining the edu- 
cational work of the church." After 
the services, gather the envelopes 
with their offerings. Then follow 
with a short prayer, invoking God's 
blessing upon the giver and the offer- 
ing, upon the college, its president, 
faculty and students. We give a 
few texts and themes. 

Education is better than wealth. 
Prov. 24 : 4, 5. 

Wisdom, the only true prosperity 
and blessedness. Psa. 89 : 15. 

The Blessings of Wisdom. Prov. 
2: 10, 11; 8 : 35. 

Advantages of Christian Educa- 
tion. Prov. 4 : 9, 10 ; 3:13; 14 : 
21, 22. 

The Church's Permanent Strength. 
Isa. 33 : 6. 

Christ's Example. Luke, 2 : 52. 

Rewards of Education. Prov. 8 : 
19-21. 

The Doctrine of Wisdom. Prov. 
9 : 9-11. 

Excellency of Wisdom. Prov. 3 : 
18; 4:9, 10, 11, 19. 

Arguments for Liberality — Glory 
to God— The Giver Blessed. 2 Cor. 

9 : 10, 11, 12, 13, 14. 

Liberal Giving — Widow's Mite, 
Mark 12 : 41 ; Good Samaritan, Luke 

10 : 29. 

Fourth. It may be preferable to 
hold two appropriate services. In 
the morning there can be an address 
or sermon on " Education " or 
" Christian Giving." In the even- 
ing the special songs and a paper on 
" The History and Work of the Col- 
lege " would be productive of great 
good, and acquaint our people with 
our educational work. Perhaps a 
Bible reading on " Thanksgiving " 




or " Wisdom " would be approprj. 
ate. A few recitations would enlist 
the children, and add much to the 
interest of the occasion. Then take 
up the envelopes, as some may not 
have had an opportunity in the 
morning to give their gift to the 
Lord. With addresses full of lif e 
with music sung with the spirit and 
understanding, with our hearts 
yearning to do whatsoever lieth in 
our power, the collections will be 
full and large. 

Fifth. Let the Sabbath schools 
take a collection. This will give the 
children a special opportunity to 
bring their mites. This can be made 
the largest collection of the day, 
How the little lambs will delight in 
the privilege of doing something for 
that College which will be their 
future Alma Mater, and where they 
will be built up in the Lord. By 
making a vigorous effort you will 
bless the College, which in return 
will bless the church. 



Rewards of Giving. 

" Bring ye all the tithes into the 
storehouse, that they may be meat in 
mine house, and prove me now, 
herewith, saith the Lord of Hosts, if 
I will not open yon the windows of 
heaven and pour you out a blessing 
that there shall not be room enough 
to receive it. And I will rebuke 
the devourer for } r our sakes, and b 
shall not destroy the fruits of your 
ground, neither shall your vine cast 
her fruit before the time in the field, 
saith the Lord of Hosts." Mai. 3; 
10-11. 

" Blessed is he that considered 
the poor ; the Lord will deliver him 
in time of trouble. The Lord will 
preserve him and keep him alive; 
and he shall " be blessed upon the 
earth ; and thou v will not deliver him 
unto the will of his enemies. The 
Lord will strengthen him on the bed 
of languishing ; thou wilt make his 
bed in his sickness." Ps. 41 ; 1-3. 

" Trust in the Lord, and do good, 
so shalt thou dwell in the land, and 
verily thou shalt be fed." Ps. 37: 3. 

"But thou shalt remember tie 
Lord thy God ; for it is He that 
giveth thee power to get wealth.' 
Deut. 8: 18. 

" Upon the first day of the week 
let every one of you lay b}^ him ^ 
store, as the Lord hath prospered 
him." 1 Cor. 16: 2. 

Honor thy Lord with the 



u - 

: 

u 



stance, and with the first fruits 



all thine increase : so shall thy hare 
be filled with plenty, and thy pressed 
shall burst out with new wine- 
Prov. 3: 9, 10. 

" There is that scattereth and 3" e 
increaseth ; there is that withhold^" 
more than is meet, but it tendeth *° 
poverty. The liberal soul shall " 



i 




THE COLLEGE FORUM. 



29 



ma de fat, and he that watereth shall 
be watered also himself." Prov. 11; 
24, 25. 

" And if thou draw out thy soul 
to the hungry, and satisfy the af- 
flicted soul, then shall thy light rise 
in obscurity, and thy darkness be as 
the noonday ; and the Lord shall 
guide thee continually, and satisfy 
thy soul in drought, and make fat 
thy bones ; and thou shall be like a 
watered garden, and like a spring of 
water whose waters fail not." Is. 
58; 10,11. 

" Give, and it shall be given unto 
you; good measure, pressed down, 
and shaken together, and running 
over, shall men give into your bosom. 
For with the same measure that ye 
mete withal, it shall be measured to* 
you again." Luke 6 ; 38. 

" I have shewed y r ou all things, 
how that so laboring he ought to 
support the weak, and to remember 
the words of the Lord Jesus, how 
he said, ' It is more blessed to give 
than to receive." Acts 20; 35. 

" Every man as he purposeth in 
his heart, so let him give ; not grudg- 
ingly or of necessity ; for God loveth 
a cheerful giver. And God is able 
to make all grace (temporal blessing) 
abound toward you ; that ye alwa3*s 
having all sufficienc}^ in all things, 
may abound to every good work." 
2 Cor. 9 ; 7, 8. 

Withholding Rebuked. 

The word of God teaches that 
those who withhold from the Lord 
will not prosper. Giving is to be 
the measure of our gratitude to 
God, and the sense of this mercy. 
More than anything else, giving 
raises the soul unto God, and en- 
larges it. In fact, the giver is en- 
riched in body and soul. Withhold- 
ing makes the soul lean and tends to 
material poverty. Giving has the 
seal and approval of God. It is the 
divinely appointed way of striking 
a t the root of that which is within us 
that is not Godlike, and which is 
selfish and sinful. The essence and 
'ue of Christianity is giving. By 
giving freely we become like God. 
We cast out sin and self, and let God 
ln - The Scriptures plainly show the 
[h War< ? of Cnristian liberality, and, 
Qat giving is a means of grace. To 



be 



Prosperous we must make faith- 



l 'l returns of all belongings, because 
We are bought with a price. We are 
J°t owners, but stewards. Woe be 
us if w e fail to make a proper re- 
urn. W e self-inflict the punishment. 

coming is inevitable. A mere 
Cl tal of the word may help us to 
\oid the fatal doom, and make us 
fait Jful stewards: 

He that withhold eth corn, the 
J e °ple shall curse him." * * * "He 
^ trusteth in his riches shall fall." 



"Will a man rob God? Yet ye 
have robbed me. But ye say, wherein 
have we robbed thee ? In tithes and 
offerings. Ye are cursed with a 
curse." Mai. 3 : 8,9. 

" Thou oughtest, therefore, to have 
put my money to the exchangers, 
and then at my coming I should have 
received mine own with usury. Take 
therefore the talent from him, and 
give it unto him which hath ten tal- 
ents. For unto every one that hath 
shall be given, and he shall have 
abundance ; but from him that hath 
not shall be taken away even that 
which he hath. And cast ye the un- 
profitable servant into outer dark- 
ness : there shall be weeping and 
gnashing of teeth." Matt. 25: 27-30. 

If we withhold from God, none of 
the rewards will be fulfilled. They 
are ours only on the conditions 
therein stated. Our failure to com- 
ply with the conditions leads us to 
expect their negative fulfillment. 
Their fulfillment is just as sure and 
positive as if there was a positive 
declaration. The " blessed is thee " 
becomes " the unprofitable servant." 
That which was his supreme good be- 
comes his ruin, misery and banish- 
ment from God. 



rov. ii 



26, 28. 



Lebanon Yalley College. 

Dear Editor: While reading The 
College Forum, I wondered whether 
the College was sustained as it 
should be and whether its work and 
power for good was rightly under- 
stood and properly appreciated. I 
have been able to contribute only a 
mite on several occasions, and have 
no children old enough to send, and 
any kind word I may say shall be as 
I am impressed from nry own obser- 
vation. There is a growing and con- 
tinuous demand for intelligent and 
widely cultivated ministers of the 
Gospel, who, under the influence of 
the " Holy Spirit," shall spread the 
truths of God's word with such 
force and brilliancy as to commend 
it to the most darkened of the sons 
of men. To this desirable end Leba- 
non Valley College has contributed 
nobly. 

A few years ago, at the hour of 
midnight, a telegram reached our 
home summoning us to the unpre- 
tentious town of Matamoras, Dau- 
phin co., Pa., where a dear Brother 
in the flesh, who was preaching the 
"Word of life," was dying. We 
hied speedily away to reach our des- 
tination, just a little while before 
the precious spirit had taken its 
flight, unrecognized by the dying, 
unknown by all but the soon to be 
bereft wife." Among the rich ac- 
quaintances made in this strange 
land under such distressing circum- 
stances we were introduced and in- 
vited to the home of an old father 
and mother whose hospitality we 



were to share as occasion might re- 
quire. This home was somewhat 
ancient and the occupants were neat 
and plain in attire and easy r in man- 
ners. In sympathy, love, and un- 
assuming kindness they excelled. In 
the course of our stay the father 
with modest complacenc}^ spoke of 
the struggles of a dear son in Leba- 
non Valley College. When we re- 
turned to our home, Orrstown, Frank- 
lin co., Pa., being unsupplied with a 
preacher, the P. E. informed us he 
could send us a student from L. Y. 
C. during vacation. He came. His 
exchequer doubtless was low, but he 
was rich of head, and richer of heart. 
He bore to us the " bread of life " 
so earnestly 7 and intelligently that 
the Heavenly impression made, fixed 
the name of Dr. J. W. Etter in our 
hearts ineradicably. 

In our boj'hood days in a little 
brick school house, by our side sat 
a boy, the son of an unlearned, 
though good father and neighbor, 
whose great delight was in the inter- 
est and progress his boys were hav- 
ing in their studies. This boy found 
his way finallv to L. Y. C, where 
considerable of his time and money 
was spent in hope. This fellow- 
youth is now pastor of Harrisburg 
Memorial Church in the person of 
S. D. Faust. 

Near the North Mountains, close 
to the romantic Roxbury, Franklin 
County, Pa., grew up a y r oung man 
of much more determination than 
money, who wooed and won the fair 
granddaughter of Rev. Daniel Funk- 
houser,of early church fame, of whose 
struggles and promises for the future 
you, and at least some of the read- 
ers of The Forum, are acquainted — 
W. H. Washinger. 

From near the South Mountain to 
the Mount Zion Camp, came a family 
to tent in the- grove. A boy in this 
family bowed at the altar, sought 
and found the Savior. Years rolled 
by. L. Y. Coffered inducements such 
as were not respected. The self- 
denying efforts of this young man 
to qualify his head, commensurate 
with his zeal for God, are best known 
to those at the College, but the re- 
sults are most gratifying to those 
who have been watching his career. 
Many prayers are following Bro. 
A. L. Shannon. 

Last summer, as we listened to 
the beautiful missionary essay of 
Miss Annie Reed, of Altenwald, we 
thought no reproach to L. Y. C. as 
to training of either head or heart. 

If then,' Mr. Editor of The Forum, 
the satisfactory results are reached 
under the influence of the College 
by those under our own observation, 
is the same not likety true of the 
scores from other homes and other 
neighborhoods ? If so, who can 
measure the good going out from 



30 



THE COLLEGE FORUM. 



the Lebanon Valley College to bless 
the church and the world ? And who 
will withhold the prayers, sympa- 
thies and means necessary for its en- 
larged usefulness ? 

Yours sincerely, 
S. W. Clippinger. 
Chambersburg, Pa., April 1, 1889. 

Personals. 

[ Any announcement of personals in So- 
ciety items will not be repeated here.] 

Mrs. Ella Sneath and George have 
returned to their home, in Cam- 
bridgeport, Mass. 

The last of March W. D. Shupe, 
of Yale Law Department, called on 
friends. 

Mr. Wm. Bittinger, a former stu- 
dent, visited the College at the open- 
ing of the term. 

The first Sabbath of the month 
Rev. D. D. Keedy preached in the 
chapel. 

Rev. Daniel Lorenz, of New York, 
brother of President Lorenz, spent 
the last week of March with the 
president. 

April 3, Rev. J. K. Fisher, A.M., 
visited his sister, Mrs. Prof. Lehman. 

Geo. R. Shenk has graduated at 
the Jefferson Medical College, of 
Philadelphia. 

Rev. H. B. Dohner was in town 
looking after the interests of the B. 
N. IT. 

Mr. Stauffer, of Lafayette, brother 
of Prof. Stauffer, is taking lessons 
in French from Prof. Ebersole. 

Misses Sevilla and Anna Gen- 
semer have been visiting Miss Evers. 



KATAKEKOMMENA. 



A Prohibition Amendment Club 
lias been organized with Professor 
Lehman as chairman. 

The Musical Department is full to 
overflowing. There are now three 
teachers in the department. There 
is need of greater facilities to keep 
apace with the growth. 

The Art Department is more 
largely attended than for years. The 
increase has necessitated additional 
hours being set apart for the work. 
Miss Sheldon has aroused a marked 
degree of enthusiasm in her pupils. 
The work done is of special merit 
and much more difficult of execution 
than that done in the past. 

The regular work of the College 
was suspended on the morning of 
March 29th, to attend the funeral of 
Mr. George Rigler, father-in-law of 
Prof. Deaner. In the death of Mr. 
Rigler the college has had a loss. 
He helped to bear many of its 
heavy burdens, and was alwa}^s a 
friend of higher education. The 
College deeply sympathises with the 
family in their affliction. Father 
Rigler has gone to join mother Rig- 
ler, "and be with Christ, which is faff 
better." 



LITERARY SOCIETIES. 
Clioniaii Literary Society. 



Virtute et Fide. 



The invitation extended to the 
Kalozeteans to visit the Clionians on 
the evening of April 5th, has been 
deferred until some future time, 
owing to the near approach of the 
anniversary of that Society. 

Miss Ella Smith, Prof." of Voice 
Culture at L. Y. C, was engaged to 
sing at a concert recently held in 
Frederick City. She met with show- 
ers of congratulations and applause. 
Miss Smith has already won an en- 
viable reputation as a vocalist and 
her popularity is rapidly increasing. 
She took a short vacation, extending 
her tour to Baltimore, Washington 
and Boston. 

Miss Jennie Kreider visited friends 
in Palmyra on the 30th and 31st ult. 

Miss Minnie Bintner, a sister of 
the wife of Rev. D. D. Lowry, has 
changed her boarding place from the 
Ladies' Hall to Rev. Lowry's house. 
She will still pursue her regular 
studies at the College. 

The rule, that the editress of the 
Olive Branch serve a full term, has 
been changed: hereafter the editress 
will be appointed for each evening 
by the censor. 

Select receptions were held March 
30th, by Miss Hattie Lane and Miss 
Anna Brightbill. 

Miss Mame Imboden, who has re- 
cently been on the sick list, has re- 
sumed her work at the college. 

The Y. W. C. A. of the College is 
doing a good work. They do not have 
a permanent leader, but different la- 
dies are chosen to conduct the meet- 
ings. Meetings are held in the colege 
parlors every Saturday evening. 

A number of our ladies are mem- 
bers of the W. C. T. IT., and are 
working in the interest of the Pro- 
hibition Amendment. The editress 
attended the Temperance Conven- 
tion and Mass Meeting held on the 
25th ult. and had the pleasure of 
hearing Senator Colquitt of Georgia 
and the famous Silver Lake Quar- 
tette of New York. 



Kalozetean Literary Society. 

The new term has been ushered 
in, bringing with it some of our for- 
mer members, who were absent for 
several years. 

The election of officers for the 
spring term resulted in the choice of 
Mr. E. O. Burtner as President. 
The applause with which he was 
greeted when he took the presidential 
chair clearby demonstrated that he 
will receive the hearty co-operation 
of every member. 

The anniversary will be on the 
12th inst. All are busily preparing 
for that event. 



" Barkis is still willin'." 

" Jimmie," our editor, went hom 
at the end of last term for the osten. 
sible reason to see his mother, 
writes that he is sick. Yes, ^ 
know what makes him sick. He ha 
a French cousin at home, and henc 
he is sick. 



Philokosmian Literary Society, 

" Esse quam YiderV 



Quite a number of the new sfa. 
dents have joined our ranks. 

We are well pleased to have them 
unite with us, and trust our union 
may prove beneficial. 

W. M. Hain proves his devotion 
to L. Y. C. by soliciting students. 
He is as devoted to P. L. S. as ever 
and wishes us abundant success. 

On Friday evening, 8th ult., the 
Society visited the Clionians, our 
sister society, and was entertained 
and profited. May success crown 
the efforts of the C. L. S. 

On the 14th ult. the Seniors dined 
at the home of Rev. S. D. Faust, on 
Main street. They report a pleasant 
time, a magnificent repast and a 
clever host and hostess. 

Rev. A. L. Shannon united Miss 
Nora E. Baker, of Shippensburg,and 
Mr. Jacob Schraudenbach in marri- 
age on the 14th ult. 

The exercises held on Friday 
evening, 29th ult., were profitable. 
The debate — ""Mesolved, That the 
war of 1812 was justifiable " — was 
decided in favor of the affirmative. 
The affirmative speakers produced 
the following arguments : 

The English government im- 
pressed our seamen. 

Pressed six thousand Americans 
into service. 

The reciprocity treaty between 
the two nations was broken. 

The English incited the Indians to 
war. They attempted to divide the 
States. They claimed the right to 
search our vessels. The negative 
speakers said : The war was brought 
about by the eloquence of Henry 
Clay. That five days after war was 
declared by the U. S. the English 
government repealed the act on ac- 
count of which the Americans made 
war. In the treaty of Ghent wbicj 
was made, nothing was mentioned 
about the impressment of our sea' 
iri"en, thus proving that was not tb e 
cause of war. That the difficulties 
could have been settled by arbiti* 
tion. Henry Clay was eulogized as 
a model of American statesmen, an 
orator of the first magnitude, a ® &i 
whose ambition and delight was t° 
serve his country. , 

The extemporaneous speaker to' 
us of the relation the nations of tiJ 
earth sustained to each other. 

The declaimer gave us M» rC 
Bozzaris. The burning of Wasbiu?' 



THE COLLEGE FORUM. 



31 



t n was described in an interesting 
manner. 

The biography of Andrew Jackson 
vaS related in a lively manner, es 
necially the act taat to ^ s heing 
Jailed "Old Hickory." 

One of our members read an ar- 
ticle on bustles showing the necessity 
of the patent of this ever-present 
an d important article of furniture. 

Which one of our boys rooms in 
the building and yet don't room, in ? 

In what respect is one of our mem- 
bers similar to Job ? 

Which one of the celestial bodies 
does one of our members most ad 
mire? The report is — He admires 
the moon most because it is similar 
in name to his lady friend whom he 
thinks is celestial — yet earthly. 

MATHEMATICAL CORNER. 

All communications for this department 
should be addressed to Professor of 
Mathematics, Lebanon Valley 
College, Annville, Pa. 

To give our friends time to " catch 
up," we publish no new problems. 
No. 14 (Dec. Forum), and No. 17 
(Jan. Forum), are still unsolved. 

The query — why invert the di- 
visor to divide by a fraction, has 
been variously answered. 

W. H. Washinger says, to indicate 
how often the divisor is contained in 
unity, or to find the reciprocal ol 
the divisor, or for brevity. 

George S. Fisher says, to save 
time and work, and figures ; and to 
save reducing the fractions to a com- 
mon denominator. 

SOLUTIONS. 

No. 21. 

20% of $10, 000 = $2, 000, loss. 
$10,000— $2,000 = 88,000 

$8,000 at 18 % =$1,440, interest. 
$2,000 — $1,440 = $560. 

18 % —4 % =14 % 
$560 = 14 % of the money borrowed. 
Hence $560 -4-14 % = $4,000 — Ans. 

W. H. Washinger. 

No. 22. 

For every 2 hrs. the boat goes down 
the stream it will take \\ hrs. longer to 
come up, and to be 22^ hrs. longer in com- 
' n o up, it wi 1 take as many times two 
jtts. going as \\ hrs. are contained in 22\ 
m - s. or 18 times ; hence it will be going 
« times two or 36 hrs.at 16J mi. per hr.= 
miles. 

Rev. J. G. W. Herold. 

The following was also received ; take 
y°«r choice : 

in-going down stream it goes 16^ mi. 
P er br. ; hence it takes ^ of an hr. to go 

Wile. It comes back at 10 mi. perhr., 
g" 1 m .i- in T V of an hr. ; T \ — A = 3 V 

eiice it loses ^ of an hr. in going 1 mi. 
1 ° lQ se one hr. it would go 26 mi., and to 

miles * hlS ' {t wiU g0 22 * times 26 =585 
W. H. Washinger. 



enigma for college friends. 

I ana composed of 46 letters. 

% 20, 9, 1, 21, 3, 19, 10 is indis- 
pe ?sabl e at L. V. C. 
, % 10, 14, 21, 12, 6,39,17,37,38, 

°> 4J, 15, 29, 43, 11, 41 is what we 

11 1 at L. V. C. 



My 44, 13, 21, 1, 24, 34,40 is what 
we aim to do at L. V. C. 

My 27, 35, 24, 45, 2 is the noisiest 
thing at L. V. C. 

My 4, 38, 46, 31, 25 is a depart- 
ment in L. V. C. 

My 20, 2, 28, 21, 39 is what every 
friend of L. Y. C. reads. 

My 16, 33, 22, 42 is what every- 
body at school has. 

My 30, 36, 27, 7 is what eveiy- 
body at school does. 

My 32, 24, 4, 8, 30, 5, 9, 26 is the 
loneliest thing at L. V. C. 

My whole suggests three things 
about which everybody should talk. 



SCIENCE. 



A very fine Zoological collection 
has been added to the museum, by 
the class in Zoology. It consists of 
the leading types of invertebrates, 
in dried specimens, microscopic 
slides, and alcoholic specimens — all 
properly labeled and arranged. 



and Cygnus just north. Draco and 
Ursa Minor are east of the pole. 
Ursa Major lies just north of the 
Zenith. Cassiopeia is below and 
west of the pole, with Perseus west 
of it, and Auriga still farther west. 
Taurus is on the northwestern hori- 
zon. Just west of Leo are Gemini 
and Cancer. Orion is near the west- 
ern horizon, Canis Major southwest 
and Canis Minor above and between 
the last two. 



Meteorology for March. 

TEMPERATURE. 



Time. 

7 a. m. 
1 p.m. 
6 p. m., 



Average. Lowest. Highest- 
33:°58 24° 42 
45:°81 30° 64 
41:°02 28° 56 



Whole month, 40:°17 24° 64 

The face of the sky in ninety-three 
observations gave — fair, 39 ; over- 
cast, 23 ; cloudy, 11 ; rainy, 17 ; 
snow, 3. 

The season advanced into Spring 
rapidly from the middle of the 
month, being fully three weeks earlier 
than the last five preceding spring- 
seasons. 



Astronomy for April. 

Mercury is quite near the sun and 
cannot be seen during the month. 

Venus is still the evening star, but 
is rapidly approaching the sun, and 
will become morning star about May 
1st. 

Mars sets about one hour after 
the sun, and cannot be seen to ad- 
vantage during the month. 

Jupiter rises about 1:15 on the 
first of April in the constellation of 
Sagittarius. 

Saturn is in the western part of 
the constellation Leo, about 15° N. 
of Regulus. 

Uranus is in Yirgo near the star 
Spica. 

Neptune is south and east of the 
Pleiades. 

CONSTELLATIONS. 

At about 9 p. m. the Constella- 
tions have the following positions. 

Leo, on the meridian ; Virgo, in 
the southeast; Libra, just rising in 
the southeast. From the Zenith 
eastward are Coma Bernices, Canes 
Venatici, and east of these, Bootes 
and Corona Borealis. Hercules, just 
above the eastern horizon with Lyra 



The following enigma is sent by a 
friend. We hope to receive a num- 
ber of answers in time for our next 
issue : 

enigma for the physiology class. 

My 20, 9, 18, 1,5, 4 is a structural 
part of a tooth. 

My 3, 18, 10, 17, 20, 2, 4, 21 is a 
part of the absorbent system. 

My 1, 20, 15, 6; 4, 3, 13 is a part 
of the nervous system. 

My 19, 2, 17, 20, 4, 3, 18 is a small 
bone. 

My 14, 18, 8, 4, 21 is a modifica- 
tion of the epidermis. 

My 12, 19, 3, 5, 20, 14 is an organ 
in the abdominal cavitv. 

My 11,4, 14, 18 is a long bone. 

My 10, 8, 3, 8, 18, 17, 20, 15 names 
the condition of the walls of the 
small respiratory tubes. 

My 1, 11, 16, 10, 3, 5 is an abun- 
dant tissue. 

My 2, 17, 4, 13, 7 is a bone of the 
trunk. 

My 10, 2, 14, 18, 3, 8, 10, 6, 4, 8 is 

the name of a peculiar microscopic 

structure of bone. 

My whole names an important part 

of a very important organ of sense- 
Please send answers to Editor of the 

Science Corner of College Forum. 

READER'S CORNER. 

Language Exercises, by C. C. Long, 
published by Van Antwerp, Bragg & Co., 
Cincinnati, is a very remarkable work, ex- 
cellently adapted to the different grades 
of pupils. It teaches the child to use lan- 
guage and express its thoughts in sen- 
tences. It is free from definitions and 
grammatical technicalities which are al- 
ways an impediment rather than an 
advantage in preparing the child to ex- 
press his thoughts with freedom and ease. 
It is the best work published in language 
for elementary classes. It is a marvel in 
excellence. 

The April Century is a centennial num- 
ber, one-half its pages being devoted to 
this subject, including a historical sketch 
of "The Inauguration of Washington." 
Besides this amount of profusely illus- 
trated centennial matter, the magazine 
treats of a variety of subjects by such 
authors as Mrs. Foote, George Kennan, 
Remington, Harry S. Edwards, Miss 
Viola Roseboro, George H. Bates, Thomas 
Wentworth Higginson, Christopher P. 
Cranch, etc. 

"Some Aspects of the Samoan Ques- 
tion" is an interesting paper. The 
"Topics of the Time" and " Open Let- 
ters" are full of things interesting and 
practical. The number throughout sus- 
tains the Century's high reputation. 



32 



THE COLLEGE EOEUM. 



A Woodland Scene. 

From Homer. 

Around the cave trees grew in ut- 
most beaut} 7 — alders,and poplars and 
fragrant-scented cypresses, in which 
all birds of plentiful wing had nests 
— owls and hawks and long-tongued 
water-fowl that plunge into the sea 
waves. The cave in front was spread 
with a green vine, clustering with 
ripe grapes. Four springs ran with 
limpid water near to each other, flow- 
ing here and there ; around a mead- 
owy ground was seen covered with 
violets and green parsley ; such a 
spot even a god might admire and 
wander over with delight. 



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-a* printing Rouge. 

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special regard to the prompt execution, in 
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of commercial printing. Sale bills and post- 
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chinery, as well as a number of new type 
faces, which, together with our large variety 
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passed facilities. Estimates furnished Or- 
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WARFEL & GEIST, Proprietors. 




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ANNVILLE, PA. 



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1 



— ~, — — 



Lebanon Valley College 



VOL. II. No. 5. 



ANNVILLE, PA, MAT 1889. 



Whole No. 17. 



EDITORS. 

FACULTY. 
Rev. E. S. Lorenz, A. M., B. D., President. 
H. Clay Deanbr, A. M., Professor of Latin. 
Geo. W. Bowman, A. M., Professor of Science, 
j. E. Lehman, A.M., Professor of Mathematics. 
Rev.W. S. Ebersole, A. M., Professor of Greek. 
Mibs Alice M. Evers, B. S., 

Professor of Instrumental Music. 
Miss Ella Smith, M. A., 

Professor of Vocal Culture. 
Miss Etta R. Hott, Ph. B., 

Professor of English Language. 
Miss F. Adelaide Sheldon, Professor of Art. 



ASSOCIATE EDITORS 
Clionian Society— Miss Loula S. Funk. 
Philokosmian Soc'y— Rev. W. H. Washinger. 
Kalozetean Society— J. T. Spangler. 



PUBLISHING AGENT. 
Rev. M. O. Lane, Financial Agent. 

All communications or items of news 
should toe sent to the President. Subscrip- 
tions should toe sent to the Publishing 
Agent. 

THE COLLEGE EOKCM will be sent 
monthly for one year on receipt of twenty- 
five cents. Subscriptions received at any 
time. 

For terms of advertising, address the 
Publishing Agent. 

Entered at the Post Office at Annville, Pa., 
as second-class mail matter. 

EDITORIAL. 

After an absence of eight months 
spent in a school whose students all 
matriculate unwillingly, and pursu- 
ln g studies that open more nrysteries 
than they solve, and develop faith 
rather than memory, imagination or 
reason, but whose value we believe 
18 as much greater than our ordinary 
academical studies as eternity is 
greater than time, the editor re- 
sumes his chair. During his ab- 
sence the College Forum has been 
a % cared for under the general di- 
ction of Prof. Deaner, and its 
readers have suffered no loss. The 
Acuity and financial agent who di- 
^ed among them the work of their 
^icted associate in a loyal and 

r ge hearted way which was more 
^_ an admirable, are hereby tendered 

8 sincere and most earnest thanks. 

^Here are two classes of wise 
^ n "~-those who know what ought 
to be done, and those who knqw 



what ought to be done, and how to 
do it. The latter class contains the 
elect. It strikes us that it has had 
all too little influence in the coun- 
sels of the church in the past, and 
trust that men of positive and ag- 
gressive wisdom, wise to plan and 
strong to execute, will be called to 
leadership hereafter. Our fry wheel 
has been out of all proportion to the 
power of our engine, and its inertia 
has prevented a good deal of desira- 
ble and important movement. Can 
we not transfer to the driving wheels 
some of the energy now misapplied 
to the air-brake ? 



Horace Mann said, " Scrape, stint, 
starve, do anything but steal to edu- 
cate the mind." In all our schools 
there are many who economize, toil 
and deprive themselves of comforts 
that they can remain at college. 
They are worthy, noble Christian 
young people. Their hearts faint as 
they try to bear up under the many 
discouragements. It is poor com- 
fort, yet never give up. We would 
like to help you with that which 
gives peace of mind and bring en- 
couragement to 3'our heart. " Diffi- 
culties are God's errands." They 
touch those keys in your nature 
which bring out its sweetest har- 
mony. They prepare you for those 
positions of honor and usefulness 
which awaits you in the future. 
When the darkness thickens and the 
gloom grows heavy, remember the 
blessed words " I can do all things 
through Christ which strengtheneth 



There are many young men in our 
church who, if a little help could be 
given them, would become cultured 
and consecrated for the church. 
The church is suffering an incalcula- 
ble loss, not only in a cultured min- 
istry, but scores of our noble sons 
and daughters go to sister denomi- 



nations because tbey offer to help 
them. Our young men do not go to 
other schools because ours is infe- 
rior, but because of the inducements 
financially offered. Our schools are 
superior in many respects. They 
are the best for United Brethren 
children. Yet that does not stop 
them from going. Our children will 
be educated. The worthy indigent 
should be assisted. If not, they will 
go where they will receive help. Can 
we find fault with them for going ? 
If we do not heed their petitions can 
we reasonably expect them to do 
otherwise? Let there be united 
prayer that the wealth of the church 
become a beneficence in a large and 
Christian measure. Such a benefi- 
cence will give life and efficiency to 
the church and make her invulnera- 
ble against the attacks of her adver- 
saries. 



The General Conference and Edu- 
cation. 

It is no accident that the General 
Conference that lays the foundations 
for the broader church life of the 
future contains a considerable num- 
ber of the graduates of our colleges 
and of the Seminary. We see a di- 
vine purpose in it. It indicates 
that a special work is to be done. 
We have had a quaclrennium of mis- 
sions which results in the payment 
of a large missionary debt with the 
exception of a small portion, re- 
sponsibility for the collection of 
which is definitely located, and will, 
we trust, be closely pressed. The 
next onward step is the relief of our 
educational work, which is laboring 
under a burden too grievous longer 
to be borne and threatens to disgrace 
the church in the eyes of the world 
and, what is worse, in the eyes' of 
God. Not only should the impulse 
for this relief come from the ap- 
proaching General Conference, but 



34 



THE COLLEGE FORUM. 



definite measures and provision 
made to secure this peremptory 
needed result. What, and how is it 
to be done? We wish in a synopti- 
cal way to consider the present con- 
dition of our educational work, its 
causes, the remedy, and how General 
Conference can apply it. 

The educational situation can be 
best described by the following 
representative fact. The three lead- 
ing colleges of the church have debts 
aggregating nearly if not quite 
$200,000, with an annual interest of 
over $12,000. To offset this large 
aggregate there are contingent assets 
of considerable nominal value. But 
no shrewd business man would give 
twenty-five per cent, on their face 
value in cash for these assets, and 
the interest they bring in is quite in- 
significant. The endowment funds of 
these three colleges reach the total 
of $200,000, certainly a handsome 
looking sum in print, but, alas, these 
endowment funds are to a great ex- 
tent unfunded and unproductive, 
and the total annual income from 
endowment will not average $8,000. 
That is to say, the income from en- 
dowment will not meet the interest 
of outstanding debts by over $4,000. 
Add to this sum the inevitable deficit 
in the running expenses of these col- 
leges which amounts annually to from 
$10,000 to $15,000, and the road to 
bankruptcy lies plain before our eyes, 
and the end all too near. If we were 
to investigate our other institutions, 
we should find a less rather than a 
more favorable condition. It may 
be we have our pessimistic eye- 
glasses on, but there are times when 
pessimism is healthy and optimism a 
snare and a delusion. 

What is the cause? The causes 
are many ; the early prejudices 
against education in our church, its 
genius for producing a change of 
character rather than for nurturing 
or developing it, the rural character 
of our people bringing less sense of 
the need of education, the fixedness 
and unremunerativeness of the finan- 
cial capital of our people invested as 
it almost exclusively is in farms and 
rural property, the lack of academi- 
cal training among our ministers, are 
among the more important ones. 
The chief trouble, however, is that 
there has been no systematic effort 



made to counteract these adverse 
influences. We have been trying to 
reap without sowing. We have tried 
to get money from our people for 
an object in which they had no 
spontaneous interest and in which 
no effort had been made to 
get them interested before asking 
their assistance. Of course a little 
has been done, but of a very casual 
and sporadic character. The Tele- 
scope has always helped incidentally 
and has recently opened a special 
department. Our college papers re- 
cently founded are doing effective 
work. But taking the kindliest pos- 
sible view of what has been done to 
give our people an intelligent appre- 
ciation of the value of education, it 
has been pitifully inadequate. 

The remedy then lies on the sur- 
face — create in the people an intelli- 
gent enthusiasm over the subject of 
education by systematic and thor- 
ough instruction and encouragement, 
by the pulpit, the press, by special 
methods and plans — by every avenue 
by which we can reach them. Let 
the church concentrate the power of 
its organization — a power which is 
left unused all too much — through 
its bishops, presiding elders, minis- 
ters, laymen, upon the subject of ed- 
ucation during the next four years, 
and by special measures and methods 
wisely planned, and, what is just as 
important and too often neglected, 
energetically executed, wake a very 
furore in the church upon the subject 
which shall be skillfully used for not 
only the relief, but the proper equip- 
ment of our institutions of learning. 

Now what can this General Con- 
ference do to apply this remedy ? 
May we suggest the following : 

1. Let the General Conference pro- 
vide for a quadrennium of educa- 
tional agitation, an aggressive cam- 
paign systematically outlined and 
thoroughly organized whose purpose 
shall be announced as the raising 
of at least half a million. 

2. The conference should instruct 
the Board of Bishops in a very definite 
way to emphasize this phase of the 
church's work in every possible way, 
by addresses in open conference, by 
particular insistence upon the duties 
of presiding elders and itinerants to' 
this cause in their examination of 
these officials, and, leaving the dedi- 



cation of churches to other equally 
competent persons, make the instru c . 
tion of the people in their dutj- 1 
education the leading feature of their 
episcopal tours through their respec. 
tive districts. That our bishops have 
been too modest and realized too 
little the tremendous influence they 
may wield in behalf of the general 
interest of the church must be their 
sufficient apology for using it so lit. 
tie in the past; but having definite 
instructions from the General Con- 
ference there will be no room for this 
modesty, admirable and charming as 
it is in itself. 

3. Elect a board of bishops whose 
sympathies with the educational 
work are so aggressive as to make 
the work suggested above a pleasure, 
not a task. 

4. Elect as editor of the Telescope 
a man who shall develop even fur- 
ther the educational plans of the pres- 
ent administration, whose sympathy 
with such a general movement shall 
have a contagious power, and who 
will not only have the will but t 
ability to make the theme not only 
palatable to his readers but also 
convincing and inspiring. 

5. Let there be a general educa- 
tional secretary elected whose whole 
time shall be devoted to the cause and 
whose duty it shall be to prepare ed- 
ucational literature of all kinds, and 
in a variety of forms, with which our 
church should be sown knee deep hi 
a systematic way, who shall be in 
more or less frequent communica- 
tion with every presiding elder and 
itinerant, suggesting, inspiring and 
filling with enthusiasm and courage 
the whole organization of the church 
from the humblest layman to the 
most influential bishop. He is to f 
the seed sower, not the reaper. Tb lS 
office should be filled with a man. $ 
must have physical as well as ment^ 
vigor, quick minded and fertile 1,1 
expedients, ready with his tong» e ° r 
his pen, full of instinct for orga" 1 ' 
zation and indomitable in the ex ecU 
tion of his plans, and withal a ^ 
filled with the magnetism of 
Holy Ghost. We believe the cha^ 
has just such a man and should D °| 
allow the public schools to rob it 
his invaluable services. 

6. Commit to the Board of E dfl< * 
tion the duty of preparing a p^' 1 



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av t 
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caID paign and adjusting- its relations 
t the various institutions of the 
Church. As the work of reaping 
should probably be left to these to a 
j ar ge extent there might be need for 
definite understanding as to the 
claims of the subordinate and supe- 
rior schools and particularly of 
Union Biblical Seminary. This once 
done, arid bishops, editors, presiding 
elders, itinerants, and the mass of 
the laymen of the church combining 
to reinforce the educational workers 
the results cannot but be gratifying, 
and we shall no longer need to hide 
our faces in shame when educators 
of other churches inquire regarding 
our scholarly and academical re- 
sources. 

7. Let us have a " College Day " 
for the whole church which shall be 
made a permanent feature of our 
church life. There can be union of 
effort in awakening interest, while in 
utilizing it for financial purposes the 
institutions of the church can be al- 
lowed to use the plans best adapted 
to their co-operating territory. 

This is no new plan. Eight years 
ago the General Conference provided 
for a campaign of eighteen months, 
but set no mark to be reached, and 
provided no one to push it. The plan 
was good, but it was not carried out. 
A machine may be ever so good, 
but it will be a failure unless back 
of it is fire and steam and engine. 
Moreover, the mind of the church 
was engrossed with another subject 
which is now, we trust, settled for- 
ever. We believe our church is now 
ready for such a movement. If 
some of our colleges are not to 
o° down in shame, they must 
•nstitute such a campaign in their 
°wn territory at any rate, and if 
whole church could be inter- 
red and moved, the inspiration and 
e uthusiasm would be doubled and 
the desired results reached with a 
minimum of cost and effort. Shall 
We not have such an educational 

boom ? " and shall not the era of a 
broader and more progressive church 

^ be opened by a correction of the 
Stakes of our fathers on this vital 
^estion ? 



*Pt enjoyment, and not sorrow 
Is our destined end or way, 
ut to live that each to-morrow 
Bl- ings us nearer than to-day. 

—Longfellow. 



The Centennial. 

April 30th, the centennial of the 
inauguration of George Washington 
as the first President of the United 
States, was observed in a way be- 
coming so great an event. The regu- 
lar duties were suspended and the 
day was set apart for the nation's 
anniversary jubilee. The ladies 
were the first to catch the inspiration 
of the day. From the cupola and 
each window was unfurled the stars 
and stripes, the emblem of liberty 
and freedom. The gentlemen, not 
to be outdone by the noble, patriotic 
daughters of Columbia, climbed to 
the top of the spire of the cupola of 
the main building and swung a flag 
which proudly floated to the breeze, 
and struck the college bell one hun- 
dred times. How those chimes re- 
minded us of the old bell in Inde- 
pendence Hall, Philadelphia, which 
rang out that the Declaration of In- 
dependence was decided upon, and 
which " proclaimed liberty to all the 
land and all the inhabitants there- 
of." 

During the afternoon the gentle- 
men paraded through town to the 
step of martial music, and then as- 
sembled in the campus where ad- 
dresses were made apropos to the 
occasion by Professors Ebersole, 
Lehman, and Deaner, and Messrs. 
E. S. Bowman and Schlosser. The 
addresses were full of patriotism, 
and were commemorative of the 
great event, the anniversary of the 
birthday of Constitutional Govern- 
ment and of the great man, America's 
greatest hero, under whose govern- 
ment we have lived so happily for a 
century. " My Country 'tis of Thee," 
was sung. Even the birds seemed 
to take up the strain as more than a 
hundred voices sang out in song, 
"protect us by thy might, Great 
God, our King." 

Mr. R. S. Harp, the chief marshal 
of the day, urged all to be true to 
their country and to take to heart 
the noble utterance of this great 
hour, and then dismissed the 
crowd. 

The ladies repaired to the parlor 
of the Lady's Hall. Their reserving 
the " best wine" for the close of the 
celebration showed woman's tact and 
skill. After singing " My Country 
'tis of Thee," an account of the first 
inauguration was read by Miss 
Stehman. Miss Smith sang " My 
Native Land," which was responded 
to with many hearty cheers. The 
religious character of George Wash- 
ington was given by Miss Rice. 
" The Star Spangled Banner" was 
then sung. " Under the Elms," by 
Lowell, was read by Miss Quigley. 
All united in singing the " Red, 
White and Blue," the emblem of 
one country, one government and 
one constitution. 



Personals. 

[Any announcement of personals in So- 
ciety items will not be repeated here. ] 

Miss Quigley had a very pleasant 
visit from her mother on the 10th 
ult. 

Prof. Deaner will deliver the ad- 
dress on Decoration Day in Annville. 

Prof. Lehman's daughter, Rheba, 
had been quite ill, but has recovered. 

Mrs. Lorenz was very unfortunate 
on the 19th ult. While lifting a glass 
tureen full of warm fruit, it broke, 
cutting her hand and burning several 
of her fingers very badly. No se- 
rious effects have resulted. 

Mrs. Lorenz delivered the annual 
address before the Branch Mission- 
ary Society of East Pennsylvania 
Conference, which met at Lebanon. 
Miss Hott and Prof. Lehman also 
made addresses. 

Messrs. S. D. Faust and W. H. 
Washinger spoke on the Prohibition 
Amendment in the Town Hall, the 
25th ult. Music was furnished by 
the Prohibition Amendment quar- 
tette, led by Prof. Lehman. 

Mr. John Light had been sick 
with a slight attack of pneumonia. 
He is now attending classes. 

Prof. Snoke, county superintend- 
ent, delivered a very excellent ad- 
dress before the Normal class. Other 
addresses will be given by him dur- 
ing the term. 

Prof. Lehman, on May 3d, helped 
to examine the graduating class of 
the High School of Hummelstown. 

Miss Smith favored the students 
at chapel with a solo. It was very 
much enjoyed by all. 

Miss Annie Gensemer has entered 
college to take painting. 

Bishop Flickinger preached in the 
U. B. Church on May 5th. Services 
were especially interesting and well 
attended. 

Brother Gomer gave an illustrated 
lecture in the church on our Mission 
Work in Africa, May 4th, and on 
the evening of the 5th preached. 



KATAKEKOMMENA. 

How lovely 1 What ? A spark of 
love, the diamond in the engagement 
rings. 

A new pavement is being put in 
front of the Ladies' Hall. This will 
greatly improve the entrance to the 
building. 

The students have organized reg- 
ular base ball nines. All lovers of 
ball may expect some champion 
games played in the near future. 

The public recital of both vocal 
and instrumental music last month 
was a real success. The program 
was rendered without the use of 
music, and proved most gratifying 
to the teachers in charge. 

May 4, a friendly game of base 
ball was played between the College 



36 



THE COLLEGE FORUM. 




nine and the Fredericksburg nine. 
The game resulted in favor of the 
home nine. 

Our students are very temperate. 
They are advocates of reform. Des- 
pite what is said and done there is a 
social glass to which many of the 
gentlemen are addicted — the mirror. 
But this is the anniversary season. 

The Maryland students have held 
their annual election of officers with 
the following result : Prof. Deaner, 
President ; Samuel Evers, Secretary 
and John L. Keedy, Treasurer. The 
. public meeting will be held in Kee- 
dy sville, Md., July 24. Programme 
will appear later. 

On Easter Sabbath morning Pres- 
ident Lorenz's beautiful service was 
used in the chapel. Prof. Ebersole 
led the services, and responses were 
made by the choir. Rev. D. D. 
Keedy led in prayer. There were 
two readings by lady students. The 
rostrum was decorated with potted 
plants and cut flowers. The music 
was well rendered. 

The faculty have resumed their 
weekly talks in the chapel. The 
opening talk was by Prof. Deaner, 
on Facts. Professor Bowman spoke 
on Electricity. He made a practical 
application by giving the students 
an electrical shock. Professor Leh- 
man spoke on a College Course 

who should take it, and the difficul- 
ties in taking it. 

The College Cap has come, bring- 
ing with it joys and " Oh ! how nice 
they are" from scores of ardent 
admirers. They are a practical appli- 
cation of " a thing of beauty is a joy 
forever." The gentlemen think they 
are becoming to all the ladies. In 
fact, they improve their complexion. 
The ladies feel as if a few of the 
gentlemen have gone down in theirs 
to sta} 7 . 

On Tuesday evening, May 1st, 
Rev. Bates, pastor of the Reformed 
Church, Johnstown, Pa., spoke in 
the College Chapel, on the Prohi- 
bition Amendment. He urged the 
necessity of all christian people uni- 
ting to fight the great evil of intem- 
perance. The Quartette entertained 
the audience with some very taking 
songs. 

Arrangements are in making to 
have the parlor of Ladies' Hall re- 
papered. Additional furniture of 
antique design has been purchased. 
Mats and rugs are secured, all of 
which will give the parlor a homelike 
appearance. The funds were secured 
from the proceeds of the calisthenical 
entertainment given by the ladies. 

The Normal class is well attended. 
The work of Profs. Stauffer and Bat- 
dorf is very thorough, and good 
results have been obtained. The 
class contains most excellent young 
ladies and gentlemen who are wide 
awake to their best interests. They 



are a class of teachers and prospect- 
ive teachers that will bring life and 
force to their work. 

There was great excitement in the 
Reading Rooms. Scream after scream 
was heard in rapid succession. Many 
and grave were the apprehensions. 
Brave rescuers were soon on hand, 
fully armed to repel any kind of in- 
vaders. To their surprise the excite- 
ment was the presence of a little 
mouse who had been attracted by 
the sweet cadence of song. After 
considerable effort this monstrum 
horendum was killed. With a smile 
of satisfaction the manly courage of 
the noble hero was admired by those 
whose life had been in such peril. 



LITERARY SOCIETIES. 



Clionian Literary Society. 

Virtute et Fide. 

Miss Mary Erisman was called 
home April 29th to attend the fu- 
neral of her grandmother. 

Miss Carrie Eby spent a week at 
New York during the Centennial. 

Miss Ida Bowman, of Annville, 
will accompany her father shortly 
for an extended tour throughout the 
State of Kansas. Many wishes for 
a pleasant and safe journeys. 

The Kalozeteans visited the Cli- 
onians April 29th. 

The following is the programme 
to be rendered May 

AN EVENING AT SEA. 

Instrumental Solo Miss Funk 

Referred Question— "What Effect Does the 
Sea have upon him who spends his Life 

upon it?" Miss Mohn 

Recitation Miss Lane 

Ref. Question— "American Eisheries." 

Miss Keedy 

V ocal Solo Miss Erisman 

Essay—" The Ministries of the Ocean." 

Miss Flick 
History— "The Voyage of Columhus." 

Miss Batdorf 

Description— "A Storm at Sea." . . .Miss Funk 

Vocal Solo Miss Lane 

Debate— "Resolved, We Are More Indebted 
for Our Progress as a Nation to Naviga- 
tion than to Railroads " 

Affirmative, Miss Reed 
Negative, Miss Saylor 
Vocal Quartette, Misses Lane, Reed, Erisman 
and Sayloi-. 



Kalozetean Literary Society. 

The editor is again at his desk, 
having entirely recovered from his 
late illness. Many thanks to the as- 
sistant editor for his kindness in 
writing ttie items for the former is- 
sue, notwithstanding the fact that 
some of his statements tried the in- 
credulity of the readers. This will, 
of course, be overlooked, when it is 
remembered that it was Will's first 
attempt, and that, of late, he has 
been so much taken up with his 
" Betsy," as he calls her, as to cause 
him to imagine strange things. 
Will speaks from his own experience 
and hence imagines that all others 
are like himself. He certainly has 
our sympathy in these, his days of 




air castle building and of that 
whelming disease, "first love." 

Anniversary is past and the boy s 
feel greatly relieved, the burden 
having successfully- fallen from their 
shoulders. Many thanks to the 
friends who aided in making it a 
success. 

The society is greatly indebted to 
M iss Sallie Mark for her kindness in 
painting and arranging the two 
plaques which were exhibited in 
the chapel on anniversary evening, 
She is also painting a large picture 
for the decoration of the society 
hall. We take this opportunity to 
tender to Miss Mark our sincere 
thanks for this kindness, which, I 
am sure, all appreciate very highly, 

For services rendered at the late 
anniversary, the society presented to 
Miss Ella Smith, professor of voice 
culture of L. Y. C., the figure of a 
stag in bronze. Thanks to Miss 
Smith for bringing the musical part 
of the programme to success. 

Friday evening, April 26th, was 
spent with the Clionians. They 
presented a very entertaining and 
instructive program. All were pleased 
with the exercises of the evening 
which were gone through with credit 
to the performers. The Clionians 
have the best wishes of the Kaloze- 
teans for future success and 
perity. 

At a called meeting Monday, 
April 29th, it was decided to invite 
the Philokosmians to the session on 
Friday evening, May 10th, in return 
for the invitation which we received 
and of which we took opportunity 
during the winter term. We are 
hoping to give them a very pleasant 
entertainment. " Let brotherly love 
continue." 

The anniversary budget announced 
the coming of an exhibition at which 
will be exhibited the following curi- 
osities : a key to an elephant's trunk, 
a hair from the head of navigation 
a feather from the wings of the 
wind, a drop of blood from the hea 
of a stone, a boot from the fool of 
mountain, a tooth from the mouth 
of the Mississippi River, some straff 
from the bed of a river, a stone jug 
from the bar of justice, several 
jeweled watches of the night, and » 
journal kept by the respectable f e " 
male Aunty Domini. 

Among late callers were Messrs. 
W. D. Shupe, of Yale University) 
D. A. Peters, druggist, Steelton, P a '< 
G. W. Balsbaugh,of Harrisburg,a D(i 
U. S. G. Renm, of Manheim, 
The last three named were here 10 
attendance at the anniversary. 



pros- 



Hi Bi 
]e fa 



Kalozetean Anniversary. 

With the return of April 12th re- 
turned also the occasion of the K 9 _ 
ozetean Literary Society Ann| ve ^ 
sary, which, for the first time h 




THE COLLEGE FORUM. 



37 



number of years, fell upon a rainy 
evening- Notwithstanding the dis- 
agreeable weather the chapel was 
early filled with an anxious audience, 
which amused itself by comments 
n the weather and the modest deco- 
ration of the rostrum. In the recess 
f the rear rostrum wall hung the 
society banner of silk and gold, 
while at either side of the recess, 
above the bracket chandeliers hung 
j ar cre beautifully finished plaques, 
snugly tucked in square patterns, 
the one of green, the other of garnet 
plush. In the tall windows, on 
either side of the plaques, adding a 
classic air, stood upon pedestals the 
busts of Socrates and Plato, over- 
looking the rostrum furnished with 
a comfortable parlor suit, with a rug 
before each easy chair and the 
officers' desks and chairs, with a little 
plant life at either side of the pres- 
ident's chair to add freshness, and 
footlights at the front of the rostrum 
to add luster, to the effect. 

Applause at the rear of the chapel 
soon announced that the speakers 
and officers were entering. When 
they had taken their places and the 
applause had ceased, the president, 
Mr. E. 0. Burtner, of '90, in a few 
pleasant words introduced the pro- 
gram. After a solo by Mr. J. H. 
Von Neida, Pastor D. D. Lowery 
offered the invocation, and the fol- 
lowing program was rendered : 

Quartette— "Robin Adair" Dudley Buck 

Messrs. Von Neida, levers, Walmer and 
Kindt. 

INVOCATION. 
Vocal Solo— "My Lady's Bower." HopeTemple 

Harry A. Walmer. 
Ovation—" No Substitute for Brains." 

Rev. J. H. Von Neida 
German Declamation— "Die Drei Ringe." 
„ W. H. Kindt. Lessing 
tocal Duette— "The Fisherman." Gabussi 

Messrs. J. H. Von Neida and H. A. Walmer. 

assay-" Polite Culture." S. J. Evers 

declamation— "Maclaine's Child." 

u, J. A. Shoemaker. Chas. Mackay 

'Olo with Quintette— "The Bird." Soederborg 

Messrs. T. W. Spangler, Von Neida, Burt- 
„ ner, Evers, Walmer and Kindt, 
wation— "The Signs of Our Times." 
R , Rev. J. N. Munden 

r, ( 'get, J. T. Spangler, Editor 

solo with Quintette— "Who Cares"' A.L.Mora 

Messrs. S. J. Evers, Von Neida, Spangler, 
Burtner, Walmtr and Kindt. 

.Mr. Von Neida's oration began 
with a reference to the reply of an 
Austrian Wit to one who declared 
imself to be almost as big a man as 
Humboldt because he lacked but four 
0u nces of Humboldt's weight. "Yes," 
Said ^e Wit, " but those four ounces 
J re brains". The orator proceeded 
a ? t s . now that true greatness is not 
i ined by a process of aping, but 
y putting the brains through a 
Process of careful education. " No 
e "Would assume the stage move- 
ments of John B. Gough, and claim 
enl a S rea, t lecturer, or the slov- 
habits of Dr. Johnson to make 



timself a great conversationalist, or 
yild insanity of Cowper and 



the 



Cal1 himself a poet" 
gj ,^ r - Kindt with a good deal of 
Ce and force gave a German reci- 



tation. The larger part of the audi- 
ence was able to appreciate the effort 
and the reciter easily held the atten- 
tion of those who could not under- 
stand the language, 

Mr. Evers read an interesting essay 
which he introduced by saying that 
ancient and modern attainments pre- 
sent themselves as the summits of 
twin mountains, separated by the 
valley of the Dark Ages. He com- 
pared ancient and modern polite cul- 
ture, tracing many likenesses and 
placing them nearly on a level with 
each other. A closing thought was 
that it is the duty of American 
women to raise and maintain a still 
higher standard of culture. 

Mr. Shoemaker held the audience 
in rapt attention throughout his 
recitation. The selection was a 
difficult one, requiring great intensity 
and the expression of mixed emo- 
tions. The rendition showed a great 
deal of patient care in preparation, 
and not a little ability. 

Mr. Spangler 's Budget has received 
the comment " the best paper ever 
read from that rostrum." It was full 
of personalities, and yet the points of 
the arrows were so skillfully tem- 
pered that no one was wounded. 
The merit of the Budget was in its 
wit, which was by no means of the 
common sort. 

Rev. J. N. Munden, of Braddock, 
Pa., a zealous Kalozetean of former 
years, did himself, his society, and 
the college great credit. The au- 
dience was held without fatigue 
through much the greater part of 
an hour by his spicy treatment 
of" The Signs of Our Times." He 
stated that he was not a pessi- 
mist, neither was he blind to the dis- 
astrous results of unchecked evil 
tendencies ; that America's foes are 
those of her own household, found, 
among others, to be disrespect for au- 
thority, the spirit of anarchy, monop- 
olies and the saloon. He found in 
the uncomplimentary names that 
children apply to their parents, and 
the great popularity which attended 
" Peck's Bad Boy," an evidence 
of disrespect for authority in the 
home ; the same spirit was to be 
found in the schools and colleges, 
among employes of capitalists break- 
ing out in strikes, till it reached its 
zenith in organized anarchy. He 
predicted another Haymarket Square 
tragedy in the near future, unless the 
power of moneyed monopolies be 
restricted. He proceeded to run the 
advocates of anarchy and misrule to 
their resorts and found them in the 
saloon which he then attacked as 
fostering antagonism to our institu- 
tions and laying at the foundation of 
everything that threatens calamity 
to the nation. 

The music was of rare excellence 
and a delightful surprise to all. A 



greater variety and excellence of 
musical talent was exhibited than 
the boys were supposed to possess. 
This part of the programme was 
prepared under the direction of Miss 
Smith, who afterwards received from 
the Society, as the reporter is in- 
formed, a magnificent bronze group, 
as an imperfect expression of grati- 
tude. 

One of the most successful anni- 
versaries yet rendered closed the 
twelfth year in the history of the 
Kalozetean Literary Society. 

Taw. 



Philokosmian Literary Society. 



"Esse quam Videri." 

We deem it necessary to inform 
our friends that the majority of our 
members have chosen professions. 
The following is the list : Eighteen 
ministers, one lawyer, three doctors, 
ten teachers, one inventor, one edi- 
tor, one telegraph operator, two base 
ball pitchers, three stenographers. 
Four are undecided, and will assist 
the other members in their profes- 
sions until they decide. The lawyer 
is very lonely. He has no opposi- 
tion, and, sony to state, no clients. 
He is convinced that this is a second 
Utopia — hence no need of a lawyer. 

We devoted the evening of the 
26th ult. to the interest of the Con- 
stitutional Prohibition Amendment 
of the manufacture and sale of in- 
toxicating liquors. The following 
is the programme : 

Declamation. The present crisis. 

Extempore. How will the vote of 
Massachusetts affect the vote of 
Pennsylvania ? 

Essay. What will prohibition do? 

Discussion. Will prohibition in- 
jure business ? 

Oration. High license a failure. 

Address. Prohibition as a prin- 
ciple. 

Discussion. Resolved that no 
minister can consistently do other- 
wise than work and vote for the 
Prohibition Amendment. 

Temperance Reading. Drinking 
a tear. 

Debate. Resolved, that prohibi- 
tion does not interfere with personal 
liberty. 

Our members, with one or two ex- 
ceptions, will work and vote for 
prohibition. Those who are not able 
to vote will sympathize. 

We decided that prohibition does 
not interfere with personal liberty, 
and does not injure business. 

The Endowment Fund Committee 
are ready for work. " Friends " 
don't be frightened or indifferent 
when the members approach you. 
Don't frame excuses but do your 
duty. 

Prof. H. T. Stauffer is our es- 
teemed president. 



38 



THE COLLEGE FORUM. 



Philokosmian Anniversary. 

May 3d was a gala day at the 
college, being the twenty-second anni- 
versary of the Philokosmian Literary 
Societ}^. The weather was all that 
could be desired. Throughout the 
day, the committees were busy gath- 
ering flowers and ferns. So many, so 
rare and so beautiful were the flowers 
that the rostrum presented the ap- 
pearance of a tropical garden. The 
air was balmy because of the sweet 
fragrance. The motto, with the 
pictures, The American Authors, the 
Presidents of the United States, and 
the founder were in recess of ros- 
trum. The busts of Grecian scions 
made the rostrum look classical and 
scholarly. The audience was an un- 
usually large one, many of whom 
were ex-members. 

The Gr. A. R. of Annville were in 
attendance in a body. 

Prof. H. F. Stauffer, the president, 
in most fitting words, welcomed all. 
The honorary orator, Rev. C. M. 
Hott, was not present on account of 
ill-health. Rev. S. D. Faust, member 
of senior class, led in prayer. 

Mr. E. T. Schlosser was saluta- 
torian. Delightful May, the queen 
of the year, associated with thy out- 
burst of external life, is an event, 
the anniversary of the P. L. S., 
equally fraught with pleasures. The 
history of the Society is made glori- 
ous by its spirit of progressiveness. 
Men of integrity, men of true cour- 
age, men of nobleness of soul, have 
been the product of the Society. To- 
day the same spirit of earnestness is 
displayed. The Society has attained 
a degree of prosperity never before 
experienced in its history. The live 
questions of the political realm, 
standard authors and their works, 
have been discussed. The history 
of nations' glory has been read from 
the voices of the past. A review of 
the grand work of the past gives us a 
quickened appreciation of what has 
been achieved, and reveals a loyal 
and still grand future. Friends and 
ex-members were warmly welcomed. 

Mr. W. H. Washinger was the first 
orator. " The Ideal and the Life" 
was his theme. All have ideals. The 
ideal determines the life. There are 
three classes of ideals — the low, me- 
dium and high. Those having low 
ideals do not appreciate the beauti- 
ful world. Their lives are gloomy. 
They live indifferent to good gov- 
ernment and good society, as if it 
were all of life to live, and all of 
death to die. Those of the second 
are vain and proud, forgetting that 
all the treasures of this world will 
be wreaths of smoke. The third class 
live above the vanity and flattery of 
this world. Their gaze is aimed at 
an awful grandeur. History chroni- 
cles such men as happy. Cromwell, 
John and Charles Wesley, are exam- 



ples. Men of high ideals tower above 
the darkness of this world and re- 
ceive peace and joy from the Son of 
righteousness. They testify that a 
high ideal brings out blossoms of 
joy and gladness in Heaven and 
Earth. 

Mr. E. E. Keedy had a critique on 
" Robert Elsmere." 

The romance is now frequently 
made the means of conveying 
thought. In " Robert Elsmere" 
this truth finds examplification, and 
in addition is an effort to present 
certain spiritual arguments for her 
belief. The book presents her ob- 
ject as being an attempt to simplify 
the difficult mission of religion in 
the world by discarding the supposed 
lumber of Christian theologjr. It is 
the presentation of her own belief, 
which abolishes the whole authority 
of Scripture, church, ministry, sac- 
raments, and the whole means of 
training the individual as a member 
of religious society. Its aim is to 
expel the preternatural" from Chris- 
tianity, and yet keep intact the moral 
and spiritual results. 

The partial argumentation, the 
fallacy in it, and the unnatural con- 
duct of Elsmere to his belief makes 
the impression false and insignifi- 
cant. She has presented her views 
beautifully, yet illogically and un- 
naturally. 

" The Christian Church : Is it de- 
clining?" was the subject of second 
orator, Mr. E. L. Bowman. The palmy 
days of eloquence are past. A 
glimpse at the listless audiences in 
Congress shows how powerless de- 
bate is in that arena. 

Political campaign address seldom 
persuade a hesitating listener. The 
newspaper is purely a financial en- 
terprise. It only represents, not 
creates laws of life. Religious peri- 
odicals are only auxiliaries of the 
pulpits. Hence the press and debate 
are not successful rivals of church. 
" Religion has made an atmosphere 
for science to breathe and science 
has helped religion to free itself 
from burdens of ignorance." 

If Christianity is declining, what is 
it that restrains vice and encourages 
virtue ? What is it that puts non- 
transparent glass in the windows of 
drinking saloons ? 

No, America 1 Thy Church is not 
declining. Thy Church hailed as the 
daughter of liberty, wields mightily 
the sword of the spirit to overcome 
principalities and powers, until man- 
kind shall be happy and the world 
free. 

Mr. C. F. Flook gave a eulogy 
upon " Little Phil." 

The tendency of time is to con- 
centrate fame upon a few leading 
figures. America renders honor to 
whom honor is due, she loves and 
honors all her brave soldiers, yet as 



years roll by many names will 
slowly into oblivion, but not so with 
the nation's renowned hero, Philm 

H. Sheridan. Whether he could 
conduct a successful retreat will 
never be known, for he never 
defeated, no never, and often snatched 
victory from the jaws of defeat. ^ 
a soldier he was a star of the first 
magnitude. As a man he was strong 
and simple, as a commander vigilant 
resourceful, bold, confident, decisive 
and reliable, an unflinching patriot, 

The Society furnished the music 
which was of a high order. 

The opening quartette," Day Beams 
o'er the Sea," by Messrs. Washinger 
Daugherty, Long and S. Stein ; Octet 
"Three Doughty Men," by Messrs, 
Enck, Washinger, Daugherty, Harp, 
S. Stein, Long, Flook, and Shaeffer 
Solo, " The Song that Reached My 
Heart," Mr. Harp ; Quartette, "Ar.. 
nie Laurie," by Messrs. Daugherty, 
Harp, J. Stein and Shaeffer ; Duet, 
" Barcarolle," Messrs. Daugherty 
and Stein ; Solo, '{^frfr Sentinel and 

I, " Mr. Shaeffer ; «uet, " Night 
Breezes," Messrs. Barr and Harp. 

Miss Smith presided aTTthe piano, 
The Society presented her a silver 
cake basket and cake as a token of 
their appreciation of her services. 

Each of the speakers received a 
handsome bouquet. 

This annniversary was in every 
way up to the standard. Its suc- 
cess has brought greater obligations, 
and is but the earnest of great pos- 
sibilities which the near future will 
reveal. 



VOICES FROM THE PAST. 



Parental Responsibility.— Juvenal. 

The examples of vice at home 
more surely and quickly corrupt flS 
when they come into our minds by 
the authority of parents. Perhaps 
one or two young men may spun 1 
these things by which the Titan (tlw 
fabled creator of the human race), 
with a kindlier art and better clay, 
has fashioned hearts. But the foot- 
steps of their fathers, which the) 
ought to shun, led on the rest, an" 
the course of life of old depravity 
which has been demonstrated to 
them for a long time, attracts then}' 
Therefore, refrain from that whic fi 
produces condemnation. There lS 
one powerful reason for this, lest on 1 
children follow our crimes. We & re 
all docile to imitate base and d e ' 
praved examples ; you may see 
Catiline in every people and evef. 
clime, but there will not be a Brat^' 
nor nowhere a Brutus' uncle. 
nothing foul be said and seen wb 1 
enters these doors within which ^ 
father is. Away ! ah, away, the dr. 
of panders, and the song of p araS1 L, 
who nightly riot. The greatest re 



THE COLLEGE FOKUM. 



39 



*88 

tth 
lip 
ild 
ill 
r as 
Led 

A.8 

rst 

°g 
m. 

ive 

s 



erence is due a child. If you are 
contemplating anything base, yo*u 
should not despise the years of the 
child) but let your infant child check 
v ou about to sin. For, if formerly 
you shall have done anything worthy 
of the censor's ire, and shown him- 
self similar to you not only in person 
and in face, but also the son of your 
morals, and who through your foot- 
steps, sins more deeply than you, 
you will reprove and chastise him 
Vith sharp bitterness, and after 
these things you will set about to 
change your will. From whence do 
you dare to assume the front and 
Hbert3 r of a parent, since an old man, 
you do worse things, and the windy 
cupping-glass seeks already a long 
time ahead wanting brains ? When 
a friend is coming to visit you, none 
of your servants will be idle. "Sweep 
the" floor, display shining pillars, let 
the dry spider come down with the 
whole web, let one clean the plain 
silver, another polish the embossed 
plates," the voice of the master 
thunders forth, standing and bran- 
dishing his whip. Therefore, wretch- 
ed man, you tremble, lest your en- 
trance-hall, foul by dogs,should offend 
the eyes o£ a friend who is coming, 
lest your portico should be bespat- 
tered with mud ; and yet one little 
servant could clean this with half a 
bushel of saw-dust. Yet, will you 
not bestir 3-ourself that your son may 
see your home without a blemish and 
free from all crime ? It is worthy 
that you have given a citizen to the 
fatherland and the people, if you act 
that he may be useful to the State, 
of advantage to her fields and useful 
in transacting the affairs both of war 
and peace. For, it will be of impor- 
tance in what arts and moral customs 
you instruct him. The stork feeds 
her young on snakes and the lizard, 
found in the solitary fields. They 
seek the same animals when fiedged. 
The vulture, the herd, dogs and 
crosses beings left, hastens to their 
young and brings a part of the car- 
cass. Therefore, this is the food of 
the vulture when grown, and feeds 
!tself. Whereas the servants of Jove, 
jud birds of noble blood hunt for 
Jhe hare or kid in the forest. Hence 
lle P r ey is for their nest, moreover, 
^hen the young, matured, have 
Poised themselves, hunger stimula- 
tln g them, they hasten to that booty 
which first they had tasted, when 
l **y broke the shell of the egg. 

S K^ me uav l n g a father who reveres 
, baths, worship nothing save 
, 10u ds and the divine power of 
f eav en ; and they think that pork, 
om W h icn their father abstained, 

th not *" rom numan flesh. Soon 
y suffer circumcision. Moreover, 
W USt ° med to despise the Roman 
tjj S ! 'they learn, observe and revere 
Jewish law, which Moses in his 



mysterious volume handed down — 
not to show the way to one unless 
worshiping the same rites — to lead 
the circumcised alone to the spring 
which they seek. But the father is 
in fault, to whom the seventh day 
was a day of inactivity, and he en- 
gaged in no part of life's duties. 



SCIENCE. 



Meteorology for April. 



MATHEMATICAL CORNER. 

All communications for this department 
should be addressed to Professor of 
Mathematics, Lebanon Valley 
College, Annville, Pa. 

Problem No. 14, December Forum, 
has occasioned no little discussion, 
and possibly some hard study on the 
part of some of our friends. It 
comes from a friend in Ohio, who 
wants an arithmetical solution. 

We have about come to the con- 
clusion that arithmetic will not reach 
it ; its pole is not long enough to 
knock that persimmon. A trigonom- 
etric solution is easy and brings the 
following result, — the horse can 
graze over 17553.395 square feet of 
surface. If it is desired we will pub- 
lish the solution next month. 

If any one will solve it arithmet- 
ically we would like to know it as 
well as many of our readers. 

No. It, January Forum, cannot be 
solved with the data given. It 
should not have been published, but 
was sent to us and rushed into the 
Forum without examination. Did 
any one discover that its solution is 
impossible ? And why is it ? Let 
the geometry class answer. 
Answer to Enigma for College 
Frtends. 

" College Day, Endowment Fund 
and Prohibition Amendment." An- 
swered by Elmer E. Haak, P. S. Harp, 
J. E. Kleffman, A. A. Long and B. F. 
Daugherty. 

PROBLEMS. 

No. 23. 

A wooden wheel of uniform thick- 
ness, four feet in diameter, stands in 
mud one foot deep, what fraction of 
the wheel is out of the mud ? 
No. 24. 

An article on one side of a false 
balance weighs 18 pounds, on the 
other side 8 pounds. Find its true 
weight. 
No. 25. 

What is the market price of 5 % 
bank stock which yields 6 % interest 
after an income tax of 3% has been 
paid ? 

ANSWERS TO ENTGMA IN MARCH NUM- 
BER. 

In ad'lition to those already re- 
ported the correct answer was sent 
by Joshua A. Burkholder, Walnut 
Bottom, Pa. 

(Correct answers to the enigma 
for the physiology class were sent in 
by Mr. Jno. Kleffman and by Mr. 
John H. Shoemaker.) 



TEMPERATURE. 

Average. Lowest. Highest 
. ..45:°76 32° 60 
. ..57:°40 39° 78 
...54:°71 40° 68 



Time. 
7 a. m., . 
1 p. m., . 

6 p. m., . 

Whole month, 52:°62 32° 68 

The face of the sky in ninet} T ob- 
servations gave the following re- 
sults : fair, 44 ; overcast, 21 ; cloudy, 

7 ; rainy, 18. The month as. a w r hole 
was rather cold, so that, though the 
spring started in early, as we noticed 
last month, at the end of April we 
find vegetatidii rather backward 
even for the time of year. 



The Cornwall Iron Ore Mines of 
Lebanon County. 

These mines are situated in the 
southern border of Lebanon County, 
about midway between the Schuyl- 
kill and Susquehanna rivers. They 
consist of three hills, standing near 
the Mesozoic red shale and sandstone 
formations of Lancaster County on 
the south, and about the divid- 
ing line between it and the Tren- 
ton limestone, which lies on the 
north. 

The hills are known as Big Hill, 
at the east, Middle Hill, and Grassy 
Hill which lies at the west. The 
average elevation of the hills is about 
800 feet above tide ; and the iron 
has been found to extend in great 
purity to a depth of 300 feet below 
water level. The area of uncovered 
ore mass is about 2,640,000 square 
feet, or in the neighborhood of 60 
acres. The iron is principally mag- 
netic, containing sulphurets of iron 
and copper, with varying quantities 
of silica, alumina, lime, magnesia, 
sulphur, phosphorous, etc., encased 
in decomposed trap, against a south 
wall of marble, overlaid by the Mes- 
ozoic red shale. A point of very 
great interest to the geologist is the 
apparently horizontal stratification 
of the whole deposit, but on a closer 
examination it is found to dip to- 
wards the west at varjnng angles of 
from 5° to 10° or 12°. 

An immense quantity of the ore 
is removed annually, the estimated 
production of the mines in 1885 
having been about 510,000 tons. 

The following minerals are found 
at the Cornwall mines : 

Allophane, Azurite, Bieberite, Bo- 
tryogen, Brochanite, Bissolite, Cal- 
copyrite, Covelite, Cuprite, Chalce- 
dony, Chrysocolla, Calcite, Gypsum, 
Hydrocuprite, Iron Pyrites, Mala- 
chite, Pyroxene, Phodochrosite, Ser- 
pentine, Vesuvianite, Wad, and others 
of great interest to the mineral- 
ogist. 



10 



THE COLLEGE FORUM. 



READER'S CORNER. 



A sew volume of The Century begins 
with the May number. The frontispiece 
of which is one of Mrs. Foote's pictures 
of the Far West. The most timely papers 
in the number are a series on Samoa, pro- 
fusely illustrated. There is a good sup- 
ply of War literature and illustrated de- 
scription of The Monasteries of Ireland 
and scenes in the Holy Land and Siberia. 
Fiction and poetry are not wanting, and 
in " Topics of the Time " are discussed : 
"The New Sectional Division," "Office 
seeking the Man" and "Abuse of Ap- 
plause. ' ' 

Scribner^s Magazine for May will inter- 
est readers of many and yaried tastes. 
Men of letters, lovers of good fiction and 
poetry, railway men, amateur and profes- 
sional photographers, and sportsmen will 
find articles which will strongly appeal to 
them. The variety and excellence of the 
engravings will delight those who appre- 
ciate good art. 



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Moderate Prices. 

The Mew Era -is- 
printing Rouge. 

Ovr establishment is fully equipped with 
Material and Printing Machinery with 
special regard to the prompt execution, in 
any style, of all orders for books, newspaper- 
work, catalogues, price-lists, and every style 
ot commercial printing. Sale bills and post- 
ers a specialty. We have just added num- 
bering, perforating, eyeleting and other ma- 
chinery, as well as a number of new type 
faces, which, together with our large variety 
of different qualities of paper, give us unsur- 
passed facilities. Estimates furnished. Oi" 
ders will receive prompt attention. 

3 S. Queen St., Lancaster, Pa. 

WARFEL & GEIST, PROPRIETORS. 



W. O. HERR, 

HHRDMHRE 

ANNVILLE, PA, 



Farmers' and Builders' Hardware, Paints, 
Oils, Shovels, Rakes, Forks, Pumps, Hoes 
and Chains, Baby Carriages, Express 
Wagons, and All Kinds of Lamps. 

EVERYTHING IN THE 

m&kmwwMwm hub, 

—GO TO — 

FRANTZ & BRO'S 

FOR YOUR 

HATS, CAPS 

—AND— 

Gents' Furnishing Goods. 

The Largest Assortment in the City 
Lebanon. 

FB^lITTZ <Sc JBTIO., 

JIo. 775 Cumberland Street, 

ly LEBANON, PA. 

1680. 1885 

J. H. MILLER, 

General Insurance Apt 

S. W. Cor. 8th « Willow Sts, 

LEBANON, PA. 



All Companies First-Class^ 
C. SHENB, 

DEALER IN 

FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC 

Dry Goods, 

NOTIONS, Etc., 

814 Cumberland SU 

LEBANON, PA, | 



1 mo 
$7 00 
5 00 
4 00 
3 00 
2 00 
1 00